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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2845 - κοίτη

from (G2749)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. a place for laying down, resting, sleeping in
    1. a bed, couch
  2. the marriage bed
    1. of adultery
  3. cohabitation, whether lawful or unlawful
    1. sexual intercourse
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4904 ‑ מִשְׁכָּב (mish‑kawb');  7901 ‑ שָׁכַב (shaw‑kab');  7902 ‑ שִׁכְבָה (shek‑aw‑baw');  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κοίτ-η, ἡ, (κεῖμαι)


1. = cross κοῖτος 1, once in Hom., Od. 19.341 (v.l. cross οἴκῳ); bedstead, IG 12.330.16, al., Wilcken Chr. 244.3 (iii B.C.), etc.; esp. marriage-bed, A. Supp. 804 (lyr.), S. Tr. 17; οὐ γὰρ ἐκ μιᾶς κ. ἔβλαστον Id. Fr. 546; τᾶς ἀπλήστου κ. ἔρος E. Med. 152 (lyr.), etc.; ἀνάνδρου κοίτας λέκτρον ib. 436 (lyr.); also πετρίνη κοίτη, of a cave, S. Ph. 160 (anap.); τειρομέναν νοσερᾷ κ. on a sick- bed, E. Hipp. 132 (lyr.); κοίταν δ' ἔχει νέρθεν, of one dead, S. OC 1706 (lyr.); κ. σκληρά Pl. Lg. 942d, Aret. CA 1.1: pl., ἔννυχοι κ. Pi. P. 11.25; νυμφίδιοι κ. E. Alc. 249 (lyr.): metaph., of the sea, ἐν μεσημβριναῖς κοίταις.. εὕδοι πεσών A. Ag. 566; of the bed of a river, Procop. Aed. 5.5, Phlp. in Ph. 586.21, Lyd. Mens. 4.10.

2. lair of a wild beast, nest of a bird, etc., E. Ion 155 (lyr.); χελιδόνων Aët. 16.15; κ. ποιεῖσθαι, of the spider, Arist. HA 623a12; of the fish ἐξώκοιτος, Thphr. Fr. 171.1.

3. quarters, τῶν φυλακιτῶν BGU 1007.14 (iii B.C.), cf. PTeb. 179 (ii B.C.); v. infr. VI.

4. pen, fold for cattle, PLips. 118.15 (ii A.D.).

II act of going to bed, τῆς κοίτης ὥρη bed -time, Hdt. 1.10, 5.20; τραπέζῃ καὶ κοίτῃ δέκεσθαι to entertain 'at bed and board', ibid.; τὴν σκηνὴν εἰς κ. διέλυον for going to bed, X. Cyr. 2.3.1 (but κεῖσθαι κοίταν to lie still in death, A. Ag. 1494 (lyr.)).

III lodging, entertainment, PTeb. 122.1 (i B.C.), al. of sexual connexion, κ. διδόναι LXX Numbers 5:20, cf. Leviticus 18:20; κ. σπέρματος ib. 15.16; κ. ἔχειν ἐκ.. to become pregnant by a man, Romans 9:10; in bad sense, lasciviousness, ib. 13.13 (pl.). parcel, lot of land, PAmh. 2.88.9 (ii A.D.), PRyl. 168.9 (ii A.D.). chest, case, or basket, Pherecr. 122, Eup. 76, IG 22.120.37,40, Men. 129.2, PPetr. 2p.10 (iii B.C., unless in signf. 1.3), Luc. Sat. 21; αἱ μυστικαὶ κ. Plu. Phoc. 28.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κοίτη, κοίτης, (ΚΑΩ, ΚΑΙΩ, κεῖμαι akin to κοιμάω); from Homer, Odyssey 19, 341 down; the Sept. chiefly for מִשְׁכָּב, also for שְׁכָבָה etc.;

a. a place for lying down, resting, sleeping in; a bed, couch: εἰς τήν κοίτην (see εἰμί, V. 2 a.) εἰσιν, Luke 11:7.

b. specifically, the marriage-bed, as in the Tragg.: τήν κοίτην μιαίνειν, of adultery (Josephus, Antiquities 2, 4, 5; Plutarch, de fluv. 8, 3), Hebrews 13:4.

c. cohabitation, whether lawful or unlawful (Leviticus 15:4f, 21-25, etc.; Wis. 3:13, 16; Euripides, Med. 152; Alc. 249): plural sexual intercourse (see περιπατέω, b. α.), Romans 13:13 (A. V. chambering); by metonymy, of the cause for the effect we have the peculiar expression κοίτην ἔχειν ἐκ τίνος, to have conceived by a man, Romans 9:10; κοίτη σπέρματος, Leviticus 15:16; Leviticus 22:4; Leviticus 18:20, 23 (here κοίτη εἰς σπερματισμόν); on these phrases cf. Fritzsche, Commentary on Romans 2, p. 291f.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κοίτη , -ης , (in Hom., κοῖτος ),

[in LXX chiefly for H4904, also for H7902, etc.;]

a bed: Luke 11:7; esp. the marriage-bed: κ . ἀμίαντος , Hebrews 13:4; κ . ἔχειν , of a woman conceiving, Romans 9:10 (cf. peculiar phrases in LXX, Leviticus 15:18, al.); of illicit intercourse, pl., Romans 13:13.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

κοίτη in the sense of ";bed"; occurs in the Serapeum dream P Par 51.11 (B.C. 160) (= Selections, p. 19) μεταβέβλ [ηκα ] τὴν κοίτην μου, ";I have changed my bed"; : cf. also the Christian letter written by a sick woman, P Oxy VIII. 1161.10 (iv/A.D.)—πάνυ μὴ δυναμένη ἀναστῆναι ἐκ τῆς κοίτης μου, ";quite unable to rise from my bed."; The word seems to have the general meaning of ";resting-place"; in P Lips I. 118.15 (A.D. 160–1), where ground is set aside εἰς βρῶσιν προβάτων καὶ κοίτην. In this way κοίτη is frequently used of a ";parcel"; of land (cf. σφραγίς) as in P Ryl II. 168.9 (A.D. 120) κοίτην ἣν ἐγεώργει Φιβίων, ";a parcel cultivated by Phibion,"; P Amh II. 88.9 (A.D. 128) ἐν δυσὶ κοίταις ἀρούρας ἑπτά, ";seven arourae in two parcels,"; etc. The derived meaning ";box,"; ";chest,"; is seen in P Petr II. 4 (6).10 (B.C. 255–4) διὰ τὸ μὴ εἶναι ἄρτους ἐν τῇ κοίτῃ, P Tebt I. 180 (B.C. 92 or 59) εἰσὶν οἱ δεδωκ (ότες) χαλκὸν εἰς τὴν κοίτην Εὑρήμονος. For the verb κοιτάζω, which is found in the LXX, cf. P Oxy XII. 1465.9 (i/B.C.) τοὺς ἄλλους τοὺς ἐκε ̣ῖ κο ̣ιταζο [μέ ]νους, ";the others who sleep there"; (Edd.), for the subst. κοιτασμός cf. P Tebt II. 423.19 (early iii/A.D.) ἐὰν οὖν μὴ ἦς λαβὼν τὰ πρόβατα πρὸς κοιτασμός (l. όν), ";so if you have not received the sheep for folding"; (Edd.), for ἀπόκοιτος cf. ib. 384.6 (A.D. 10) οὐ γεινόμενος (l. ον) ἀπόκοιτον οὐδ᾽ ἀφ [ήμερον ἀπ ]ὸ τῆς [Πασώνιος ] οἰκίας, ";he shall not sleep away or absent himself by day from Pasonis’ house"; (Edd.), and for ἐκκοιτεία see P Tebt II. 332.9 (s.v. καιρός). With the use κοίτη for ";sexual intercourse"; in Romans 13:13 we may compare the verb ἀνδροκοιτέω in BGU IV. 1106.29 (B.C. 13), P Cairo Preis 31.24 (A.D. 139–140).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κοιταις κοίταις κοίτας κοιτη κοίτη κοιτην κοίτην κοίτης κοιτών koitais koítais koite koitē koíte koítē koiten koitēn koíten koítēn
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