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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #781 - אָרַשׂ

Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to betroth, engage

1a) (Piel) to betroth (man or woman)

1b) (Pual) to be betrothed

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2983 ‑ λαμβάνω (lam‑ban'‑o);  3423 ‑ μνηστεύω (mnace‑tyoo'‑o);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (11)
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 6
2 Samuel 1
Hosea 3
NAS (11)
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 6
2 Samuel 1
Hosea 3
CSB (11)
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 6
2 Samuel 1
Hosea 3
BSB (11)
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 6
2 Samuel 1
Hosea 3
ESV (9)
Deuteronomy 5
2 Samuel 1
Hosea 3
WEB (11)
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 6
2 Samuel 1
Hosea 3
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1458) sr (רסה RSh) AC: Inherit CO: Head AB: ?: The pictograph r is a picture of the head. The head of the tribe (chief) or family (father) is passed from generation to generation. The head grants permission for the betrothal of his daughters and determines the inheritor of the tribe or family. The head of a person, place, thing or time. (eng: raise - with the exchange of the s and sh)

A) sr (רסה RSh) AC: ? CO: Head AB: ?

Nf2 ) tsr (רסהת RShT) - Net: [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (21): net - Strongs: H7568 (רֶשֶׁת)

fjm) nfisr (רסהיונ RShYWN) - Permission: KJV (1): grant - Strongs: H7558 (רִשְׁיוֹן)

B) ssr (רסהסה RShSh) AC: ? CO: Head AB: ?

ibm ) sisrt (תרסהיסה TRShYSh) - Tarshish: An unknown precious stone. A chief of trade goods. KJV (7): beryle - Strongs: H8658 (תַּרְשִׁישׁ)

C) sra (ארסה ARSh) AC: Request CO: ? AB: ?: A granting permission to marry.

V) sra (ארסה ARSh) - Betroth: To request a woman for marriage. [df: Vra] KJV (11): (vf: Pual, Piel) betroth, espouse - Strongs: H781 (אָרַשׂ)

Nf2 ) tsra (ארסהת ARShT) - Request: KJV (1): request - Strongs: H782 (אֲרֶשֶׁת)

D) sar (ראסה RASh) AC: ? CO: Head AB: ?

Nm ) sar (ראסה RASh) - Head: The top of the body. A person in authority or role of leader. The top, beginning or first of something. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: syr] KJV (619): head, chief, top, beginning, company, captain, sum, first, principal, chapiters, rulers - Strongs: H7217 (רֵאשׁ), H7218 (רֹאשׁ), H7389 (רִישׁ)

Nf3 ) tfsar (ראסהות RAShWT) - Headrest: A place where the head is laid. KJV (1): bolster - Strongs: H7226 (רַאֲשׁוֹת)

Nf4) tisar (ראסהית RAShYT) - Beginning: The head of a space such as the head of a river or time such as an event. KJV (51): beginning, firstfruits, first, chief - Strongs: H7225 (רֵאשִׁית)

af1) esarm (מראסהה MRAShH) - Head: As a leader. KJV (1): principality - Strongs: H4761 (מְרַאֲשׁוֹת)

ef1) esair (ריאסהה RYAShH) - Beginning: The head of a space such as the head of a river or time such as an event. KJV (185): first, former, beginning, chief, before, old, foremost, aforetime - Strongs: H7223 (רִאשֹׁן)

ejm) nfsair (ריאסהונ RYAShWN) - First: The head of a time or position. KJV (185): first, former, beginning, chief, before, old, foremost, aforetime - Strongs: H7223 (רִאשֹׁן)

gm) safr (רואסה RWASh) - Venom: The poison of serpents that comes sacks located in the head. Also by extension any type of poison. KJV (12): gall, venom, poison, hemlock - Strongs: H7219 (רוֹשׁ)

gf1) esafr (רואסהה RWAShH) - Head: KJV (1): beginnings - Strongs: H7222 (רֹאשָׁה)

kf1) esarm (מראסהה MRAShH) - Headrest: A place where the head is laid. KJV (8): bolster, pillow, head - Strongs: H4763 (מְרַאֲשׁוֹת)

emfm) insair (ריאסהני RYAShNY) - First: The head of a time or position. KJV (1): first - Strongs: H7224 (רִאשׁוֹנִי)

J) sfr (רוסה RWSh) AC: ? CO: Poor AB: ?: One who hangs down the head and is in need.

Nm) sfr (רוסה RWSh) - Poor: KJV (24): poor, lack, needy - Strongs: H7326 (רוּשׁ)

L) sri (ירסה YRSh) AC: Inherit CO: ? AB: Inheritance: The inheritor becomes the head of the family. [See also src]

V) sri (ירסה YRSh) - Inherit: KJV (232): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) possession, out, inherit, heir, possession, succeed, dispossess, poverty, drive, enjoy, poor, expel - Strongs: H3423 (יָרֵשׁ)

Nf1) esri (ירסהה YRShH) - Inheritance: KJV (2): possession - Strongs: H3424 (יְרֵשָׁה)

am) srfm (מורסה MWRSh) - Inheritance: KJV (3): possession, thought - Strongs: H4180 (מוֹרָשׁ)

af1) esrfm (מורסהה MWRShH) - Inheritance: KJV (9): possession, inheritance, heritage - Strongs: H4181 (מוֹרָשָׁה)

df1) esfri (ירוסהה YRWShH) - Inheritance: KJV (14): possession, heritage, inheritance - Strongs: H3425 (יְרֻשָּׁה)

icm) sfrit (תירוסה TYRWSh) - Wine: A freshly pressed wine. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (38): wine - Strongs: H8492 (תִּירֹשׁ)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [אָרַשׂ] verb betroth (Mishna ארס, Phoenician ארש in proper name, Lag Sem i. 50 connects with Arabic a fine, literally pay the price, & so gain the right of possession; compare Aramaic אָרִיס one who farms land; Assyrian mirsu, tribute, Zehnpf BAS i. 518) — only

Pi`el Pu`al; Pi`el Perfect 3 masculine singular אֵרֵשׂ Deuteronomy 20:7; אֵרַשְׂתִּי 2 Samuel 3:14; suffix אֵרַשְׂתִּיךְ Hosea 2:21 (twice in verse); Hosea 2:22; Imperfect 2 masculine singular תְּאָרֵשׂ Deuteronomy 28:30; — betroth (subject man) object woman, אִשָּׁה Deuteronomy 20:7; Deuteronomy 28:30; followed by ב of price paid to father & ל of husband 2 Samuel 3:14; ב of gift to bride & ל of husband Hosea 2:21; Hosea 2:22, where figurative of Yahweh's covenant mercy to Israel.

Pu`al Perfect 3 feminine singular אֹרָ֑שָׂה be betrothed, with לֹא, subject בְּתוּלָה Exodus 22:15; Deuteronomy 22:28 (נער בתולה); Participle feminine מְאֹרָשָׂה Deuteronomy 22:23, where affirmed of נער בתולה (followed by ל of husband) Deuteronomy 22:25; Deuteronomy 22:27 (in both subject הַנַּעֲרָ֯).

ארשׁ ( to desire, request, Assyrian êrêšu Dl Proverbs 55).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אָרַשׂ a root not used in Kal, as rightly observed by Manger on Hosea 2:21 pr. i.q. עָרַשׂ, عرش to erect, to build, whence עֶרֶשׂ a bed, couch with a canopy. From the idea of a bed-fellow عَرْسُ a husband or wife, عَرُوسُ one espoused; hence

Piel, אֵרֵשׂ to espouse a woman; pr. to make a spouse. Constr. with אֵרֵשׂ אִשָּׁה Deuteronomy 20:7, 28:30 אֵרֵשׂ לוֹ אִשָּׁה Hosea 2:21, 22 2 Samuel 3:14. There is added בּ of price [paid for the wife] 2 Sa. loc. cit.

Pual, אֹרַשׂ f. in Pause אֹרָשָׂה to be betrothed, Exodus 22:15; Deuteronomy 22:28. Part. מְאֹרָשָׂה, Deu, 22:23, 25 Deuteronomy 22:25, 27 Deuteronomy 22:27. (Ch. אֲרַס Pi. and Pa. id).

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List of Word Forms
אֵרַ֣שְׂתִּי אֵרַ֤שׂ אֹרָ֔שָׂה אֹרָ֖שָׂה ארש ארשה ארשתי הַמְאֹ֣רָשָׂ֔ה המארשה וְאֵרַשְׂתִּ֥יךְ וארשתיך מְאֹרָשָׂ֖ה מארשה תְאָרֵ֗שׂ תארש ’ê·raś ’ê·raś·tî ’êraś ’êraśtî ’ō·rā·śāh ’ōrāśāh eRas eRasti ham’ōrāśāh ham·’ō·rā·śāh hamOraSah mə’ōrāśāh mə·’ō·rā·śāh meoraSah oRasah ṯə’ārêś ṯə·’ā·rêś teaRes veerasTich wə’êraśtîḵ wə·’ê·raś·tîḵ
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