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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2991 - λαξευτός
- cut out of stone
λαξ-ευτός, ή, όν,
hewn out of the rock, LXX Deuteronomy 4:49, Luke 23:53.
† λαξευτός , -ή , όν
(<λαξεύω ; < λᾶς , a stone, ξέω , to scrape),
[in LXX: Deuteronomy 4:49 (H6449); in Aq.: Numbers 21:20; Th.: Judges 7:11 *;]
hewn (in stone); Luke 23:53 (elsewhere κοινή writers use λατομητός , 2 Kings 12:12, al.; cf. λατομέω ).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The verb λαξεύω (LXX) is restored by the editors with great probability in a contract with stonecutters P Oxy III. 498.29 (ii/A.D.) τὰ δὲ προκείμενα πάντα α ̣[ . . . λα ]ξ ̣[εύσο ]μεν, ";all the aforesaid stones we will cut"; : cf. also P Thead 14.23 (iv/A.D.) τ ]ὸ ἐκτὸς ἐλάξευται in a very mutilated context. Λάξος (not in LS8), ";a stone-mason,"; is fairly common in the papyri, as e.g. in the early i/A.D. alphabet acrostic P Tebt II. 278.11 κλειτοποίς λάξος μυλοκόπος, ";locksmith, mason, millstone-maker,"; and in the census-return P Oxy XII. 1547.16 (A.D. 119) λάξος οὐ (λὴ) ποδὶ ἀρισ (τερῷ) : cf. also P Amh II. 128.80 (A.D. 128) with the editors’ note. For the subst. λαξεία (not in LS8), see P Oxy III. 498.6 (ut s.) ἐπιδεχόμεθα λαξείαν τῶν οἰκοδομουμένων λίθων κύβων, ";we undertake to cut the squared building-stones"; (Edd.), and for the adj. λαξικός (also unknown to LS8), ib..34 ὑπουργίας λαξικῆς, ";services in stone-cutting"; (Edd.). In P Fay 44.6 (B.C. 16?) τὰ λαξικά is the tax paid by a mason on his trade.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26