Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #3423 - μνηστεύω

Transliteration
mnēsteúō
Phonetics
mnace-tyoo'-o
Origin
from a derivative of (G3415)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to woo her and ask her in marriage
  2. to be promised in marriage, be betrothed
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 781 ‑ אָרַשׂ (aw‑ras');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (3)
Matthew
1
Luke
2
NAS (3)
Matthew
1
Luke
2
HCS (3)
Matthew
1
Luke
2
BSB (3)
Matthew
1
Luke
2
ESV (2)
Matthew
1
Luke
1
WEB (2)
Luke
2
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

μνηστ-εύω,

Dor. μναστ-, aor. ἐμνήστευσα: pf. μεμνήστευκα D.S. 18.23: Med., fut. μνηστεύσομαι Palaeph. 29: pf. μεμνήστευμαι Luc. (v. infr.), in Pass. sense, Luke 1:27, Luke 2:5 (v.l. ἐμν -):

I court, seek in marriage, c. acc., ἀγαθήν τε γυναῖκα καὶ ἀφνειοῖο θύγατρα μνηστεύειν Od. 18.277; τὴν πλεῖστοι.. μνήστευον Hes. Fr. 33.2; ἐμνήστευσε τὴν γυναῖκα λαβεῖν X. HG 6.4.37; μ. γάμους E. IA 847, cf. Pl. Lg. 773b; woo and win, espouse, Thgn. 1112, Theoc. 18.6: Med., court for oneself, Περσεφόνης γάμον Apollod. 2.5.12, cf. J. AJ 4.8.23, Palaeph. l. c.: censured by Luc. Sol. 9, but used by him, Merc.Cond. 23, Tox. 37; ὁ τὴν κόρην μεμνηστευμένος Id. Asin. 26; - ευσαμένου μου τῷ.. υἱῷ.. τὴν.. θυγατέρα PFlor. 36.4 (iv A. D.): Pass., of the woman, μναστευθείσᾳ' ξ Ἑλλάνων E. IT 208 (lyr.), cf. Isoc. 10.39.

II promise in marriage, betroth, τινά τινι E. El. 313; γάμον μνηστεύειν (with or without τινι) to bring about a marriage for another, help him to a wife, Call. Dian. 265, A.R. 2.511: Pass., τῇ μεμνηστευμένῃ αὐτῷ γυναικί his betrothed wife, Luke 2:5. metaph., τοσόνδε κίνδυνον αὐτῷ ὁ ὄλεθρος τῶν ἀδελφῶν μ. J. AJ 17.1.1; ἡδονήν [τινι] μ. τῷ κάλλει Jul. 180; ἡμῖν τοῦ μέλους τὸ ἐνδόσιμον μ. ib. 186.

III generally, sue, canvass for a thing, c. acc., χειροτονίαν Isoc. 8.15: c. inf., μνηστευόμενος ἄρχειν ἑκόντων Plu. Caes. 58: also in Med., μ. πόλεμον, διαλλαγάς, J. BJ 2.17.3, AJ 5.7.4. λόγον μ. τινί pass off a speech upon a person, hawk it to him, Socr. 30.13.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

μνηστεύω ,

[in LXX for H781 pi., pu.;]

1. to woo and win, espouse.

2. to promise in marriage, betroth; pass., of the woman, to be betrothed: c. dat. pers., Matthew 1:18, Luke 1:27; Luke 2:5.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the rare form νήστης see the medical receipt P Oxy VIII. 1088.44 (early i/A.D.) ταῦτα νήστηι δίδου πεῖν, ";give them to the patient to drink fasting"; (Ed.) : cf. Syll 805 (=.3 1171).9 (Rom.) ἔδωκεν εὔζωμον νήστῃ τρώγειν, ";he gave rocket to the fasting man to eat."; MGr νηστικός, ";sober,"; ";hungry.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εμνηστευμενη ἐμνηστευμένῃ εμνηστευμενην ἐμνηστευμένην μεμνηστευμένη μεμνηστευμένην μεμνήστευται Μνηστευθεισης Μνηστευθείσης μνηστεύσομαί emnesteumene emnēsteumenē emnesteuménei emnēsteuménēi emnesteumenen emnesteuménen emnēsteumenēn emnēsteuménēn Mnesteutheises Mnesteutheíses Mnēsteutheisēs Mnēsteutheísēs
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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