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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3510 - νεφρός

of uncertain affinity
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
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  1. a kidney
  2. kidneys, loins
    1. used of the inmost thoughts, feelings, purposes, of the soul
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3629 ‑ כִּלְיָה (kil‑yaw');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (1)
Revelation 1
BSB (1)
Revelation 1
CSB (1)
Revelation 1
ESV (1)
Revelation 1
KJV (1)
Revelation 1
LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
LSB (1)
Revelation 1
N95 (1)
Revelation 1
NAS (1)
Revelation 1
NLT (1)
Revelation 2
WEB (1)
Revelation 1
YLT (1)
Revelation 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

νεφρ-ός, ὁ, in pl.,

kidneys, Diog.Apoll. 6, Hp. Aph. 4.78, Pl. Ti. 91a, etc.: in dual, Ar. Ra. 475: rarely in sg., Id. Lys. 962, Euphro 1.25: euphem. for ὄρχεις, Philippid. 5.4: metaph., LXX Psalms 16:7(15).7. (Cf. OHG. nioro 'kidney', Praenest. nefrones, Lanuv. nebrundines 'kidneys', 'testicles'.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

νεφρός, νεφρου, , a kidney (Plato, Aristophanes); plural the kidneys, the loins, as the Sept. for כְּלָיות, used of the inmost thoughts, feelings, purposes, of the soul: with the addition of καρδίας, Revelation 2:23, with which cf. Psalm 7:10; Jeremiah 11:20; Jeremiah 17:10; Wis. 1:6.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

νεφρός , -οῦ , ,

[in LXX for H3629, Exodus 29:13, al.; metaph., Psalms 7:9; Psalms 16:7; Psalms 26:2, Wisdom of Solomon 1:6, al.;]

a kidney; pl., the kidneys, reins; metaph., of the will and affections: ν . καί καρδίαι (thoughts), Revelation 2:23.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The use of οἰκέτης to denote"; a household or domestic slave"; (Lat. famulus) in Luke 16:13 οὐδεὶς οἰκέτης δύναται δυσὶ κυρίοις δουλεύειν, ";no domestic can be a slave to two masters,"; is well illustrated by P Lille I. 29i. 2 (iii/B.C.) ἐὰν δέ τις περὶ ἀδικήματος ἑ [τέ ]ρο [υ ] οἰκέτηι ὄντι δίκην γραψάμενος, ὡς ἐλευθέρωι, καταδικάσηται, ἐξέστω τῶι κυρίωι ἀναδικῆσαι ἐν ἡμέραις ε ̄, ";si quelqu’un en raison d’un dommage a intenté une action à l’esclave d’un autre, comme à un homme libre, et l’a fait condamner, qu’il soit permis au maître de l’esclave d’interjeter appel dans un délai de cinq jours"; (Ed.). For the adj. οἰκετικός, see P Grenf I. 21.6 (B.C. 126) ἀπὸ τῶν οἰκετικῶν σωμάτων δ ̄. On the different terms for ";slave"; in the NT, see Trench Syn. § ix., and cf. Thackeray Gr. i. p. 7 f.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
νεφροί νεφροίς νεφρους νεφρούς νεφροὺς νεφρών νεχωθά nephrous nephroùs
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