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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #5003 - נָאַף
1) to commit adultery
1a1) to commit adultery
1a1a) usually of man
1a1a1) always with wife of another
1a1b) adultery (of women) (participle)
1a2) idolatrous worship (figuratively)
1b1) to commit adultery
1b1a) of man
1b1b) adultery (of women) (participle)
1b2) idolatrous worship (figuratively)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
נָאַף fut. יִנְאַף, and Piel נִאֵף, part. מְנָאֵף, to commit adultery, used both of the male and female, Exodus 20:13, followed by an acc., to commit adultery with a woman, Proverbs 6:32; Leviticus 20:10; Jeremiah 29:23. In the same manner as זָנָה to commit fornication, it is applied to the turning aside of Israel from the true God to the worship of idols, Jeremiah 3:8, אֲשֶׁר נִאֲפָה מְשֻׁבָה יִשְׂרָאֵל “because rebellious Israel commits adultery;” Jeremiah 5:7, 9:1 23:14. Followed by an acc. Jeremiah 3:9, וַתִּנְאַף אֶת־הָאֶבֶן וְאֶת־הָעֵץ “and she commits adultery with stone and wood;” Ezekiel 23:37. Hence
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29