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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3074 - λύκος

Root Word (Etymology)
perhaps akin to the base of (G3022) (from the whitish hair)
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
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  1. a wolf
  2. metaph. of cruel, greedy, rapacious, destructive men
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1677 ‑ דּוֹב (dobe, dobe);  2061 ‑ זְאֵב (zeh‑abe');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (6)
Matthew 2
Luke 1
John 2
Acts 1
NAS (6)
Matthew 2
Luke 1
John 2
Acts 1
CSB (6)
Matthew 2
Luke 1
John 2
Acts 1
BSB (6)
Matthew 2
Luke 1
John 2
Acts 1
ESV (6)
Matthew 2
Luke 1
John 2
Acts 1
WEB (6)
Matthew 2
Luke 1
John 2
Acts 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


[ ], ,

I wolf, Il. 16.156, 352; πολιός grisly, 10.334; κρατερώνυχες Od. 10.218; ὀρέστεροι ib. 212; ὠμοφάγοι Il. 16.156; κοιλογάστορες A. Th. 1041; the small Egyptian wolves mentioned by Hdt. 2.67 were perh. jackals: various kinds distd. by Opp. C. 3.293 sqq.: prov. λύκον ἰδεῖν to see a wolf, i. e. to be struck dumb, as was vulgarly believed of any one at whom a wolf got the first look (Pl. R. 336d), Theoc. 14.22; λύκου πτερά, of things that are not, 'pigeon's milk', Suid.; ὡς λ. χανών, of vain expectation, Eub. 15.11, cf. Ar. Fr. 337, Euphro 1.31; λ. κεχηνώς Ar. Lys. 629; πρίν κεν λ. οἶν ὑμεναιοῖ, of an impossibility, Id. Pax 1076, 1112, cf. Il. 22.263; ὡς λύκοι ἄρν' ἀγαπῶσιν, of treacherous or unnatural love, Poet. ap. Pl. Phdr. 241d; λύκου βίον ζῆν, i. e. live by rapine, Prov. ap. Plb. 16.24.4; ἐκ λύκου στόματος, of getting a thing praeter spem, Zen. 3.48; τῶν ὤτων ἔχειν τὸν λύκον 'catch a Tartar', Apollod.Car. 18, cf. Plb. 30.20.8; λ. ἀετὸν φεύγει, of the inescapable, Diogenian. 6.19; λ. περὶ φρέαρ χορεύει, of those engaged in vain pursuits, ib. 21.

II a kind of daw, Arist. HA 617b17; cf. λύκιος.

III a fish, = καλλιώνυμος, Hices. ap. Ath. 7.282d, Gp. 18.14.1. a kind of spider, Arist. HA 623a2, Nic. Th. 734, Plin. HN 30.52. anything shaped like a hook:

1. a jagged bit for hard-mouthed horses, Lat. lupus, Plu. 2.641f; cf. λυκοσπάς.

2. hook or knocker on a door, Hsch.

3. flesh-hook, Poll. 10.98. nickname of παιδερασταί, AP 12.250 (Strat.), cf. Pl. Phdr. 241d. the flower of the iris, Philin. ap. Ath. 15.682a. a kind of noose, Gal. UP 7.14, Heraclas ap. Orib. 48.7, Hippiatr. 74. a pastille used in dysentery, Aët. 9.49 (Latin version). = ὀροβάγχη, v.l. in marg. of Dsc. 2.142. an engine of war for defending gates, Procop. Goth. 1.21. (Cf. Skt. vŕ[null ]kas, Lith. vi[ltilde]kas, Slav. vl[ucaron]k[ucaron], Goth. wulfs.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

λύκος, λυκου, , Hebrew זְאֵב, a wolf: Matthew 10:16; Luke 10:3; John 10:12; applied figuratively to cruel, greedy, rapacious, destructive men: Matthew 7:15; Acts 20:29; (used tropically, even in Homer, Iliad 4, 471; 16, 156; in the O. T., Ezekiel 22:27; Zephaniah 3:3; Jeremiah 5:6).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

λύκος , -ου , ,

[in LXX for H2061;]

a wolf: Matthew 10:16, Luke 10:3, John 10:12; fig. (as Ezekiel 22:27, Zephaniah 3:3, Jeremiah 5:6, al.), Matthew 7:1, Acts 20:29.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Par 6.19 (B.C. 129) συνέβη δὲ καί, διὰ τὸ ἀχ [ανῆ ] τὴν θύραν ἀφεθῆν [αι, ὑπὸ ] λύκων λυμανθῆ [ναι ] ἀγαθὰ σώματα [περ ]ιβρωθέντα, ";and it also happened that, owing to the door having been left open, certain bodies in good condition were mangled by wolves, which have partly devoured them."; The Latin (or rather Sabine) lupus is linked with λύκος, and points to an original *Luquos. MGr λύκος.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
λυκοι λύκοι λυκον λύκον λυκος λύκος λύκους λυκων λύκων lukoi lukon lukōn lukos lykoi lýkoi lykon lykōn lýkon lýkōn lykos lýkos
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