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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2840 - κοινόω

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G2839)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to make common
    1. to make (Levitically) unclean, render unhallowed, defile, profane
    2. to declare or count unclean
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (17)
Matthew 5
Mark 5
Acts 5
Hebrews 1
Revelation 1
NAS (14)
Matthew 5
Mark 5
Acts 3
Hebrews 1
CSB (14)
Matthew 5
Mark 5
Acts 3
Hebrews 1
BSB (14)
Matthew 5
Mark 5
Acts 3
Hebrews 1
ESV (14)
Matthew 5
Mark 5
Acts 3
Hebrews 1
WEB (16)
Matthew 5
Mark 5
Acts 4
Hebrews 1
Revelation 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


fut. κοινώσω A. Ch. 673: aor. ἐκοίνωσα Th. 8.48, Pl. Lg. 889d; Dor. ἐκοίνᾱσα Pi. P. 4.115: Med., fut. κοινώσομαι Id. N. 3.12 codd. (leg. - άσομαι (Dor.)), E. Med. 499: aor. ἐκοινωσάμην A. Ag. 1347, Isa 11.50, etc.: Pass., aor. ἐκοινώθην E. Andr. 38, Pl. Ti. 59b: pf. κεκοίνωμαι (in med. sense) E. Fr. 493:

communicate, impart information, κ. τινί τι A. Ch. 717 (in 673 an acc. must be supplied), E. Med. 685, Ar. Nu. 197, Th. 4.4, etc.; μῦθον ἔς τινας E. IA 44 (anap.); κ. τινὶ περί τινος A. Supp. 369; νυκτὶ κοινάσαντες ὁδόν having imparted their journey to night alone (i.e. travelling by night without consulting any one), Pi. P. l.c.

2. make common, share, κοινώσαντας τὴν δύναμιν κοινὰ καὶ τὰ ἀποβαίνοντα ἔχειν Th. 1.39, cf. Pl. Lg. l.c.; v.l. for ἐκοινώνησε in Arist. Pol. 1264a1: in Med., κοινάσομαι [ὕμνον] λύρᾳ Pi. N. l.c.: aor. Med. in act. sense, Hp. Jusj.; κ. τὴν οὐσίαν τῇ τοῦ παιδός unite one to the other, Isal.c.

3. make common, defile, τὸν ἄνθρωπον Matthew 15:11; γαστέρα μιαροφαγίᾳ LXX 4 Maccabees 7:6 : Med., deem profane, Acts 10:15.

II Med., c. acc., undertake together, make common cause in, βουλεύματα A. Ag. 1347; κοινούμεθα.. ἐγώ τε καὶ Λάχης τὸν λόγον Pl. La. 196c; τὸ πρᾶγμα D. 32.30; κοινουμένη τὰς ξυμφοράς σοι E. Ion 608, cf. 858; κοινοῦσθαι τὸν στόλον Th. 8.8; τὴν τύχην X. Vect. 4.32.

2. take counsel with, consult, esp. an oracle or god, X. An. 6.2.15, v.l. in HG 7.1.27: generally, πρός τινας Pl. Lg. 930c; περὶ πάντων ἑαυτοῖς Plb. 7.16.3; τοῖς ἰατροῖς περί τινων Gal. Consuet. 5; τοῖς φίλοις περὶ τὸ πρακτέον Hdn. 7.8.1; ὧν ἄν τις κοινώσαιτο δόξαις agree with, Arist. Metaph. 993b12: abs., οὔτ' ἠθέλησας οὔτ' ἐγὼ 'κοινωσάμην S. Ant. 539; simply, communicate, τὰ κατ' ἐμὲ τῇ βουλῇ Alciphr. 3.72; μηδὲν τῇ γυναικὶ χρήσιμον Men. Mon. 361.

3. c.gen., to be partner or partaker, τινος of a thing, E. Ph. 1709, Cyc. 634, Lys. 12.93, etc.; τινί τινος with one in.., E. Andr. 933.

4. come to terms, μοι Pl. Smp. 218e.

III Pass., have communication with, λέχει E. Andr. 38, cf. 217: metaph., ἀλλήλοις Pl. Lg. 673d; ξανθῷ χρώματι -ωθέν, i.e. tinged with yellow, Id. Ti. 59b.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κοινόω, κοινῷ; 1 aorist infinitive κοινῶσαι (cf. Winer's Grammar, 91 (86)); perfect κεκοίνωκα; perfect passive participle κεκοινωμενος; (κοινός);

1. in classical Greek to make common.

2. in Biblical use (see κοινός, 2), a. to make (levitically) unclean, render unhallowed, defile, profane (which the Greeks express by βεβηλόω, cf. Winer's De verb. comp. etc. Part ii., p. 24 note 33 (where he calls attention to Luke's accuracy in putting κοινοῦν into the mouth of Jews speaking to Jews (Acts 21:28) and βεβηλοῦν when they address Felix (xxiv. 6))): Revelation 21:27 Rec.; Matthew 15:11, 18, 20; Mark 7:15, 18, 20, 23; passive Hebrews 9:13; τί, Acts 21:28; γαστέρα μαροφαγια, 4 Macc. 7:6.

b. to declare or count unclean: Acts 10:15 (cf. ); ; see δικαιόω, 3.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κοινόω , - ,

[in LXX: 4 Maccabees 7:6 א R*;]

1. in cl., to make common.

2. In LXX, l.c., and NT (as κοινός , 2), to make ceremonially unclean, to profane (= cl., βεληλόω ): Matthew 15:11; Matthew 15:18; Matthew 15:20, Mark 7:15; Mark 7:18; Mark 7:20; Mark 7:23, Acts 21:28; pass., Hebrews 9:13.

3. to count unclean (cf. δικαιόω ): Acts 10:15; Acts 11:9.†

SYN.: βεβηλόω G950. Thayer (s.v. κ .) mentions that Winer notes the accuracy whereby the Jews are said to use κ . in addressing Jews, Acts 21:28, and β . when speaking to Felix, 24:6 (Cremer, 362).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The classical use of this verb may be illustrated by Aristeas 290 ἦθος χρηστὸν καὶ παιδείας κεκοινωνηκὸς δυνατὸν ἄρχειν ἐστί, ";a good disposition which has had the advantage of culture is fitted to bear rule"; (Thackeray).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κεκοίνωκε κεκοινωκεν κεκοίνωκεν κεκοινωμενους κεκοινωμένους κοινοι κοινοί κοινοῖ κοινου κοίνου κοινουντα κοινούντα κοινοῦντα κοινωσαι κοινῶσαι kekoinoken kekoinōken kekoínoken kekoínōken kekoinomenous kekoinoménous kekoinōmenous kekoinōménous koinoi koinoî koinosai koinôsai koinōsai koinō̂sai koinou koínou koinounta koinoûnta
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