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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2903 - κράτιστος

superlative of a derivative of (G2904)
Parts of Speech
  1. mightiest, strongest, noblest, most illustrious, best, most excellent
    1. used in addressing men of prominent rank or office
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (4)
NAS (8)
HCS (4)
BSB (4)
ESV (4)
WEB (4)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κρᾰτιστ-ος, η, ον,

κάρτ- (as always in Hom.),

1. isolated Superl. from κρατύς, strongest, mightiest, Il. 1.266, etc.; θεῶν κ., i.e. Zeus. Pi. O. 14.13; κ. Ἑλλήνων, i.e. Achilles, S. Ph. 3: in Prose, εἰ τοὺς κ. ἐνικήσαμεν Th. 7.67; Λημνίων τὸ κ. the best of their men, Id. 5.8; τὸ δυνάμεως κ. the strength or flower of.., X. Cyr. 6.1.28, etc.; of things, καρτίστην.. μάχην fiercest fight, Il. 6.185; δεσμὸς κ. Ti.Locr. 99a.

2. generally, best, most excellent, as Sup. of ἀγαθός, Pi. I. 1.17, S. Ant. 1050, etc.: colloquially, "" ἄνδρα κ. εἰπών Thphr. Char. 5.2; οἱ κράτιστοι the aristocracy, X. HG 7.1.42, v. ἀγαθός 1; τὰ κ. τῆς χώρας ib. 3.4.20. as a title or mode of address, κράτιστε Θεόφιλε Luke 1:3; esp. = Lat. egregius, ὁ κ. ἡγεμών PFay. p.33 (i A.D.); ὁ κ. ἐπίτροπος BGU 891 (ii A.D.); ἡ κ., of a woman of the equester ordo, IG 14. 1346; also, = Lat. clarissimus, of Senators, ὁ κ. ἀνθὐπατος ib.9(1).61; ὁ κ. συγκλητικός IGRom. 3.581, etc.; ἡ κ. βουλή POxy. 2108.6 (iii A. D.). with modal words added, κ. τὴν ψυχήν Th. 2.40; πάντων πάντα κ. best of all in.., X. An. 1.9.2; ἔν τινι Id. Mem. 3.4.5; εἴς τι Pl. Phlb. 67b; περί τι Id. Plt. 257a; πρός τι X. HG 3.4.16: c. inf., best at doing, Th. 2.81, Pl. Phdr. 267d, X. Mem. 1.4.1, etc.: c. part., τῶν ἡλίκων κ. εἶναι ἀκοντίζων καὶ τοξεύων Id. Cyr. 1.3.15.

3. neut. folld. by inf., φυγέειν κάρτιστον to flee were best, Od. 12.120, cf. E. El. 379, Ar. Eq. 80, etc.: in pl., κράτιστα.. ἑλεῖν E. Med. 384: abs., ὅπερ κ. the main point, Th. 1.143.

4. Adv. usages, ἀπὸ τοῦ κρατίστου in all good faith, Plb. 8.17.4; κατὰ τὸ κ. D.H. 2.22: neut. pl. κράτιστα as Adv., X. HG 3.4.16, Ages. 1.25. The Comp. in use is κρείσσων (q.v.).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κράτιστος , -η , -ον ,

superl, of κρατύς (Hom.),

1. strongest, mightiest (Hom.).

2. noblest, best (cf. κρείσσων ), most excellent (find., Soph., al.): voc., κρατίστε , as title of honour and respect (DCG, ii, 727a), Luke 1:3, Acts 23:26; Acts 24:3; Acts 26:25.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

κράτιστος (egregius) is very common as an honorific title in addressing persons of exalted rank, much as we use ";Your Excellency,"; e.g. P Fay 117.5 (A.D. 108)—a prefect, P Tebt II. 411.5 (ii/A.D.)—an epistrategus, P Oxy X. 1274.10 (iii/A.D.)—a procurator, al. [By the end of the third century the title was applied to persons of less importance, e.g. a ducenarius in P Oxy XIV. 1711.4 : see the editors’ note on ib. 1643.2.] This corresponds with the usage in Acts 23:26; Acts 24:3; Acts 26:25, and possibly Luke 1:3, though in this last case the word may be simply a form of courteous address. If, however, it is regarded here also as official, it is very unlikely that Theophilus was at the time a Christian, ";since,"; as Zahn (Introd. iii. p. 42) has pointed out, ";there is no instance in the Christian literature of the first two centuries where a Christian uses a secular title in addressing another Christian, to say nothing of a title of this character."; On the title as applied to the βουλή of Antinoë in BGU IV. 1022.1 (A.D. 196) see Wilcken in Archiv iii. p. 301, and cf. the introd. to P Strass I. 43. The adj. is never found as a true superlative in the NT, but is so found in literary books of the LXX (cf. Thackeray Gr. i. p. 185) : cf. BGU IV. 1118.11 (B.C. 22) τῶν ὄντων ἐν τῶι κήπωι τὰ κράτιστα καὶ βέλτιστα.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κράτιστα κρατίστας κρατιστε κράτιστε κρατίστη κρατίστοις κράτιστον κρατιστω κρατίστω κρατίστῳ kratiste krátiste kratisto kratistō kratístoi kratístōi
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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