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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1330 - בְּתוּלָה
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
(1) a virgin, pure and unspotted, so called as being separated and secluded from intercourse with men, see the root (Arabic بَتُولُ a pure virgin, a religious البتول, specially of the virgin Mary, Syr. ܒܬܘܽܠܳ virgin, also a man professing virginity, compare Eth. ድንግል፡ a virgin, chaste young man. Syr. ܒܰܬܶܠ to defile a virgin). Genesis 24:16, יְדָעָהּ וְהַנַּעֲרה בְתוּלָה וְאִישׁ לֹא …. “and the girl.… was a virgin, and no man had known her,” 2 Samuel 13:2, 18 2 Samuel 13:18 נַעֲרָה בְתוּלָה “a girl, a virgin,” i.e. pure, Deuteronomy 22:23, 28 Deuteronomy 22:28; Judges 19:24, 21:12 1 Kings 1:2.
(2) Also used of a woman newly married, Joel 1:8 as in Latin virgo, Virg. Ecl. vi. 47; Æn. i. 493; puella, Georg. iv. 458, and Arabic بِكْرُ virgin, LXX. νύμφη.
(3) By a προσωποποιΐα, familiar to the Hebrews, by which cities or states are spoken of under the figure of women, they are also called virgins, see the examples cited under בַּת No. 5. Also without בַּת there is simply said בְּתוּלַת יִשְׂרָאֵל “the virgin of Israel,” of the people of Israel, Jeremiah 18:13, 31:4, 21 Jeremiah 31:21; Amos 5:2. Rightly Ch. כְּנִישְׁתָּא דְיִשְׂרָאֵל the congregation of Israel.
the Third Week after Epiphany