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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3570 - νυνί
- now, at this very moment
Att. form of νῦν see G3569, strengthd. by -ῑ demonstr.,
now, at this moment, mostly of the present, IG 12.98.3, etc.: freq. in Com., Ar. Ach. 325, Ra. 290, Pherecr. 41, Men. Her. 27, etc.: less freq. with past tenses, ὧν ν. διέβαλλε D. 18.14; ν. συνεληλύθαμεν Isoc. 6.7; ν. ἐβουλήθη Isaiah 1:20; ν. βοηθήσαντες συνκατετάττοντο IG 22.237.11 (iv B. C.): also with fut., ν. δὲ πειράσομαι Aeschin. 2.25, cf. Isoc. 18.35: c. aor. imper., ν. μεταγνώτω Th. 4.92: rarely in the sense, as the case stands (cf. νῦν 1.4), D. 21.129, Lycurg. Fr. 31. —
Never in Trag. (E. Supp. 306 is corrupt): Com. also have νυνμενί, for νυνὶ μέν, Ar. Av. 448; νυνδί, for νυνὶ δέ, Id. Eq. 1357, Antiph. 190.16; cf. νυνγαρί, for νυνὶ γάρ, Eust. 45.3.
an Attic strengthened form of νῦν
(in cl. always of time, and most often strictly of the pres.),
[in LXX : Job 5:1-27, Psalms 2:1-12; Psalms 2:1-12, 4 Maccabees 4:1-26, Ep. Je*;]
1. of time: c. praes., Acts 24:13, Romans 15:23; Romans 15:25, 1 Corinthians 13:13, 2 Corinthians 8:11; 2 Corinthians 8:22, Philemon 1:9; Philemon 1:11; c. pf., Romans 3:21; c. pret., Romans 6:22; Romans 11:30 (WH, mg.) Romans 7:6, Ephesians 2:13, Colossians 1:21; Colossians 3:8; ἡ ν . ἀπολογία , Acts 22:1.
2. Of logical sequence (not so in cl.): Romans 7:17, 1 Corinthians 5:11 (νῦν , WH) 1 Corinthians 12:18 (νῦν , WH, txt.) 1 Corinthians 15:20, Hebrews 8:6 (νῦν , WH, txt.), Hebrews 9:26 (cf. WM, 24, 579n).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The root meaning of this verb ";agree with"; is seen in the contract P Oxy II. 275.1 (A.D. 66) ὁ [μ ]ο [λ ]ογοῦσιν ἀλλή [λ ]οις Τρύφων. . . καὶ Πτολεμαῖο [ς, ";agreement between Tryphon and Ptolemaeus"; : cf. the legal formula ἐπερωτηθεὶς ὡμολόγησα, ";in answer to the formal question I have given my consent,"; as in P Ryl II. 100.15 (A.D. 238). From this the transition is easy to the sense ";acknowledge,"; ";publicly declare,"; e.g. ib. 125.26 (A.D. 28–9) ὡμολ [ό ]γησεν τὴν πυξίδα ὡς προφέρεται κενήν, ";he acknowledges (having found) the box but alleges that it was empty"; (Edd.), ib. 180.2 (A.D. 124) ὁμολογῶ μὴ ἐγκαλεῖν σοι μηδ᾽ ἐγκαλέσειν σοι περὶ μηδενὸς πράγματος ἁπλῶς, ";I acknowledge that I neither make nor will make any claim upon you on any matter whatever"; (Edd.), ib. 157.3 (A.D. 135) ὁμολογοῦμεν διῃρῆσθαι πρὸς ἀλλήλας ἐπὶ τοῦ παρόντος [ὃ ἔχομεν ἐ ]ν ̣ μισθώσει οὐσιακ [ὸ ]ν ἀμπελικὸν κτῆμα, ";we acknowledge that we have divided between ourselves at the present time the domain-land vineyard which we hold on lease"; (Edd.), and the recurring formula in receipts ὁμολογῶ ἀπέχειν, ";I acknowledge that I have received,"; e.g. BGU II. 394.22 (A.D. 137) ὁμολογῶι ἀπέχειν [π ]αρὰ τοῦ Στοτοήτιος τὰ [ς ] προκιμένας [ἀρ ]γυρίου [δρα ]χ [μὰς ] δ [ιακο ]σίας τε [σ ]σ ̣α [ρ ]ά [κο ]ντα ὀκτὼ. . . With the usage ";praise,"; ";celebrate,"; in Hebrews 13:15, which Grimm-Thayer pronounces as ";unknown to Grk. writ.,"; we may compare the somewhat similar phrase ὁμολογῶ χάριτα in petitions, e.g. P Ryl II. 114.32 (c. A.D. 280) ὅπως. . . τῇ τύχῃ σου χάριτας ὁμολογεῖν δυνηθῶ, ";that I may avow my gratitude to your fortune,"; P Oxy I. 67.22 (A.D. 338) ὅπως ταύτ [ης ἡμεῖ ]ν τῆς εὐεργεσίας ὑπαρχθείσης εἰσαεὶ σοῦ τῇ τύχῃ χάριτας ὁμολογήσωμεν, and the Christian letter P Oxy VI. 939.6 (iv/A.D.) καὶ εἵη διὰ παντὸς ἡμᾶς χάριτας ὁμο [λογοῦντα ]ς διατελεῖν ὅτι ἡμῖν ἵλεως ἐγένετο, ";and may it be granted us to continue for ever to acknowledge our thanks to Him because He was gracious to us"; (Edd.). A good ex. of the meaning ";promise";(class.), as in Matthew 14:7, is afforded by the Phrygian inscr. Cagnat IV. 542 θεῷ ὑψίστῳ εὐχὴν Αὐρήλιος Ἀσκλάπων, ἣν [ὡ ]μολό [γ ]ησεν ἐ [ν ] Ῥώμῃ. On the Semitism in ὁμολογῶ ἐν (Matthew 10:32, Luke 12:8) cf. Nestle ZNTW vii. p. 279 f., ix. p. 253, Burkitt Earliest Sources for the Life of Jesus, p. 19 f., and see s.v. ἐξομολογέω. MGr μολογῶ.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Second Week after Epiphany