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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #3756 - οὐ

Transliteration
ou
Phonetics
oo
Origin
a primary word, the absolute negative [cf (3361)] adverb
Parts of Speech
particle
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. no, not; in direct questions expecting an affirmative answer
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1447)
Matthew
177
Mark
103
Luke
150
John
242
Acts
97
Romans
120
1 Corinthians
141
2 Corinthians
94
Galatians
34
Ephesians
10
Philippians
13
Colossians
8
1 Thessalonians
16
2 Thessalonians
8
1 Timothy
8
2 Timothy
11
Titus
1
Hebrews
60
James
25
1 Peter
11
2 Peter
11
1 John
44
2 John
5
3 John
4
Jude
2
Revelation
52
NAS (185)
Matthew
14
Mark
9
Luke
24
John
26
Acts
17
Romans
15
1 Corinthians
16
2 Corinthians
10
Galatians
2
Ephesians
1
Philippians
4
Colossians
4
1 Thessalonians
2
Hebrews
10
James
3
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
2
1 John
6
3 John
1
Revelation
17
HCS (1581)
Matthew
192
Mark
112
Luke
172
John
273
Acts
109
Romans
122
1 Corinthians
152
2 Corinthians
94
Galatians
35
Ephesians
11
Philippians
13
Colossians
8
1 Thessalonians
18
2 Thessalonians
8
1 Timothy
9
2 Timothy
12
Titus
1
Hebrews
64
James
27
1 Peter
13
2 Peter
12
1 John
47
2 John
5
3 John
4
Jude
2
Revelation
66
BSB (1627)
Matthew
203
Mark
119
Luke
174
John
282
Acts
111
Romans
122
1 Corinthians
156
2 Corinthians
97
Galatians
38
Ephesians
11
Philippians
13
Colossians
8
1 Thessalonians
18
2 Thessalonians
8
1 Timothy
9
2 Timothy
12
Titus
1
Hebrews
66
James
27
1 Peter
13
2 Peter
13
1 John
48
2 John
5
3 John
4
Jude
2
Revelation
67
ESV (1272)
Matthew
128
Mark
84
Luke
127
John
225
Acts
88
Romans
100
1 Corinthians
131
2 Corinthians
91
Galatians
35
Ephesians
11
Philippians
13
Colossians
7
1 Thessalonians
16
2 Thessalonians
7
1 Timothy
7
2 Timothy
11
Titus
1
Hebrews
55
James
26
1 Peter
11
2 Peter
10
1 John
41
Revelation
47
WEB (1600)
Matthew
199
Mark
115
Luke
167
John
284
Acts
109
Romans
121
1 Corinthians
152
2 Corinthians
96
Galatians
38
Ephesians
10
Philippians
13
Colossians
8
1 Thessalonians
18
2 Thessalonians
8
1 Timothy
8
2 Timothy
11
Titus
1
Hebrews
64
James
28
1 Peter
13
2 Peter
13
1 John
47
2 John
5
3 John
4
Jude
2
Revelation
66
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

οὐ, the negative of fact and statement, as μή of will and thought; οὐ denies, μή rejects; οὐ is absolute, μή relative; οὐ objective, μή subjective.

The same differences hold for all compds. of οὐ and μή, and some examples of οὐδέ and οὐδείς are included below.

As to the Form, v. infr. G. USAG E.

I as the negative of single words,

II as the negative of the sentence.

I οὐ adhering to single words so as to form a quasi-compd. with them: with Verbs: οὐ δίδωμι withhold, Il. 24.296; οὐκ εἰῶ prevent, 2.132, 4.55, al.; οὐκ ἐθέλω refuse, 1.112, 3.289, al.; οὔ φημι deny, 7.393, 23.668, al. (In most of these uses μή can replace οὐ when the constr. requires it, e.g. εἰ μή φησι ταῦτα ἀληθῆ εἶναι Lycurg. 34; but sts. οὐ is retained, εἰ δ' ἂν.. οὐκ ἐθέλωσιν Il. 3.289; εἰ δέ κ'.. ου'κ εἰῶσι 20.139; ἐὰν οὐ φάσκῃ Lys. 13.76; ἐάντε.. οὐ (v.l. μή) φῆτε ἐάντε φῆτε Pl. Ap. 25b):

with Participles: οὐκ ἐθέλων Il. 4.224, 300, 6.165, etc.: with Adjectives: οὐκ ἀέκοντε 5.366, 768, al.; οὐ πολλήν Th. 6.7, etc.: with Adverbs: οὐχ ἥκιστα Id. 1.68, etc.: rarely with Verbal Nouns (v. infr. 11.10).

On the use of οὐ in contrasts, v. infr. B.

II as negativing the whole sentence,

1 οὐ is freq. used alone, sts. with the ellipsis of a definite Verb, οὔκ (sc. ἀποκερῇ), ἄν γε ἐμοὶ πείθῃ Pl. Phd. 89b: sts. as negativing the preceding sentence, Ar. Pax 850, X. HG 1.7.19: as a Particle of solemn denial freq. with μά (q. v.) and the acc.; sts. without μά, οὐ τὸν πάντων θεῶν θεὸν πρόμον Ἅλιον S. OT 660 (lyr.), cf. 1088 (lyr.), El. 1063 (lyr.), Ant. 758.

2. with ind. of statement, τὴν δ' ἐγὼ οὐ λύσω Il. 1.29, cf. 114, 495; οὐ φθίνει Κροίσου φιλόφρων ἀρετά Pi. P. 1.94; ἔνθα κεν οὔ τιν' ἀδάκρυτόν γ' ἐνόησας Ἀργείων Od. 24.61; οὔ κεν.. ἔπαξε Pi. N. 7.25; οὐκ ἂν ὑπεξέφυγε Il. 8.369.

3. with subj. in fut. sense, only in , οὐ γάρ τίς με βίῃ γε ἑκὼν ἀέκοντα δίηται 7.197; οὐκ ἄν τοι χραίς μῃ κίθαρις 3.54, cf. 11.387.

4. with opt. in potential sense (without ἄν or κεν), also , ὃ οὐ δύο γ' ἄνδρε φέροιεν 5.303, 20.286.

5. with opt. and ἄν, κείνοισι δ' ἂν οὔ τις.. μαχέοιτο 1.271, cf. 301, 2.250, Hdt. 6.63, A. Pr. 979, S. Aj. 155 (anap.), E. IA 310, Ar. Ach. 403, etc.

6. in dependent clauses οὐ is used, with ὅτι or ὡς, after Verbs of saying, knowing, and showing, ἐκ μέν τοι ἐρέω.. ὡς ἐγὼ οὔ τι ἑκὼν κατερύκομαι Od. 4.377, cf. S. El. 561, D. 2.8, etc.: so with ind. or opt. and ἄν, ἀπελογοῦντο ὡς οὐκ ἄν ποτε οὕτω μωροὶ ἦσαν X. HG 5.4.22, cf. Pl. R. 330a; ὡς δὲ οὐκ ἂν δικαίως αὐτοὺς δέχοισθε μαθεῖν χρή Th. 1.40, cf. X. Cyr. 1.1.3, etc.: with opt. representing ind. in orat. obliq., ἔλεξε παιδὶ σῷ.. ὡς.. Ἕλληνες οὐ μενοῖεν A. Pers. 358, cf. S. Ph. 346, Th. 1.38, X. HG 6.1.1, Pl. Revelation 22:1-21 b, etc.: for μή in such sentences, v. μή B. 3. in all causal sentences, and in temporal and Relat. sentences unless there is conditional or final meaning, χωσαμένη, ὅ οἱ οὔ τι θαλύσια.. ῥέξε Il. 9.534; ἄχθεται ὅτι οὐ κάρτα θεραπεύεται Hdt. 3.80; διότι οὐκ ἦσαν δίκαι, οὐ δυνατοὶ ἦμεν παρ' αὐτῶν ἃ ὤφειλον πράξασθαι Lys. 17.3; μή με κτεῖν', ἐπεὶ οὐχ ὁμογάστριος Ἕκτορός εἰμι Il. 21.95, etc.; νῦν δὲ ἐπειδὴ οὐκ ἐθέλεις.., εἶμι Pl. Prt. 335c; ἐπειδὴ τὸ χωρίον οὐχ ἡλίσκετο Th. 1.102; νηπιάχοις οἷς οὔ τι μέλει πολεμήϊα ἔργα Il. 2.338, etc.: in causal relative sentences, οἵτινές σε οὐχὶ ἐσώσαμεν Pl. Cri. 46a; esp. in the combinations, οὐκ ἔστιν ὅστις οὐ.., as οὐκ ἔστ' ἐραστὴς ὅστις οὐκ ἀεὶ φιλεῖ E. Tr. 1051, cf. Hec. 298; οὔτις ἔσθ' ὃς οὔ S. Aj. 725; οὐδείς ἐστιν ὅστις οὐ.. Isoc. 15.180. after ὥστε with ind. or opt. with ἄν, ὥστ' οὐ δυνατόν σ' εἵργειν ἔσται Ar. V. 384, cf. S. Aj. 98, OT 411; οὕτως αὐτοὺς ἀγαπῶμεν.. ὥστε.. οὐκ ἂν ἐθελήσαιμεν Isoc. 8.45; οὐκ ἂν ὡρκίζομεν αὐτὸν ὥστε τῆς εἰρήνης ἂν διημαρτήκει καὶ οὐκ ἂν ἀμφότερ' εἶχε D. 18.30: ὥστε οὐ with inf. is almost invariably due to orat. obliq., ὥστ' οὐκ αἰσχύνεσθαι (for οὐκ αἰσχύνονται) Id. 19.308, cf. Th. 5.40, 8.76, Lys. 18.6, Isa 11.27 (cj. Reiske). Rarely not in orat. obliq., S. El. 780, E. Ph. 1358, Hel. 108, D. 53.2, 9.48.

7. in a conditional clause μή is necessary, except, in Hom., when the εἰ clause precedes the apodosis and the verb is indic., εἰ δέ μοι οὐκ ἐπέεσσ' ἐπιπείσεται Il. 15.162, cf. 178, 20.129, 24.296, Od. 2.274, Il. 4.160, Od. 12.382, 13.144 (9.410 is an exception). when the εἰ clause is really causal, as after Verbs expressing surprise or emotion, μὴ θαυμάσῃς, εἰ πολλὰ τῶν εἰρημένων οὐ πρέπει σοι Isoc. 1.44; κατοικτῖραι.., εἰ.. οὐδεὶς ἐς ἑκατοστὸν ἔτος περιέσται Hdt. 7.46, cf. S. Aj. 1242; so also δεινὸν γὰρ ἂν εἴη πρῆγμα, εἰ Σάκας μὲν καταστρεψάμενοι δούλους ἔχομεν, Ἕλληνας δὲ οὐ τιμωρησόμεθα Hdt. 7.9, cf. And. 1.102, Lys. 20.8 (prob.), D. 8.55; οὐκ αἰσχρόν, εἰ τὸ μὲν Ἀργείων πλῆθος οὐκ ἐφοβήθη τὴν Λακεδαιμονίων ἀρχήν, ὑμεῖς δ' ὄντες Ἀθηναῖοι βάρβαρον ἄνθρωπον.. φοβήσεσθε; Id. 15.23, cf. Hdt. 5.97, Lys. 22.13. when οὐ belongs closely to the next word (v. A. I), or is quoted unchanged, εἰ, ὡς νῦν φήσει, οὐ παρεσκευάσατο D. 54.29 codd.; εἰ δ' οὐκέτ' ἐστί (sc. ὥσπερ λέγεις), τίνι τρόπῳ διεφθάρη; E. Ion 347.

8. οὐ is used with inf. in orat. obliq., when it represents the ind. of orat. recta, φαμὲν δέ οἱ οὐ τελέεσθαι Od. 4.664, cf. Il. 17.174, 21.316, S. Ph. 1389, etc.; λέγοντες οὐκ εἶναι αὐτόνομοι Th. 1.67, cf. Pl. R. 348c, X. Cyr. 1.6.18; οἶμαι.. οὐκ ὀλίγον ἔργον αὐτὸ εἶναι Pl. R. 369b, cf. S. OT 1051, Th. 1.71, etc.; ἡγήσαντο ἡμᾶς οὐ περιόψεσθαι ib. 39. (For the occasional use of μή, v. μή B. 5c; sts. we have οὐ and μή in consecutive clauses, οἶμαι σοῦ κάκιον οὐδὲν ἂν τούτων κρατύνειν μηδ' ἐπιθύνειν χερί S. Ph. 1058s q.; αὐτὸ ἡγοῦμαι οὐ διδακτὸν εἶναι μηδὲ.. παρασκευαστόν Pl. Prt. 319b.)

9. οὐ is used with the part., when it can be resolved into a finite sentence with οὐ, as after Verbs of knowing and showing, τὸν κατθανόνθ' ὁρῶντες οὐ τιμώμενον E. Hec. 316; κατενόησαν οὐ πολλοὺς τοὺς Θηβαίους ὄντας Th. 2. 3; ἔργῳ δηλώσω οὐ παραγενόμενος Antipho 2.4.8, etc.; or into a causal sentence, τῶν βαρβάρων οἱ πολλοὶ ἐν τῇ θαλάσσῃ διεφθάρησαν νέειν οὐκ ἐπιστάμενοι Hdt. 8.89; τὴν Μένδην πόλιν ἅτε οὐκ ἀπὸ ξυμβάσεως ἀνοιχθεῖσαν διήρπασαν Th. 4.130; or into a concessive sentence, δόξω γυναῖκα καίπερ οὐκ ἔχων ἔχειν E. Alc. 352, cf. S. Ph. 377, etc.: regularly with ὡς and part., ὡς οὐχὶ συνδράσουσα νουθετεῖς τάδε Id. El. 1025, etc.; ἐθορυβεῖτε ὡς οὐ ποιήσοντες ταῦτα Lys. 12.73, cf. S. Ph. 884, Aj. 682, Hdt. 7.99, Th. 1.2, 5, 28, 68, 90; ὥσπερ οὐ πάντας τούτῳ τῷ τεκμηρίῳ χρωμένους Lycurg. 90, cf. Th. 8.1, Isoc. 4.11: for exceptions, v. μή B. 6. when the part. is used with the Art., μή is generally used, unless there is a distinct reference to a fact, when οὐ is occasionally found, ἡμεῖς δὲ ἀπὸ τῆς οὐκ οὔσης ἔτι [πόλεως] ὁρμώμενοι Th. 1.74; τοὺς ἐν τῇ πόλει οὐδὲν εἰδότας Id. 4.111; οἱ οὐκ ἐθέλοντες Antipho 6.26; τῶν οὐ βουλομένων And. 1.9; τοὺς οὐδὲν ἀδικοῦντας ἀκρίτους ἀπέκτειναν Lys. 12.82, cf. τὸν οὐδὲ συμπενθῆσαι τὰς τῆς πατρίδος συμφορὰς τολμήσαντα (preceded by τὸν.. μήτε ὅπλα θέμενον ὑπὲρ τῆς πατρίδος μήτε τὸ σῶμα παρασχόντα κτλ.) Lycurg. 43; τὸ οὐχ εὑρημένον Pl. R. 427e.

10. Adjectives and abstract Substantives with the article commonly take μή (v. μή B. 7) but οὐ is occasionally used, τὰς οὐκ ἀναγκαίας πόσεις X. Lac. 5.4; τοὺς οὐδένας E. IA 371; τὸν οὐδέν Id. Ph. 598 (whereas ὁ μηδείς, τὸ μηδέν is the rule); τὴν τῶν γεφυρῶν οὐ διάλυσιν the non - dissolution of the bridges, the fact of their not being broken up, Th. 1.137; ἡ οὐ περιτείχισις Id. 3.95; ἡ τῶν χωρίων οὐκ ἀπόδοσις Id. 5.35, cf. E. Hipp. 196 (anap.); so without the article, ἐν οὐ καιπῷ Id. Ba. 1287; οὐ πάλης ὕπο ib. 455.

11. for οὐ μή, v. sub voc.

12. in questions οὐ ordinarily expects a positive answer, οὔ νυ καὶ ἄλλοι ἔασι..; Il. 10.165; οὐχ ὁράᾳς..; dost thou not see? Od. 17.545; οὐκ.. ᾐσθόμην; A. Pr. 956: so as a strong form of imper., οὐκ ἀπαλλάξει; E. Ion 524; οὐκ ἀποκτενεῖτε τὸν μιαρὸν τοῦτον ἄνθρωπον; Din. 1.18; οὐκ εἶ καταπιὼν Εὐριπίδην; Ar. Ach. 484; βάλλε, βάλλε folld. by οὐ βαλεῖς; οὐ βαλεῖς; ib. 281 and 283, cf. S. Ant. 885: also with opt. and ἄν, οὐκ ἂν δὴ τόνδ' ἄνδρα μάχης ἐρύσαιο (= ἔρυσαι); Il. 5.456; οὐκ ἂν φράσειας (= φράσον); S. Ph. 1222; but in questions introduced by οὐ δή, οὐ δή του, οὔ που, οὔ τί που, a doubt is implied of the statement involved, and an appeal is made to the hearers, οὐ δή ποθ' ἡμῖν ξυγγενὴς ἥκεις ποθέν; surely you are not..? Id. El. 1202, cf. Ph. 900; οὔ τί που οὗτος Ἀπόλλων..; Pi. P. 4.87, cf. S. Ph. 1233, E. IA 670, Hel. 135, Ion 1113, Ar. Ra. 522, 526.

POSITION. οὐ is generally put immediately before the word which it negatives, οὐκ ἐκεῖνον ἐθεώμην. — ἀλλὰ τίνα μήν ; ἔφη ὁ Τιγράνης X. Cyr. 3.1.41; οὐχ αἱ τρίχες ποιοῦσιν αἱ λευκαὶ φρονεῖν Men. 639; οὐ διὰ τὸ μὴ ἀκοντίζειν οὐκ ἔβαλον αὐτὸν ἀλλὰ διὰ τὸ μηδενὶ ὑπὸ τὸ ἀκόντιον ὑπελθεῖν Antipho 3.4.6: in Poetry the position is freq. more free, κίνδυνος ἄναλκιν οὐ φῶτα λαμβάνει Pi. O. 1.81; οὐ ψεύδεϊ τέγξω λόγον ib. 4.19; κατακρύπτει δ' οὐ κόνις ib. 8.79; χρὴ πρὸς θεὸν οὐκ ἐρίζειν Id. P. 2.88: sts. emphatically at the end of the clause, καὶ τοὶ γὰρ αἰθοίσας ἔχοντες σπέρμ' ἀνέβαν φλογὸς οὔ Id. O. 7.48; ταρβήσει γὰρ οὔ S. Aj. 545: in clauses opposed by μέν and δέ the οὐ (or μή) is freq. placed at the end, βούλονται μέν, δύνανται δ' οὔ Th. 6.38; οὗτος δ' ἦν καλὸς μέν, μέγας δ' οὔ X. An. 4.4.3; ἔδοξέ μοι ὁ ἀνὴρ δοκεῖν μὲν εἶναι σοφὸς.., εἶναι δ' οὔ Pl. Revelation 21:1-27 c; so τὸ Πέρσας μὲν λέληθε, ἡμέας μέντοι οὔ Hdt. 1.139: freq. with ὁ μὲν.. ὁ δέ, οὐ πάσας χρὴ τὰς δόξας τιμᾶν, ἀλλὰ τὰς μέν, τὰς δ' οὔ Pl. Cri. 47a, cf. Ap. 24e, R. 475b, etc.; Λέριοι κακοί, οὐχ ὁ μέν, ὃς δ' οὔ Phoc. 1: sts. in the first clause after μέν, οἱ δὲ στρατηγοὶ ἐξῆγον μὲν οὔ, συνεκάλεσαν δέ X. An. 6.4.20, cf. 4.8.2, Cyr. 1.4.10, Pl. Phd. 73b; κατώρα πᾶν μὲν οὒ τὸ στρατόπεδον Hdt. 7.208.

ACCUMULATION.

1 A simple neg. (οὐ or μή) is freq. repeated in composition with Prons., Advbs., or Conjs., as οὐδείς or μηδείς, οὐδέ or μηδέ, οὐδαμῶς or μηδαμῶς, first in Hom., οὔ μιν ὁΐομαιοὐδὲ πεπύσθαι λυγρῆς ἀγγελίης Il. 17.641; ἀλλ' οὔ μοι Τρώων τόσσον μέλει ἄλγος ὀπίσσω οὔτ' αὐτῆς Ἑκάβης οὔτε Πριάμοιο ἄνακτος 6.450; οὐκ ἔστιν οὐδὲν κρεῖσσον οἰκείου φίλου E. Andr. 986: the first neg. may be a compd., καθεύδων οὐδεὶς οὐδενὸς ἄξιος οὐδὲν μᾶλλον τοῦ μὴ ζῶντος Pl. Lg. 808b; οὐδενὶ οὐδαμῇ οὐδαμῶς οὐδεμίαν κοινωνίαν ἔχει Id. Prm. 166a (similarly with μή, Phdr. 236e): or a neg. Adj., ἀδύνατος οὐδὲν ἄλλο πλὴν λέγειν μάτην E. Andr. 746; οὐ follows the compd. neg., οὐδ' εἰ πάντες ἔλθοιεν Πέρσαι, πλήθει γε οὐχ ὑπερβαλοίμεθ' ἂν τοὺς πολεμίους X. Cyr. 2.1.8; οὐδ' ἂν ἡ πόλις ἄρα (ὅπερ ἄρτι ἐλέγομεν) ὅλη τοιοῦτον ποιῇ, οὐκ ἐπαινέσῃ Pl. R. 426b, cf. Smp. 204a: sts. a confirmative Particle accompanies the first οὐ or οὐδέ, and the neg. is repeated with emphasis, οὐδὲ μὲν οὐδέ μ' ἔασκες Il. 19.295; οὐδὲ γὰρ οὐδὲ Δρύαντος υἱὸς.. δὴν ἧν 6.130, v. οὐδέ C. 11; οὐ μέντοι οὐδὲ αὖ ὡς σύ μοι δοκεῖς οἴεσθαι Pl. Prt. 332a: so also in Trag. and Att. without any such Particle, οὐ σμικρός, οὔχ, ἁγὼν ὅδε not small, no, is this struggle, S. OC 587; θεοῖς τέθνηκεν οὗτος, οὐ κείνοισιν, οὔ Id. Aj. 970, cf. Ar. Ra. 28, 1308, X. Smp. 2.4, Pl. R. 390c.

2. when the compd. neg. precedes and the simple neg. follows with the Verb, the opposing negs. produce an emphatic positive, οὐδεὶς ἀνθρώπων ἀδικῶν τίσιν οὐκ ἀποτείσει Orac. ap. Hdt. 5.56; γλώσσης κρυφαῖον οὐδὲν οὐ διέρχεται S. Fr. 935 (but prob. f.l.); οὐδεὶς οὐκ ἔπασχέ τι X. Smp. 1.9.

3. similarly each of two simple negs. may retain its negating force, ὥσπερ οὐ διὰ πρᾳότητα καὶ ἀσχολίαν τὴν ὑμετέραν οὐ δεδωκὼς ὑμῖν δίκην Lys. 6.34; ἐγὼ δ' οὐκ οἶμαι.. οὐ δεῖν ὑμᾶς ἀμύνεσθαι Id. 13.52 (similarly with μή, D. 19.77): sts. a combination of a μέν -clause with a δέ -clause containing οὐ is negatived as a whole by a preceding οὐ, e.g. οὐ γὰρ δήπου Κτησιφῶντα μὲν δύναται διώκειν δι' ἐμέ, ἐμὲ δέ, εἴπερ ἐξελέγξειν ἐνόμιζεν, αὐτὸν οὐκ ἂν ἐγράψατο Id. 18.13.

PLEONASM OF οὐ: after Verbs of denying, doubting, and disputing, folld. by ὡς or ὅτι with a finite Verb, οὐ is inserted to show the neg. character of the statement, where in Engl. the neg. is not required, ὡς μὲν οὐκ ἀληθῆ ταῦτ' ἐστὶν οὐκ ἔχετ' ἀντιλέγειν D. 8.31, cf. Th. 1.77, X. HG 2.3.16, Smp. 2.12, Isoc. 5.57, etc.; οὐδεὶς ἂν τολμήσειεν ἀντειπεῖν ὡς οὐ τὴν μὲν ἐμπειρίαν μᾶλλον τῶν ἄλλων ἔχομεν Id. 6.48, cf. And. 4.34, D. 16.4, etc.; οὐκ ἂν ἀρνηθεῖεν ἔνιοι ὡς οὐκ εἰσὶ τοιοῦτοι Id. 9.54; ἀρνεῖσθαι ὅτι οὐ παρῆν X. Ath. 2.17; οὐδ' αὐτὸς ὁ Λάμπις ἔξαρνος ἐγένετο

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

οὐ ,

before a vowel with smooth breathing οὐκ , before one with rough breathing οὐχ (but improperly οὐχ ἰδού , Acts 2:7, WH, mg.; cf. WH, Intr., § 409; M, Pr., 44, 244),

[in LXX for H3808, H369;]

neg. particle, not, no, used generally c. indic. and for a denial of fact (cf. μή );

1. absol. (accented), οὔ , no: Matthew 13:29, John 1:21; John 21:5; οὒ οὔ , Matthew 5:37, James 5:12.

2. Most freq. negativing a verb or other word, Matthew 1:25; Matthew 10:26; Matthew 10:38 Mark 3:25; Mark 9:37, John 8:29, Acts 7:5, Romans 1:16, Philippians 3:3, al.; in litotes, οὐκ ὀλίγοι (i.e. very many), Acts 17:4, al.; οὐκ ἄσημος , Acts 21:39; πᾶς . . . οὐ , c. verb. (like Heb. H3808 . . . H3605), no, none, Matthew 24:22, Mark 13:20, Luke 1:37, Ephesians 5:5, al.; in disjunctive statements, οὐκ . . . ἀλλά , Luke 8:52, John 1:33, Romans 8:20, al.; c. 2 pers. fut. (like Heb. H3808, c. impf.), as emhatic prohibition, Matthew 4:7, Luke 4:12, Romans 7:7, al.

3. With another negative,

(a) strengthening the negation: Mark 5:37, John 8:15; John 12:19, Acts 8:39, al.;

(b) making an affirmative: Acts 4:20, 1 Corinthians 12:15.

4. With other particles: οὐο μή (see μή ); οὐ μηκέτι , Matthew 21:19; with μή interrog., Romans 10:18, 1 Corinthians 9:4-5; 1 Corinthians 11:22.

5. Interrogative, expecting an affirmative answer (Lat. nonne): Matthew 6:26, Mark 4:21, Luke 11:40, John 4:35, Romans 9:21, al.

οὐχ , see οὐ .


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In its sole NT occurrence, Hebrews 6:6 (cf. Pss. Song of Solomon 2:14), this verb is used in the sense of ";expose to public ignominy."; Cf. Plut. Mor. 520 where Archilochus is described as rendering himself infamous—ἑαυτὸν παραδειγματίζοντος —by the character of the verses he writes : cf. the use of the simplex in Matthew 1:19, and see s.v. δειγματίζω.

We may cite one or two exx. of the subst. in the more ordinary sense of ";example"; : PSI IV. 422.38 (iii/B.C.) Ὧρός μω (= ο)ι τὸ παραδεῖγμα ἔδωκεν, P Fay 20.2 (Imperial edict—ii/A.D.) μοι παρέστη τὸ βούλευμα τοῦτο οὐδὲ ἀποδέοντι παραδειγμάτων, ";I have formed this intention, not wanting in precedents"; (Edd.), P Oxy II. 237viii. 8 (A.D. 186) παραδείγματι τῷ καλλίστῳ χρώμενος, ";following a most illustrious precedent,"; OGIS 508.8 (A.D. 162–3) ὡς μὴ ῥαιδίως ἀνάγεσθαί τινας τῶι παραδείγματι, and the epitaph to an athlete, Kaibel 940.4—

Τ ]οιάδε τις δείξας παραδε [ ]γματα παισὶν ἑαυτοῦ

μᾶλλον ὀρέξασθαι τῆς ἀρετῆς προτρέπει.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ακουσόμεθα απηλευθερώθη από αποθανείσθε διέρρηξαν έγνωσαν ἐγώ εκ εξ επεκαλέσαντο έχουσι ήξει ηρνήσω μετενόησαν μη ότι Ου οὐ οὔ οὒ οὐδὲ ουκ οὐκ οὖκ ουκέσπειρα ουκέστησεν ουκέτι ουκεφείσατο ουξ ουχ οὐχ όυχ ουχήμαρτες ουχήρπασε ουχί οὐχὶ πάντες ποιούμεν ώδινον ego egō egṓ ou oú où ouch ouchi ouchì oude oudè ouk oûk
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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