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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3431 - μοιχεύω
- to commit adultery
- to be an adulterer
- to commit adultery with, have unlawful intercourse with another's wife
- of the wife: to suffer adultery, be debauched
- A Hebrew idiom, the word is used of those who at a woman's solicitation are drawn away to idolatry, i.e. to the eating of things sacrificed to idols
1. commit adultery with a woman, debauch her, c. acc., Ar. Av. 558, Lys. 1.15, Pl. R. 360b: — Pass., of the woman, Ar. Pax 980 (anap.); μοιχευθῆναί τινι Arist. HA 586a3; μεμοιχεῦσθαι ὑπ' ἀλλήλων, of birds, ib. 619a10.
2. metaph., worship idolatrously, τὸ ξύλον καὶ τὸν λίθον LXX Jeremiah 3:9.
II intr., commit adultery, Xenoph. 11.3; ἐμοίχευσάς τι Ar. Nu. 1076, cf. X. Mem. 2.1.5, Arist. EN 1129b21.
III metaph., in fut. Med. (in pass. sense), οὐ μοιχεύσεταί μου τὰ φιλήματα her kisses shall not be adulterously stolen from me, Ach.Tat. 4.8.
(< μοιχός ),
[in LXX: Exodus 20:13, Leviticus 20:10, al. (H5003);]
to commit adultery: absol., Matthew 5:27; Matthew 19:18, Mark 10:19, Luke 16:18; Luke 18:20, Romans 2:22; Romans 13:9, James 2:11; c. acc fem., Matthew 5:28. Pass., of the woman, Matthew 5:32; Matthew 19:9 WH, mg.), John 8:4. Metaph., of idolatry (see μιοιχαλίς , and cf. Jeremiah 3:9, a1.), seq. μετ᾿ αὐτῆς , Revelation 2:22.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
See s.v. Νικόλαος.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
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