the Fourth Week of Lent
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #3565 - νύμφη
- a betrothed woman, a bride
- a recently married woman, young wife
- a young woman
- a daughter-in-law
( voc. νύμφᾰ Il. 3.130, Od. 4.743 (Aeol. acc. to Choerob. in Theod. 1.304); later also as nom., AP 14.43; but Dor. νύμφᾱ),
1. young wife, bride, Il. 18.492, Hdt. 4.172; ν. ἄγεσθαι Ar. Pl. 529; Ἀελίοιο Pi. O. 7.14; opp. νυμφίος, Pl. Lg. 783e; opp. παρθένος, Praxill. 5, Com.Adesp. 1215; always relatively young, as Iris calls Helen, or as Eurycleia calls Penelope, νύμφα φίλη Il. 3.130, Od. 4.743, cf. E. Med. 150, Andr. 140 (both lyr.).
2. marriageable maiden, Il. 9.560, Hes. Th. 298.
3. daughter-in-law, LXX 1 Samuel 4:19, Matthew 10:35.
4. young girl, πενταέτης ν. IG 14.2040.2.
1. Nymph or goddess of lower rank, θεαὶ Νύμφαι Il. 24.616, cf. Hes. Th. 130, Fr. 171.5, al., IG 12(8).358 (Thasos, V B.C.); N. κοῦραι Διὸς αἰγιόχοιο Od. 6.105; N. ἅλιαι S. Ph. 1470 (anap.; cf. Ναϊάς, Νηρηΐς); N. Ὀρεστιάδες, Ὀρειάδες, Il. 6.420, Bion 1.19, cf. Ar. Av. 1098 (lyr.); N. Μελίαι Hes. Th. 187, cf. Ἀδρυάδες, Ἁμαδρυάδες, Δρυάδες; N. ὑάδες, ὑδριάδες, Id. Fr. 180, Porph. Antr. 18; N. λειμωνιάδες, πετραῖαι, S. Ph. 1454 (anap.), E. El. 805.
2. esp. of springs, ὀνομάζεσθαι τὰς πηγὰς N. Ath. 11.465a, cf. Lib. Or. 11.28: hence, poetically, water, AP 9.258 (Antiphan.), 331 (Mel.), cf. Plu. 2.147f.
3. in mystical theology, Ζεὺς ἄμβροτος ἔπλετο ν. Orph. Fr. 21a4. applied to souls seeking birth, Porph. Antr. 18; cf. νυμφεύω.
III doll, puppet, AP 6.274 (Pers.), Jul. Caes. 332d. young bee or wasp, in the pupa stage, Arist. HA 551b2, 555a3. winged male of the ant, Hsch. kind of mollusc, Speusipp. ap. Ath. 3.105b. point of the ploughshare, Poll. 1.252, Procl.ad Hes. Op. 425. hollow between the under-lip and chin, Ruf. Onom. 42, Poll. 2.90, Hsch. depression on the shoulder of horses, Hippiatr. 26. opening rosebud, Phot. clitoris, Ruf. Onom. 112, Gal. UP 15.3. niche, Callix. 2.
νύμφη, νύμφης, ἡ (apparently allied with Latinnubo; Vanicek, p. 429f), the Sept. for כַּלָּה;
1. a betrothed woman, a bride: John 3:29; Revelation 18:23; Revelation 21:2, 9; Revelation 22:17.
2. in the Greek writings from Homer down, a recently married woman, young wife; a young woman; hence, in Biblical and ecclesiastical Greek, like the Hebrew כַּלָּה (which signifies both a bride and a daughter-in-law (cf. Winers Grammar, 32)), a daughter-inlaw: Matthew 10:35; Luke 12:53. (Micah 7:6; Genesis 11:31; (Genesis 38:11); Ruth 1:6 (etc.); also Josephus, Antiquities 5, 9, 1.)
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νύμφη , -ης , ἡ ,
[in LXX chiefly for H3618;]
1. cl., a bride, young wife, young woman: Matthew 25:1, WH, mg., John 3:29, Revelation 18:23; Revelation 21:2; Revelation 21:9; Revelation 22:17.
2. As freq. in LXX (Genesis 38:11, al., for H3618;
(b) daughter-in-law) and in MGr. (νύφφη , νύφη ), a daughter-in-law: Matthew 10:35, Luke 12:53.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The phrase καθ᾽ ὁμοιότητα, as in Hebrews 4:15; Hebrews 7:15, in the somewhat weakened sense of ";in the same way as"; is found with a gen. dependent upon it in BGU IV. 1028.15 (ii/A.D.) ἐπὶ τῆς ἐξετάσεω [ς ] κ [α ]θ᾽ ὁμοιότητ (α) ἑτέρας ἐξετ (άσεως), PSI I. 107.2 (end of ii/A.D.) καθ᾽ ὁ [μο ]ιότητα ἑτέρων δούλων, and P Oxy IX. 1202.24 (A.D. 217) κατὰ τὸ ἀναγκαῖον προσφεύγω σοι ἀξιῶν ἐνταγῆναι κ ̣ἀ ̣μοῦ τὸν υἱὸν ῇ τῶν ἐφήβων γραφῇ καθ᾽ ὁμοιότητα τῶν σὺν αὐτῷ, ";I perforce have recourse to you, requesting that my son too may be entered in the list of the ephebi in the same way as his companions"; (Ed.).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.