the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #5003 - נָאַף
1) to commit adultery
1a1) to commit adultery
1a1a) usually of man
1a1a1) always with wife of another
1a1b) adultery (of women) (participle)
1a2) idolatrous worship (figuratively)
1b1) to commit adultery
1b1a) of man
1b1b) adultery (of women) (participle)
1b2) idolatrous worship (figuratively)
2365) pan (נאפ NAP) AC: Adultery CO: ? AB: ?: [from: pa- heated passion]
V) pan (נאפ NAP) - Adultery: To commit adultery. KJV (31): (vf: Paal, Piel, Participle) adultery, adulterer, adulteress, adulterous, break wedlock - Strongs: H5003 (נָאַף)
edm) pfain (ניאופ NYAWP) - Adultery: KJV (2): adulteries - Strongs: H5004 (נִאֻפִים)
ldm) pfpan (נאפופ NAPWP) - Adultery: KJV (1): adulteries - Strongs: H5005 (נַאֲפוּפִים)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִנְאַף Leviticus 20:10 (twice in verse); 3 masculine plural וַיִּנְאָ֑פוּ Jeremiah 5:7 3t. Imperfect; Infinitive absolute נָאוֺף Jeremiah 23:14; נָאֹף Hosea 4:2; Jeremiah 7:9; Participle נֹאֵף Proverbs 6:32; Job 24:15; feminine singular נֹאָ֑פֶת Leviticus 20:10; feminine plural נֹאֲפוֺת Ezekiel 16:38 2t.; —
1 literally commit adultery:
a. usually of man, always with wife of another; with accusative woman, Leviticus 20:10 (twice in verse) (H), Proverbs 6:32; elsewhere absolute Exodus 20:14 = Deuteronomy 5:17 (Ten Words), Jeremiah 5:7; Jeremiah 7:9; Jeremiah 23:14; Hosea 4:2; participle masculine Leviticus 20:10 (H), Job 24:15.
b. of women, only participle Leviticus 20:10 (H), Ezekiel 16:38; Ezekiel 23:45 (twice in verse).
2 figurative of idolatrous worship, את האבן ואת העץ Jeremiah 3:9.
Piel Perfect 3 feminine singular נִאֲפָה Jeremiah 3:8; 3 masculine plural נִאֵ֑פוּ Ezekiel 23:37 (twice in verse); Imperfect 3 masculine plural יְנַאֲפוּ Jeremiah 29:23; 3 feminine plural תְּנָאַפְנָה Hosea 4:13,14; Participle מְנָאֵף Isaiah 57:3; plural מְנָאֲפִים Jeremiah 9:1 4t.; feminine מְנָאָ֑פֶת Proverbs 30:20 2t.; —
1 literally commit adultery:
a. of man, with accusative woman, Jeremiah 29:23; absolute Ezekiel 23:37; pt plural Jeremiah 9:2; Jeremiah 23:10; Hosea 7:4; Malachi 3:5; Psalm 50:18.
b. of woman, absolute Hosea 4:13,14; participle Hosea 3:1; Proverbs 30:20; plural Ezekiel 16:32.
2 figurative of idolatrous worship, אֶתגִּֿלּוּלֵיהֶם Ezekiel 23:37; absolute Jeremiah 3:8, זֶאֶרַעמְנָאֵף Isaiah 57:3.
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נָאַף fut. יִנְאַף, and Piel נִאֵף, part. מְנָאֵף, to commit adultery, used both of the male and female, Exodus 20:13, followed by an acc., to commit adultery with a woman, Proverbs 6:32; Leviticus 20:10; Jeremiah 29:23. In the same manner as זָנָה to commit fornication, it is applied to the turning aside of Israel from the true God to the worship of idols, Jeremiah 3:8, אֲשֶׁר נִאֲפָה מְשֻׁבָה יִשְׂרָאֵל “because rebellious Israel commits adultery;” Jeremiah 5:7, 9:1 23:14. Followed by an acc. Jeremiah 3:9, וַתִּנְאַף אֶת־הָאֶבֶן וְאֶת־הָעֵץ “and she commits adultery with stone and wood;” Ezekiel 23:37. Hence
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.