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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #7901 - שָׁכַב

Transliteration
shâkab
Phonetics
shaw-kab'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
2381
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to lie down

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to lie, lie down, lie on

1a2) to lodge

1a3) to lie (of sexual relations)

1a4) to lie down (in death)

1a5) to rest, relax (figuratively)

1b) (Niphal) to be lain with (sexually)

1c) (Pual) to be lain with (sexually)

1d) (Hiphil) to make to lie down

1e) (Hophal) to be laid

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 373 ‑ ἀναπαύω (an‑ap‑ow'‑o);  599 ‑ ἀποθνῄσκω (ap‑oth‑nace'‑ko);  2518 ‑ καθεύδω (kath‑yoo'‑do);  2521 ‑ κάθημαι (kath'‑ay‑mahee);  2621 ‑ κατάκειμαι (kat‑ak'‑i‑mahee);  2647 ‑ καταλύω (kat‑al‑oo'‑o);  2845 ‑ κοίτη (koy'‑tay);  2942 ‑ κυβερνήτης (koo‑ber‑nay'‑tace);  2730 ‑ κατοικέω (kat‑oy‑keh'‑o);  2827 ‑ κλίνω (klee'‑no);  3435 ‑ μολύνω (mol‑oo'‑no);  2837 ‑ κοιμάω (koy‑mah'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (212)
Genesis
22
Exodus
3
Leviticus
17
Numbers
4
Deuteronomy
17
Joshua
2
Judges
2
Ruth
8
1 Samuel
13
2 Samuel
18
1 Kings
21
2 Kings
19
2 Chronicles
12
Job
11
Psalms
6
Proverbs
8
Ecclesiastes
2
Isaiah
7
Jeremiah
1
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
13
Hosea
1
Amos
1
Jonah
1
Micah
1
Zechariah
1
NAS (274)
Genesis
26
Exodus
3
Leviticus
20
Numbers
6
Deuteronomy
19
Joshua
3
Judges
2
Ruth
13
1 Samuel
21
2 Samuel
23
1 Kings
24
2 Kings
18
2 Chronicles
12
Job
20
Psalms
10
Proverbs
13
Ecclesiastes
3
Isaiah
10
Jeremiah
2
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
19
Hosea
2
Amos
1
Jonah
2
Micah
1
HCS (210)
Genesis
20
Exodus
3
Leviticus
17
Numbers
4
Deuteronomy
17
Joshua
2
Judges
2
Ruth
8
1 Samuel
13
2 Samuel
17
1 Kings
21
2 Kings
19
2 Chronicles
12
Job
11
Psalms
6
Proverbs
8
Ecclesiastes
2
Isaiah
7
Jeremiah
2
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
13
Hosea
1
Amos
1
Jonah
1
Micah
1
Zechariah
1
BSB (216)
Genesis
29
Exodus
3
Leviticus
17
Numbers
4
Deuteronomy
16
Joshua
2
Judges
2
Ruth
8
1 Samuel
13
2 Samuel
18
1 Kings
21
2 Kings
19
2 Chronicles
12
Job
11
Psalms
6
Proverbs
8
Ecclesiastes
2
Isaiah
6
Jeremiah
1
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
13
Hosea
1
Amos
1
Jonah
1
Micah
1
ESV (203)
Genesis
21
Leviticus
17
Numbers
4
Deuteronomy
16
Joshua
2
Judges
2
Ruth
8
1 Samuel
13
2 Samuel
18
1 Kings
21
2 Kings
19
2 Chronicles
12
Job
11
Psalms
6
Proverbs
8
Ecclesiastes
2
Isaiah
5
Jeremiah
1
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
13
Hosea
1
Jonah
1
Micah
1
WEB (211)
Genesis
22
Exodus
3
Leviticus
17
Numbers
4
Deuteronomy
17
Joshua
2
Judges
2
Ruth
8
1 Samuel
13
2 Samuel
18
1 Kings
21
2 Kings
19
2 Chronicles
12
Job
10
Psalms
6
Proverbs
8
Ecclesiastes
2
Isaiah
7
Jeremiah
1
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
13
Hosea
1
Amos
1
Jonah
1
Micah
1
Zechariah
1
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2834) bks (סהכב ShKB) AC: Lay CO: Bed AB: Copulation: A laying down for copulation. [from: bs]

V) bks (סהכב ShKB) - Lay: To lay down for copulation, rest or sleep. KJV (212): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal, Pual) lie, sleep, rest - Strongs: H7901 (שָׁכַב)

Nf1) ebks (סהכבה ShKBH) - Lying: A laying with another in copulation. Also something spread out. KJV (9): copulation, lie, carnally, from - Strongs: H7902 (שִׁכְבָה)

cf2) tbfks (סהכובת ShKWBT) - Copulation: KJV (4): lie - Strongs: H7903 (שְׁכֹבֶת)

hm) bksm (מסהכב MShKB) - Bed: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (52): bed, couch - Strongs: H4903 (מִשְׁכַּב), H4904 (מִשְׁכָּב)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שָׁכַב fut. יִשְׁכַּב, inf. שְׁכַב with suff. שִׁכְבָהּ Genesis 19:33, and שָׁכְבְּךָ (from שְׁכֹב), Deuteronomy 6:7 imp. שְׁכַב, with ה parag. שִׁכְבִה to lie, to lie down. (Syr., Ch., and Eth. ሰከበ፡ id., but Arab. سكب to pour out, which is done by inclining a vessel. The primary stock is כב, כף, which has the power of bending, inclining oneself, compare under כָּפַף, Gr. Lat. κύπτω, cubo, cumbo. As to a sibilant prefixed to a biliteral stock to form triliterals, see p. 783, A. ) Psalms 68:14, “would that ye lay amongst the stalls” (shepherds to take rest). Isaiah 50:11, “ye shall lie down in sorrow.” 1 Kings 3:19, “(the woman) had lain upon it” (the child), and had smothered it; also to lay one’s self down (fich legen), Ezekiel 4:6, “lie on thy right side,” lege dich auf die rechte Seite. Specially used

(a) of those who are going to sleep, to lay oneself down to sleep, Genesis 19:4, 28:11 1 Samuel 3:5, 1 Samuel 3:6, 1 Samuel 3:9; Psalms 3:6, 4:9 1 Kings 19:5; Job 7:4; Proverbs 3:24 and as being asleep, 1 Samuel 3:2; 2 Samuel 11:9; 1 Samuel 26:7; 1 Kings 21:27 also as taking rest, Psalms 68:14 hence to rest, Ecclesiastes 2:23, “even at night his heart doth not rest.” Job 30:17, “my gnawing (pains) take no rest.”

(b) used of those who are sick, 2 Samuel 13:6; 2 Kings 9:16.

(c) of mourners, 2 Samuel 12:16.

(d) of those who are dying (to lay oneself down), very often in speaking of the death of kings in the phrase, וַיִּשְׁכַּב עִם אֲבוֹתָיו 1 Kings 2:10, 11:43 14:20, 31 1 Kings 14:31, 15:8, 24 1 Kings 15:24, 16:6, 28 1 Kings 16:28 and of the dead, Isaiah 14:8, מֵאָז שָׁכַבְתָּ “since thou wast laid down,” hast died [wast destroyed]. Isaiah 14:18, 43:17 Job 3:13, 20:11 21:26. שֹׁכְבֶי קֶבֶר those who lie in the grave, Psalms 88:6.

(e) used of those who lie with a woman, followed by עִם Genesis 26:10, 30:15, 16 Genesis 30:16, 34:2 39:7, 12 Genesis 39:12; Exodus 22:15; Deuteronomy 22:23, seq.; 2 Samuel 12:11 and אֵת Genesis 35:22; 1 Samuel 2:22 with suff. אֹתִי, אֹתָהּ Genesis 34:2; Leviticus 15:18, 24 Leviticus 15:24 (once used of a woman, Genesis 19:32); also with an acc. Deuteronomy 28:30, in קרי (where in the text there is שָׁגַל). Hence

Niphal, to be lain with, ravished (used of a woman), Isaiah 13:16; Zechariah 14:2 and

Pual, id. Jeremiah 3:2 קרי.

Hiphil

(1) to make any one lie down, to prostrate, 2 Samuel 8:2 to lay down, 1 Kings 17:19 to cause to rest, Hosea 2:20.

(2) to pour out a vessel (i.q. Arab. سكب to pour out, see above as to this meaning), Job 38:37.

Hophal הָשְׁכַּב, part. מָשְׁכָּב to be prostrated, to lie, 2 Kings 4:32; Ezekiel 32:19, 32 Ezekiel 32:32.

Derivatives, שְׁכָבָה, שְׁכֹבֶת, מִשְׁכָּב.

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List of Word Forms
אֶשְׁכְּבָ֪ה אֶשְׁכָּ֑ב אשכב אשכבה בְּֽ֭שָׁכְבְּךָ בְּשִׁכְבָ֖הּ בְשָׁכְב֗וֹ בשכבה בשכבו בשכבך הִשְׁכִּ֥יבָה הַשְׁכֵּ֣ב הַשֹּֽׁכְבִים֙ הַשֹּׁכֵ֥ב השכב השכבים השכיבה וְ֝שָׁכַבְתָּ֗ וְהִשְׁכַּבְתִּ֖ים וְהַשֹּׁכֵ֣ב וְהָשְׁכְּבָ֖ה וְהֻשְׁכַּב֩ וְלִשְׁכַּ֣ב וְנִשְׁכְּבָ֣ה וְשָֽׁכַבְתִּי֙ וְשָֽׁכַבְתָּ֙ וְשָׁ֨כַבְתָּ֜ וְשָׁכְבָ֣ה וְשָׁכַ֣ב וְשָׁכַ֥ב וְשָׁכַ֨ב וְשָׁכַב֙ וְשָׁכָ֑בְתְּ וְתִשְׁכַּ֖ב וַיִּשְׁכְּב֤וּ וַיִּשְׁכְּבוּ־ וַיִּשְׁכַּ֕ב֙ וַיִּשְׁכַּ֖ב וַיִּשְׁכַּ֣ב וַיִּשְׁכַּ֤ב וַיִּשְׁכַּ֥ב וַיִּשְׁכַּ֨ב וַיִּשְׁכַּב֙ וַיִּשְׁכַּב־ וַיִּשְׁכָּֽב׃ וַיַּשְׁכִּבֵ֖הוּ וַיַּשְׁכִּיבֻ֗הוּ וַתִּשְׁכַּ֣ב וַתִּשְׁכַּ֤ב וַתִּשְׁכָּֽב׃ וַתַּשְׁכִּבֵ֔הוּ וַתַּשְׁכִּיבֵ֖הוּ וּ֝כְשֹׁכֵ֗ב וּֽבְשָׁכְבְּךָ֖ וּשְׁכַבְתֶּ֖ם ובשכבך והשכב והשכבה והשכבתים וישכב וישכב־ וישכב׃ וישכבהו וישכבו וישכבו־ וישכיבהו וכשכב ולשכב ונשכבה ושכב ושכבה ושכבת ושכבתי ושכבתם ותשכב ותשכב׃ ותשכבהו ותשכיבהו יִ֭שְׁכַּב יִשְׁכְּב֥וּ יִשְׁכְּבוּ֙ יִשְׁכְּבוּן֙ יִשְׁכַּ֖ב יִשְׁכַּ֤ב יִשְׁכַּ֥ב יִשְׁכַּ֨ב יִשְׁכַּב֙ יִשְׁכַּב־ יִשְׁכָּ֑ב יִשְׁכָּ֑בוּ יִשְׁכָּ֔ב יִשְׁכָּ֖בוּ יִשְׁכָּב֑וּן יִשְׁכָּבֽוּן׃ יִשְׁכָּבוּ֒ יַשְׁכִּֽיב׃ ישכב ישכב־ ישכבו ישכבון ישכבון׃ ישכיב׃ כְּשֹׁכֵ֣ב כִּשְׁכַ֥ב כב כשכב לִשְׁכַּ֖ב לִשְׁכַּ֣ב לִשְׁכַּ֤ב לִשְׁכַּ֥ב לִשְׁכַּב֙ לִשְׁכָּֽב׃ לשכב לשכב׃ מִשֹּׁכֶ֣בֶת מֻשְׁכָּ֖ב משכב משכבת נִשְׁכְּבָ֣ה נשכבה שְׁכַ֥ב שְׁכַֽב־ שְׁכַב֙ שְׁכָ֑ב שְׁכָֽב׃ שְׁכָב֒ שִׁכְבִ֖י שִׁכְבִ֣י שִׁכְבִ֥י שִׁכְבָ֣ה שִׁכְבָ֥ה שָֽׁכַב־ שָׁ֝כַ֗ב שָׁכְב֛וּ שָׁכְב֣וּ שָׁכְב֥וּ שָׁכְב֨וּ שָׁכְבָ֖ה שָׁכַ֔בְתָּ שָׁכַ֗ב שָׁכַ֗בְתִּי שָׁכַ֞ב שָׁכַ֣ב שָׁכַ֣בְתִּי שָׁכַ֤ב שָׁכַ֥ב שָׁכַ֥בְתִּי שָׁכַ֧ב שָׁכָ֑ב שָׁכֹב֩ שֹֽׁכְבִ֔ים שֹׁ֥כְבֵי שֹׁכְבִ֖ים שֹׁכֵ֑ב שֹׁכֵ֔ב שֹׁכֵ֖ב שֹׁכֵ֣ב שֹׁכֵ֣ב ׀ שֹׁכֵ֤ב שֹׁכֵ֥ב שֹׁכֵב֙ שֹׁכֶ֖בֶת שׁוֹכֵ֣ב שוכב שכב שכב־ שכב׃ שכבה שכבו שכבי שכבים שכבת שכבתי תִּשְׁכְּבוּן֮ תִּשְׁכַּ֣ב תִּשְׁכַּ֤ב תִּשְׁכַּ֥ב תִּשְׁכַּב֙ תִּשְׁכָּ֑ב תִּשְׁכָּֽב׃ תִּשְׁכָּבֽוּן׃ תִשְׁכַּ֖ב תִשְׁכָּ֔ב תשכב תשכב׃ תשכבון תשכבון׃ ’eš·kāḇ ’eš·kə·ḇāh ’eškāḇ ’eškəḇāh bə·šā·ḵə·bə·ḵā ḇə·šā·ḵə·ḇōw bə·šiḵ·ḇāh bəšāḵəbəḵā ḇəšāḵəḇōw Beshachebecha beshichVah bəšiḵḇāh Chav eshKav eshkeVah haš·kêḇ haš·šō·ḵə·ḇîm haš·šō·ḵêḇ hashKev hashshoChev hashshocheVim haškêḇ haššōḵêḇ haššōḵəḇîm hiš·kî·ḇāh hishKivah hiškîḇāh ḵaḇ kə·šō·ḵêḇ keshoChev kəšōḵêḇ kiš·ḵaḇ kishChav kišḵaḇ liš·kaḇ liš·kāḇ lishKav liškaḇ liškāḇ miš·šō·ḵe·ḇeṯ mishshoChevet miššōḵeḇeṯ muš·kāḇ mushKav muškāḇ niš·kə·ḇāh nishkeVah niškəḇāh šā·ḵaḇ šā·ḵāḇ šā·ḵaḇ- šā·ḵaḇ·tā šā·ḵaḇ·tî šā·ḵə·ḇāh šā·ḵə·ḇū šā·ḵōḇ šāḵaḇ šāḵāḇ šāḵaḇ- šāḵaḇtā šāḵaḇtî šāḵəḇāh šāḵəḇū šāḵōḇ šə·ḵaḇ šə·ḵāḇ šə·ḵaḇ- šəḵaḇ šəḵāḇ šəḵaḇ- shaChav shaChavta shaChavti shacheVah shacheVu shaCho sheChav shichVah shichVi shoChev Shochevei shoChevet shocheVim šiḵ·ḇāh šiḵ·ḇî šiḵḇāh šiḵḇî šō·ḵə·ḇê šō·ḵe·ḇeṯ šō·ḵə·ḇîm šō·ḵêḇ šō·w·ḵêḇ šōḵêḇ šōḵəḇê šōḵeḇeṯ šōḵəḇîm šōwḵêḇ tiš·kā·ḇūn tiš·kaḇ tiš·kāḇ ṯiš·kaḇ ṯiš·kāḇ tiš·kə·ḇūn tishKav tishkaVun tishkeVun tiškaḇ tiškāḇ ṯiškaḇ ṯiškāḇ tiškāḇūn tiškəḇūn ū·ḇə·šā·ḵə·bə·ḵā ū·ḵə·šō·ḵêḇ ū·šə·ḵaḇ·tem ūḇəšāḵəbəḵā ucheshoChev ūḵəšōḵêḇ ūšəḵaḇtem ushechavTem uveshachebeCha vaiyashkiVehu vaiyashkiVuhu vaiyishKav vaiyishkevu vattashkiVehu vattishKav vehashekeVah vehashshoChev vehishkavTim vehushKav velishKav venishkeVah veshaChav veshaChavet veshachavTa veshachavTi veshacheVah veshacheVo vetishKav wat·taš·ki·ḇê·hū wat·taš·kî·ḇê·hū wat·tiš·kaḇ wat·tiš·kāḇ wattaškiḇêhū wattaškîḇêhū wattiškaḇ wattiškāḇ way·yaš·ki·ḇê·hū way·yaš·kî·ḇu·hū way·yiš·kaḇ way·yiš·kāḇ way·yiš·kaḇ- way·yiš·kə·ḇū way·yiš·kə·ḇū- wayyaškiḇêhū wayyaškîḇuhū wayyiškaḇ wayyiškāḇ wayyiškaḇ- wayyiškəḇū wayyiškəḇū- wə·hā·šə·kə·ḇāh wə·haš·šō·ḵêḇ wə·hiš·kaḇ·tîm wə·huš·kaḇ wə·liš·kaḇ wə·niš·kə·ḇāh wə·šā·ḵā·ḇət wə·šā·ḵaḇ wə·šā·ḵaḇ·tā wə·šā·ḵaḇ·tî wə·šā·ḵə·ḇāh wə·ṯiš·kaḇ wəhāšəkəḇāh wəhaššōḵêḇ wəhiškaḇtîm wəhuškaḇ wəliškaḇ wəniškəḇāh wəšāḵaḇ wəšāḵāḇət wəšāḵaḇtā wəšāḵaḇtî wəšāḵəḇāh wəṯiškaḇ yaš·kîḇ yashKiv yaškîḇ yiš·kā·ḇū yiš·kā·ḇūn yiš·kaḇ yiš·kāḇ yiš·kaḇ- yiš·kə·ḇū yiš·kə·ḇūn yishKav yishkaVu yishkaVun yishkeVu yishkeVun yiškaḇ yiškāḇ yiškaḇ- yiškāḇū yiškāḇūn yiškəḇū yiškəḇūn
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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