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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2843 - κοινωνικός

from (G2844)
Parts of Speech
  1. social, sociable, ready and apt to form and maintain communion and fellowship
  2. inclined to make others sharers in one's possessions, inclined to impart, free in giving, liberal
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
1 Timothy
NAS (2)
1 Timothy
HCS (1)
1 Timothy
BSB (1)
1 Timothy
ESV (1)
1 Timothy
WEB (1)
1 Timothy
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κοινων-ικός, ή, όν,


1. held in common, τὰ κ. property held by corporations, D. 14.16, cf. BCH 50.16 (Delph., iv B.C., prob.); κ. ἐλαιών BGU 1037.14 (i A.D.), cf. PGiss. 30.7 (ii A.D.). relating to partnerships, [ δίκαι ] Arist. Ath. 52.2. κοινωνικά, τά, tax on corporations, PTeb. 5.59 (ii B.C.), 100.10 (ii B.C.).

2. social, ἰσότης κοινωνική [ἡ δικαιοσύνη ] Pl. Def. 411e; κ. ἀρετή Arist. Pol. 1283a38; [ φιλίαι ] Id. EN 1161b14.

3. sociable, κ. καὶ φιλικὴ διάθεσις Plb. 2.44.1, cf. Plu. 2.43d; φύσει ἐσμὲν κ. Epicur. Fr. 525, cf. Arr. Epict. 3.13.5: Sup., τὸν ἄνθρωπον ἡ φύσις κατεσκεύασε -ώτατον Ph. Fr. 71 H.; τὸ -κόν sociability, J. BJ 2.8.3. of certain signs of the zodiac, Cat.Cod.Astr. 1.166.

4. giving a share of, τῶν ὄντων Luc. Tim. 56: abs., κ. ὁ Ἑρμῆς ready to share luck with others, prov. in Arist. Rh. 1401a20; liberal, 1 Timothy 6:18, Ptol. Tetr. 69; opp. φθονερός, Gal. 4.817.

5. c. dat., in communion with, τῇ ἐκκλησίᾳ Just. Nov. 8 Jusj.

II Act., receptive, sharing in, φωτός Str. 17.1.36.


1. Adv. - κῶς, χρῆσθαι τοῖς εὐτυχήμασι to suffer others to partake in one's good fortune, Plb. 18.48.7; κ. βιῶναι D.S. 5.9; ζῆν κ. καὶ φιλικῶς Plu. 2.1108c, etc.

2. Medic., by sympathy, κ. σπᾶσθαι prob. in Aët. 3.140.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

*κοινωνικός , - , -όν

(<κοινωνία ),

1. sociable.

2. ready to communicate or impart (R, mg., ready to sympathize, v. Field, Notes, 213 f.): 1 Timothy 6:18.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

κοινωνικός is used in the more primary sense of ";common"; in BGU IV. 1037.14 (A.D. 47) ἴσοδος καὶ ἔξοδος τοῦ κοινωνικοῦ ἐλαι [ῶνος, the vineyard being ";common"; to two properties : cf. also P Giss I. 30.7, .12, .14 (A.D. 140–161). For evidence in support of the derived meaning ";willing to communicate"; (RV) rather than ";ready to sympathise"; (RV marg.) in 1 Timothy 6:18, see Field Notes, p. 213 f.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κοινωνικους κοινωνικούς koinonikous koinonikoús koinōnikous koinōnikoús
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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