Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #3584 - ξηρός

Transliteration
xērós
Phonetics
xay-ros'
Origin
from the base of (G3582) (through the idea of scorching)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. dry
    1. of members of the body deprived of their natural juices, shrunk, wasted, withered
    2. of the land in distinction from the water
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2724 ‑ חָרָבָה (khaw‑raw‑baw');  3002 ‑ יָבֵשׁ (yaw‑bashe');  3002 ‑ יָבֵשׁ (yaw‑bashe');  3004 ‑ יַבָּשָׁה (yab‑baw‑shaw');  6723 ‑ צִיָּה (tsee‑yaw');  6784 ‑ צָמַק (tsaw‑mak');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (7)
Matthew
2
Luke
3
John
1
Hebrews
1
NAS (8)
Matthew
2
Mark
1
Luke
3
John
1
Hebrews
1
HCS (8)
Matthew
2
Mark
1
Luke
3
John
1
Hebrews
1
BSB (8)
Matthew
2
Mark
1
Luke
3
John
1
Hebrews
1
ESV (6)
Matthew
1
Luke
3
John
1
Hebrews
1
WEB (7)
Matthew
2
Luke
3
John
1
Hebrews
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ξηρός, ά, όν,

I

1. dry, opp. ὑγρός, of a dried-up river, Hdt. 5.45; χειμάρρους ξηροὺς ὕδατος Arr. An. 4.3.2; ἠὴρ ξ. Hdt. 2.26; ξ. ἄνεμος Ar. Nu. 404; ξηροῖς ἀκλαύτοις ὄμμασιν A. Th. 696; ὀμμάτων ξ. κόραι E. Or. 389; μέτρα ξ. τε καὶ ὑγρά dry and liquid measures, Pl. Lg. 746d; ὕλη αὔη καὶ ξ. ib. 761d; ξ. γάλα, i.e. ripe cheese, Eust. 1001.51 (cf. περίξηρος); so τυρὸς ξ., opp. τυρὸς χλωρός, Antiph. 133.7, cf. Philox. 3.8; ἐν ξηροῖσιν ἐκτρέφειν on solid food, i.e. cereals, E. Ba. 277; καρπὸς ξ., i.e. cereal, opp. κ. ξύλινος, produce of trees, i. e. fruit, wine, or oil, Pl. Criti. 115b; ξ. χόρτος hay, PPetr. 3p.181 (iii B.C.); φοῖνιξ ξ. dried dates, PSI 1.33.14 (ii A.D.); ξ. καρποί, opp. οἶνος, ἔλαιον, Arr. Epict. 2.23.5; ξ. πυρίαι applications of dry heat, Hp. Acut. 21, Archig. ap. Gal. 12.621; cf. ξηροπυρία. Adv. ξηρῶς by the use of dry powder, Hp. Epid. 6.3.13 (s.v.l.).

2. of bodily condition, withered, lean, δέμας E. El. 239; ξηρὸς ὑπαὶ δείους Theoc. 24.61; ξ. κοιλίη costive, Hp. Aph. 2.20.

3. of the voice, cf. ξηρόφωνος.

II

1. fasting: hence, generally, austere, τρόποι Ar. V. 1452 (lyr.); of persons, Antiph. 16; harsh, opp. ἡδύς, E. Andr. 784 (lyr.).

2. metaph., of style, πραγματεία ἀτερπὴς καὶ ξ. Epicur. Fr. 505 (p.358 U.); τὸ ξ. aridity, Demetr. Eloc. 238; of critics, ξηροὶ Καλλιμάχου πρόκυνες AP 11.322 (Antiphan.).

III

1. as Subst. ἡ ξηρά (sc. γῆ), dry land, opp. ὑγρά, X. Oec. 19.7 (also Comp. ξηροτέρα γῆ ib. 6), cf. Matthew 23:15, etc.; τὸ ξηρόν Hdt. 2.68; ναῦς ἐπὶ τοῦ ξηροῦ ποιεῖν to leave the ships aground, Th. 1.109; ναῦς ἐς τὸ ξ. ἐξωθεῖν Id. 8.105; τὸ ξ. τοῦ ποταμοῦ the part of its bed left dry, X. Cyr. 7.5.18: for Theoc. 1.51 v. ἀκράτιστος.

2. ξηρά, ἡ, in a bath-house, room for dry heat, POxy. 2145.12 (ii A.D.).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ξηρός , - , -όν ,

[in LXX chiefly for H3002, its parts and derivatives, also for H2724, etc.;]

dry: metaph. (of a sinner), ξύλον ξ ., Luke 23:31; of members of the body shrunken by disease, withered: John 5:3; of the hand, Matthew 12:10 Mark 3:3, Luke 6:6; Luke 6:8; of the dry land, ἡ ξηρά (sc. γῆ , cf. Genesis 1:9-10; Genesis 1:19, al.): Matthew 23:15; γῆ , Hebrews 11:29.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Grimm’s, statement that this adj. is ";not found";outside its NT occurrences (Matthew 18:6, Mark 9:42) requires correction in the light of the new evidence, e.g. BGU III. 912.24 (A.D. 33) τὰ ὀνικὰ κτήνη, P Gen I. 23.4 (A.D. 70) ἀπὸ τῶν ὑπαρχόντων ἡμῖν ὀνικῶν κτηνῶν ὄνον ε ̣̓́ν ̣α ̣, and OGIS 629.30 (A.D. 137) γόμου ὀνικ [οῦ, a load such as requires an ass to carry it. Cf. for similar formations, P Oxy III. 498.8 (ii/A.D.) τῶν οἰκοδομουμένων λίθων κύβων καμηλικῶν, ";squared building-stones transportable by camel (?),"; and BGU III. 814.6 (iii/A.D.) ἡμι ]ονικὸν ἅρμα, ";a chariot drawn by mules."; Deissmann (LAE, p. 77) notes that ὀνικός ";survives in the Middle Greek τὸ ()νικόν, which is still in dialectal use, for instance in the island of Carpathus.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ξηρα ξηρά ξηραν ξηράν ξηρὰν ξηρας ξηράς ξηρᾶς ξηροί ξηρόν ξηρός ξηρού ξηρούς ξηρω ξηρώ ξηρῷ ξηρων ξηρών ξηρῶν ξίφεσιν ξίφους ξυλάρια xera xerá xēra xērá xeran xerán xeràn xēran xērán xēràn xeras xerâs xēras xērâs xero xērō xerôi xērō̂i xeron xerôn xērōn xērō̂n
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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