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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #781 - אָרַשׂ
1) to betroth, engage
1a) (Piel) to betroth (man or woman)
1b) (Pual) to be betrothed
1458) sr (רסה RSh) AC: Inherit CO: Head AB: ?: The pictograph r is a picture of the head. The head of the tribe (chief) or family (father) is passed from generation to generation. The head grants permission for the betrothal of his daughters and determines the inheritor of the tribe or family. The head of a person, place, thing or time. (eng: raise - with the exchange of the s and sh)
Nm ) sar (ראסה RASh) - Head: The top of the body. A person in authority or role of leader. The top, beginning or first of something. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: syr] KJV (619): head, chief, top, beginning, company, captain, sum, first, principal, chapiters, rulers - Strongs: H7217 (רֵאשׁ), H7218 (רֹאשׁ), H7389 (רִישׁ)
ef1) esair (ריאסהה RYAShH) - Beginning: The head of a space such as the head of a river or time such as an event. KJV (185): first, former, beginning, chief, before, old, foremost, aforetime - Strongs: H7223 (רִאשֹׁן)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Pi`el Pu`al; Pi`el Perfect 3 masculine singular אֵרֵשׂ Deuteronomy 20:7; אֵרַשְׂתִּי 2 Samuel 3:14; suffix אֵרַשְׂתִּיךְ Hosea 2:21 (twice in verse); Hosea 2:22; Imperfect 2 masculine singular תְּאָרֵשׂ Deuteronomy 28:30; — betroth (subject man) object woman, אִשָּׁה Deuteronomy 20:7; Deuteronomy 28:30; followed by ב of price paid to father & ל of husband 2 Samuel 3:14; ב of gift to bride & ל of husband Hosea 2:21; Hosea 2:22, where figurative of Yahweh's covenant mercy to Israel.
Pu`al Perfect 3 feminine singular אֹרָ֑שָׂה be betrothed, with לֹא, subject בְּתוּלָה Exodus 22:15; Deuteronomy 22:28 (נער בתולה); Participle feminine מְאֹרָשָׂה Deuteronomy 22:23, where affirmed of נער בתולה (followed by ל of husband) Deuteronomy 22:25; Deuteronomy 22:27 (in both subject הַנַּעֲרָ֯).
ארשׁ ( to desire, request, Assyrian êrêšu Dl Proverbs 55).
אָרַשׂ a root not used in Kal, as rightly observed by Manger on Hosea 2:21 pr. i.q. עָרַשׂ, عرش to erect, to build, whence עֶרֶשׂ a bed, couch with a canopy. From the idea of a bed-fellow عَرْسُ a husband or wife, عَرُوسُ one espoused; hence
Piel, אֵרֵשׂ to espouse a woman; pr. to make a spouse. Constr. with אֵרֵשׂ אִשָּׁה Deuteronomy 20:7, 28:30 אֵרֵשׂ לוֹ אִשָּׁה Hosea 2:21, 22 2 Samuel 3:14. There is added בּ of price [paid for the wife] 2 Sa. loc. cit.
Pual, אֹרַשׂ f. in Pause אֹרָשָׂה to be betrothed, Exodus 22:15; Deuteronomy 22:28. Part. מְאֹרָשָׂה, Deu, 22:23, 25 Deuteronomy 22:25, 27 Deuteronomy 22:27. (Ch. אֲרַס Pi. and Pa. id).