the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #3389 - μητραλῴας
- matricide, the murderer of a mother
From G3384 and the base of G257
μητραλωας (also μητραλοίας), L T Tr WH (see WH's Appendix, p. 152) μητρολῴας, μητρολου, ὁ (μήτηρ, and ἀλοιάω to thresh, smite), a matricide: 1 Timothy 1:9. (Aeschylus, Plato, Lucian, others.)
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(Rec. -αλῴας , in cl., -αλοίας , v. B1., § 3, 3; 6, 2), -ου , ὁ
(< μήτρρ + ἀλοιάω , to smite);
(a) a matricide: 1 Timothy 1:9 (AV, R, txt., but v. infr.);
(b) a smiter of his mother: 1 Timothy 1:9 (R, mg., cf. Exodus 21:15, and v. Ellic., CGT, in l).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
With the metaphorical use of this verb, ";make shipwreck of,"; ";come to ruin,"; in 1 Timothy 1:19, we may compare the frequent occurrence of the same figure in popular Greek philosophy, e.g. Ps. Kebes 24, 2 ὡς κακῶς διατρίβουσι καὶ ἀθλίως ζῶσι καὶ ὡς ναυαγοῦσιν ἐν τῷ βίῳ, ";how wretchedly they live and how miserably they drag out their existence—derelicts, as it were, on life’s ocean"; (Clark). Other exx. in Dibelius HZNT ad 1 Tim l.c. The literal sense, as in 2 Corinthians 11:25, is well illustrated in P Oxy IV. 839 (early i/A.D.), where, after describing an accident to a boat, the writer continues—.6ff. ὡς ἐναυάγησεν κατὰ Πτολεμαίδα καὶ ἦλθέ μοι γυμνὸς κεκινδυνευκώς, εὐθέως ἠγόρασα αὐτῶι στολήν.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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