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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3388 - μήτρα
(A), Ion. μήρ-τρη, ἡ, (μήτηρ)
1. womb, Hp. Prorrh. 2.24, Hdt. 3.108 (dub.l.), Pl. Ti. 91d, etc.: also in pl., Hp. Loc.Hom. 47, Vict. 1.30, Hdt. l.c.: the cervix including the orifice of the womb, Arist. HA 510b14.
2. a swine's matrix, reckoned a great dainty, μήτρας τόμοις Telecl. 1.14; μήτραν.. πωλοῦσιν, ἥδιστον κρέας Antiph. 220; ὑπὲρ μήτρας.. ἀποθανεῖν Alex. 193, cf. Plu. 2.733e, Ath. 3.96f.
3. metaph., source, origin, D.L. 7.46; μῆτραι τῆς ψυχῆς Ph. 1.441.
II core, heart-wood of trees, Thphr. HP 1.6.1. diseased condition of the wood, 'soft-wood', ib. 2.7.3.
III queen-wasp, opp. ἐργάται, Arist. HA 627b32,al. μ. χελωνίων, χελωνίοις, bolts for locks, BGU 1028.20, 26 (ii A.D.); μ. θύρας, = repagulum, Gloss.
(B), ἡ, in pl.,
register of house-property, at Tarsus and Soli, Arist. in POxy. 1802.58; sg., = κλῆρος, at Tarsus and Soli, Clitarch. ap. Hsch. (Cf. Skt. mâtrâ 'measure' and ἐρεσιμήτρη.)
μήτρα , -ας , ἡ
(< μήτμρ ),
[in LXX chiefly for H7358;]
the womb: Luke 2:23 (LXX), Romans 4:19.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Thieme (p. 40) quotes instances of this proper name from Magnesia (Magn 122 d.14—not later than iv/A.D.) and Hierapolis (Hierap. 80), proving that its occurrence outside Rome was well established, and consequently that the common identification of τοὺς ἐκ τῶν Ναρκίσσου (Romans 16:11) with the household of the well-known freedman of that name is by no means certain. Rouffiac (p. 90) cites also an ex. from Thasos IG XII. 8, 548, 2 : cf. Zahn Introd. i. p. 419, The word, as a plant-name, is probably derived from a Mediterranean tongue : for the termination -σσος cf. κυπάρισσος. As the plant is sedative, the influence of νάρκη upon the stem may be traced (Boisacq, p. 657).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Fifth Week after Epiphany