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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #3491 - ναῦς

from nao or neo (to float)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
  1. a ship, vessel of considerable size
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 592 ‑ אֲנִיָּה (an‑ee‑yaw');  652 ‑ אֹפֶל (o'‑fel);  2914 ‑ טְחֹרִים (tekh‑ore');  6041 ‑ עָנִי (aw‑nee');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
NAS (1)
HCS (1)
BSB (1)
ESV (1)
WEB (1)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ναῦς, ἡ,

(v. infr.)

ship, Hom., etc. (but rare in non-literary Hellenistic Greek, once in NT, Acts 27:41, πλοῖον being generally used); ἐν νήεσσι or ἐν νηυσίν at the ships, i.e. in the camp formed by the ships drawn up on shore, Il. 2.688, 11.659; νῆες μακραί ships of war, built long and taper for speed, Th. 1.41, etc.; opp. νῆες στρογγύλαι round-built merchant- ships, Hdt. 1.163, etc.; νέες alone, = τριήρεις, opp. πεντηκόντεροι, Id. 8.1; νῆες κεναί, i.e. without fighting men in them, D. 3.5; ναῦς μακρά collective for μακραί, A. Pers. 380.

Att. d[*][*][*] νεω[]ν (νηω[]ν is v.l. in Lys. 13.15), ναυοί, ναυ[]ς; in later writers, [*]m. pl. ναῦς, acc. pl. νῆας, D.S. 13.13, Plb. 5.2.4, etc., cf. Phryn. 147: — νηῦς, νηός, νηΐ, νῆα, pl. νῆες, νηῶν, νηυσί or νήεσσι, νῆας (but also gen. and acc. sg. νεός, νέα [the latter as monosyll. in Od. 9.283 ], pl. νέες, νεῶν, νέεσσι, νέας); gen. and dat. pl. ναῦφι, -φιν, Il. 2.794, 16.281, Od. 14.498; in late , nom. νῆυς dub. l. in Mosch. 2.104, cf. EM 440.17; acc. sg. and pl. νηῦν, νηῦς, A.R. 1.1358, Herod. 2.3, Dem. Bith. 4.6: Hdn.Gr. 1.401, 2.675, 553 also gives νεῦς, νεΐ (v.l. in Hdt. 7.184), and νευσί (Hp. 27, Sammelb. 5829):

Ion. νηῦς, νεός, νηΐ, νέα, pl. νέες, νεῶν, νηυσί (νηυσίν Epigr. in IG 12(8).683 (Thasos, vi/v B. C.)), νέας (but νηός Archil. (?) in PLit.Lond. 54; νηός is freq. in codd. of Hdt., νηῶν 7.160):

Dor. ναῦς (νᾶς Hdn.Gr. 1.400), νᾱός Pi. P. 4.185, al., νᾱΐ Id. O. 13.54, al. (νᾷ perh. to be read in Alcm. 23 iii 27), ναῦν Pi. P. 4.245, Fr. 234 (νᾶν Hdn.Gr. 1.328, νᾶα B. 16.89); pl. νᾶες Pi. O. 12.4,al., ναῶν Id. P. 1.74, ναυσί, ναυσίν, Id. N. 7.29, P. 3.68 (νάεσσι ib. 4.56), νᾶας f.l. in Theoc. 22.17:

Aeol. sg. gen. νᾶος, dat. νᾶϊ, pl. dat. νάεσσι, Alc. 19, 18, 79, gen. νᾱων Id. Supp. 12.9, Sapph. Supp. 5.2:

Trag. commonly use Dor. forms in lyr., Att. in dialogue (but sts. ναός, ναῶν, A. Th. 62, Pers. 340, etc.); the forms νηός S. Fr. 761, νηῶν E. IT 1485, νῆας A. Supp. 744 (lyr.), νηυσίν Id. Pers. 370 (cod. M) are prob. corrupt. (Cf. Skt. naús, Lat. nâvis, etc.)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ναῦς , νεώς ,

acc ναῦν , ,

[in LXX for H6041, H592;]

a ship: Acts 27:41 (elsewhere in NT always τ . πλοῖον ; v. M, Proverbs 25:1-28 f.; Bl., Gosp., 186 f.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For this NT ἅπ. εἰρ. (Hebrews 12:1) cf. P Land 130.107 (horoscope—i/ii A.D.) (=1. p. 136) ἐπίτριτος ὄγκωι, and see Kaibel 810.8 cited s.v. κλισία. The meaning ";bulk"; is seen in Menander Fragm. p. 113, No. 394—

οὐπώποτ᾽ ἐζήλωσα πολυτελῆ νεκρόν ·

εἰς τὸν ἴσον ὄγκον τῷ σφόδρ᾽ ἔρχετ᾽ εὐτελεῖ.

";I never envied an expensive corpse : it comes to the same bulk (i.e. a handful of ashes) as a very cheap one."; For the verb ὀγκόω cf. Kaibel 314.23—

ἀλλ᾽ ἑτέραν πάλι μοι νόσον ἤγαγε γαστρὸς μοῖρα,

σπλάγχνα μου ὀγκώσασα καὶ ἐκτήξασα τὰ λοιπά.

Cf. ib. 234.2 (iii/A.D.) ὀγκωτὰ. . κόνις.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ναυν ναύν ναῦν ναυς ναύς ναυσί ναυσίν νήας νήες νηϊ νηός νηών naun naûn
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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