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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2974 - κωφός

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G2875)
Parts of Speech
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  1. blunted, dull
    1. blunted (or lamed) in tongue, dumb
    2. blunted, dull in hearing
    3. deaf
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 483 ‑ אִלֵּם (il‑lame');  2796 ‑ חָרָשׁ (khaw‑rawsh');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (14)
Matthew 7
Mark 3
Luke 4
NAS (19)
Matthew 9
Mark 5
Luke 5
CSB (14)
Matthew 7
Mark 3
Luke 4
BSB (14)
Matthew 7
Mark 3
Luke 4
ESV (12)
Matthew 6
Mark 3
Luke 3
WEB (13)
Matthew 7
Mark 3
Luke 3
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κωφ-ός, ή, όν,

I blunt, dull, obtuse, opp. ὀξύς, κ. βέλος Il. 11.390, cf. E. Fr. 495.27; κ. καλάμη AP 12.25 (Stat.Flacc.).

II metaph.,

1. of sound, mute, noiseless, κύματι κωφῷ Il. 14.16; κωφὴν γὰρ δὴ γαῖαν ἀεικίζει is maltreating dumb, senseless earth, 24.54; τὰ μὲν ἄλλα ἔσκε κωφά the other parts sounded dull, opp. to the ringing of the hollow parts when struck, Hdt. 4.200: neut. pl. as Adv., κωφὰ δὲ πόντος κεῖτο Orph. A. 1103; ὁ κ. λιμήν, prob. the bay of Munychia, as opp. to the noisy Piraeus, X. HG 2.4.31; κωφότερος ὁ ψόφος ἔσται, i.e. muffled, Aen.Tact. 19; τῶν μεταλλικῶν κωφότατος [ὁ σίδηρος ] rings least, Plu. 2.721f; κωφοὶ ἄνεμοι D.S. 3.51.

2. after Hom., of men or animals, dumb, Parm. 6.7, etc.; καὶ κωφοῦ συνίημι καὶ οὐ φωνεῦντος ἀκούω Orac. ap. Hdt. 1.47; οὐ.. παρὰ κωφὸν ὁ τυφλὸς ἔοικε λαλῆσαι, i.e. is not so dumb but that he will answer the blind fool who assails him, Cratin. 6; κωφότερος κίχλης Eub. 29; κ. χάρις a mute gift (sc. an epitaph), Epigr.Gr. 298 (Teos); so κωφοῖς δάκρυσι IPE 2.299 (Panticapaeum); κ. τάφοι prob. in IG 12(8).441.26; κ. προσωπεῖον mute figure on the stage, Ph. 2.520, cf. Plu. 2.791e; κ. πρόσωπον Cic. Att. 13.19.3; κ. καὶ ἄλογος, of a house, with no echoes, Luc. Dom. 1. deaf, h.Merc. 92, Heraclit. 34. A. Th. 202, Ch. 881; λήθην κωφήν, ἄναυδον S. Fr. 670; ὅσοι γίνονται κ. ἐκ γενετῆς, πάντες καὶ ἐνεοὶ γίνονται Arist. HA 536b3 (hence of a deaf and dumb person, Hdt. 1.34, BGU 1196.49 (i B. C.), cf. Hsch.); c.gen., κωφὴ ἀκοῆς αἴσθησις Antiph. 196.5, cj. in Pl. Lg. 932a; κ. Ἑλλάδος φωνᾶς deaf of one's Greek ear, i.e. ignorant of Greek, Dialex. 6.12; σπαράγματα κωφὰ τοῦ βεβαιοῦντος Plu. 2.1108d. metaph., νοῦς ὁρῇ καὶ νοῦς ἀκούει· τἆλλα κωφὰ καὶ τυφλά Epich. 249; κ. πέτρος Moschio Trag. 7; μαψαῦραι Call. Fr. 67; ἐρημία D.S. 3.40: neut. pl. as Adv., κωφὰ χλιαίνεσθαι feebly, AP 12.125 (Mel.).

3. ὄμμα κ. vacant, lack-lustre eye, Arist. Phgn. 807b23.

4. of the senses in general, dull, Thphr. Sens. 19 (Comp.).

5. of the mind, dull, obtuse, ἐγὼ ὁ πάντα κ. S. Aj. 911, cf. Pi. P. 9.87; τὸ τῆς ψυχῆς ποιεῖν κ. Pl. Ti. 88b: κωφοί, οἱ, 'the Dullards', title of satyr-play by Sophocles. of things, senseless, unmeaning, obscure, κ. καὶ παλαί' ἔπη S. OT 290; κ. διήγησις Plb. 3.36.4, cf. 5.21.4; ὑπόνοια Phld. Mus. p.71 K.; σκῶμμα Plu. 2.712a; but κ. εὐπραγίαι is prob.f.l.for κοῦφαι, D.C. 38.27. Adv. - φῶς obscurely, Vett.Val. 251.25: Comp. - ότερον, ἐνοχλεῖν less acutely, Phld. Vit. p.21 J.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κωφός, κωφη, κωφόν (κόπτω to beat, pound), blunted, dull; properly, βέλος, Homer, Iliad 11, 390; hence a. blunted (or lamed) in tongue; dumb: Matthew 9:32; Matthew 12:22; Matthew 15:30; Luke 1:22; Luke 11:14 (Herodotus and following; the Sept. for אִלֵּם Habakkuk 2:18).

b. blunted, dull, in hearing; deaf: Matthew 11:5; Mark 7:32, 37; Mark 9:25; Luke 7:22 (Homer h. Merc. 92; Aeschylus, Xenophon, Plato, and following; the Sept. for חֵרֵשׁ, Exodus 4:11; Isaiah 43:8; Psalm 37:14 (), etc.).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κωφός , - , -όν

(< κόπτω ),

[in LXX chiefly (Exodus 4:11, al.) for H483; for H2796, Habakkuk 2:18;]

blunt, dull. Metaph., of the senses, esp.

(a) of speech, dumb: Matthew 9:32-33; Matthew 12:22; Matthew 15:30-31, Luke 1:22; Luke 11:14;

(b) of hearing, deaf: Matthew 11:5, Mark 7:32; Mark 7:37; Mark 9:25, Luke 7:22.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

κωφός is used as a descriptive name in P Tebt II. 283.6 (B.C. 93 or 60) Πατῦνιν (l. ις) ὁ ἐπικαλούμενον (l. ος) κωφόν (l. ός) : cf. BGU IV. 1196.49, .63 (c. B.C. 10). The adj. occurs in several sepulchral epitaphs attached to τάφοι, δάκρυα, and χάρις (Kaibel 208.26 (ii/A.D.), 252.6 (i/A.D.), 298.2). For the adv. κωφῶς = Lat. obscure, see Vett. Val. pp. 251.25, 301.28.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εκωφώθην κωφά κωφής κωφοι κωφοί κωφοὶ κωφον κωφόν κωφὸν κωφος κωφός κωφους κωφούς κωφοὺς κωφών λαβήν λαβίδας λαβίδες λαβίδι λάβρος λάβρου λάβρω λάγανα λάγανον kophoi kophoì kōphoi kōphoì kophon kophón kophòn kōphon kōphón kōphòn kophos kophós kōphos kōphós kophous kophoús kophoùs kōphous kōphoús kōphoùs
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