Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #3568 - νῦν

Transliteration
nŷn
Phonetics
noon
Origin
a primary particle of present time
Parts of Speech
Adverb
TDNT
4:1106,658
Definition
Thayer's
  1. at this time, the present, now
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 375 ‑ אֵיפֹה (ay‑fo');  389 ‑ אַךְ (ak);  639 ‑ אַף (af);  1972 ‑ הָלָא (haw‑law');  2008 ‑ הֵנָּה (hane'‑naw);  2009 ‑ הִנֵּה (hin‑nay');  3117 ‑ יוֹם (yome);  3861 ‑ לָהֵן (law‑hane');  4994 ‑ נָא (naw);  5728 ‑ עֲדֶנָּה (ad‑en', ad‑en'‑naw);  5844 ‑ עָטָה (aw‑taw');  5844 ‑ עָטָה (aw‑taw');  6285 ‑ פֵּאָה (pay‑aw');  6471 ‑ פַּעֲמָה (pah'‑am, pah‑am‑aw');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (137)
Matthew
4
Mark
3
Luke
11
John
28
Acts
23
Romans
13
1 Corinthians
4
2 Corinthians
7
Galatians
6
Ephesians
4
Philippians
5
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
1
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
2
2 Timothy
2
Titus
1
Hebrews
5
James
3
1 Peter
5
2 Peter
2
1 John
4
2 John
1
Jude
1
NAS (149)
Matthew
4
Mark
3
Luke
15
John
28
Acts
26
Romans
14
1 Corinthians
7
2 Corinthians
7
Galatians
7
Ephesians
4
Philippians
5
Colossians
2
1 Thessalonians
1
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
2
2 Timothy
2
Titus
1
Hebrews
5
James
2
1 Peter
5
2 Peter
2
1 John
4
2 John
1
Jude
1
HCS (139)
Matthew
4
Mark
3
Luke
13
John
25
Acts
24
Romans
14
1 Corinthians
6
2 Corinthians
7
Galatians
6
Ephesians
4
Philippians
5
Colossians
2
1 Thessalonians
1
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
2
2 Timothy
2
Titus
1
Hebrews
4
James
2
1 Peter
5
2 Peter
2
1 John
4
2 John
1
Jude
1
BSB (147)
Matthew
4
Mark
3
Luke
14
John
29
Acts
25
Romans
14
1 Corinthians
6
2 Corinthians
7
Galatians
6
Ephesians
4
Philippians
5
Colossians
2
1 Thessalonians
1
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
2
2 Timothy
2
Titus
1
Hebrews
5
James
3
1 Peter
5
2 Peter
2
1 John
4
2 John
1
Jude
1
ESV (125)
Matthew
4
Mark
3
Luke
14
John
23
Acts
21
Romans
13
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
6
Galatians
6
Ephesians
4
Philippians
3
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
1
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
2
2 Timothy
2
Titus
1
Hebrews
4
James
2
1 Peter
5
2 Peter
2
1 John
4
WEB (141)
Matthew
4
Mark
2
Luke
12
John
28
Acts
26
Romans
13
1 Corinthians
4
2 Corinthians
7
Galatians
6
Ephesians
4
Philippians
5
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
1
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
3
2 Timothy
2
Titus
1
Hebrews
5
James
3
1 Peter
5
2 Peter
2
1 John
4
2 John
1
Jude
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

νῦν

(for νυν, νυ, v. infr. II),

I

1. Adv. now, both of the present moment, and of the present time generally, οἳ ν. βροτοί εἰσιν mortals of our day, Il. 1.272; so in Ion. and Att., οἱ ν. [ἄνθρωποι] men of the present day, Hdt. 1.68; οἵ γε ν. Pi. O. 1.105, B. 5.4, cf. Arist. Metaph. 1069a26; ὁ ν. τρόπος, τὸ ν. βαρβαρικόν, Th. 1.6; Βοιωτοὶ οἱ ν. ib. 12; ὁ ν. παρὼν χρόνος S. Tr. 174, al., Pl. Prm. 141e; ἡμέρα ἡ ν. S. OT 351; νὺξ ἡ ν. Id. Ant. 16; ἡ ν. ὁδός Id. El. 1295; τὸ ν. the present, Arist. Ph. 218a6, al.; ἀπὸ τοῦ ν. Pl. Prm. 152c, LXX Genesis 46:30, etc.; ἀπὸ ν. AP 5.40 (Rufin.); ἕως τοῦ ν. LXX Genesis 46:34; μέχρι ν. (v.l. μ. τοῦ ν.) D.S. 17.110; τὰ ν. simply, = ν., Hdt. 7.104, E. Heracl. 641, etc.; τό περ ν. Pi. N. 7.101; τὰ δὲ ν. S. OC 133 (lyr.); τὸ ν. εἶναι Pl. R. 506e, X. Cyr. 5.3.42, Arist. Ath. 31.2; τὸ ν. ἔχον Acts 24:25.

2. of the immediate past, just now, but now, ν. Μενέλαος ἐνίκησεν Il. 3.439, cf. 13.772, Od. 1.43, S. OC 84, X. Cyr. 4.5.48; ν. γοῦν ἐπεχείρησας Pl. R. 341c; ἡλίκα ν. ἐτραγῴδει D. 18.13.

3. of the future, presently, ν. αὖτ' ἐγχείῃ πειρήσομαι Il. 5.279, cf. 20.307, Od. 1.200; ν. φεύξομαι, τόθ' ἁγνὸς ὤν E. El. 975; cf. νῦν δή, νυνί.

4. sts. opp. to what might have been under other circumstances, as it is (or was), as the case stands (or stood), as a matter offact, ν. δ' ὁ μὲν ὣς ἀπόλωλε Od. 1.166; εἰ μὲν ὑπώπτευον, οὐκ ἂν.. ἐποιούμην· ν. δὲ κτλ. Th. 4.126, cf. 1.122, 3.113, Pl. Cra. 384b, D. 18.195, etc.; καὶ ν. even so, X. An. 7.4.24, 7.7.17.

5. coupled with other Particles, τὰ ν. γε S. Ph. 245, etc.; ν. γε μάν Pi. P. 1.50; ν. δή, v. h. v.: with other expressions of Time, ν... σήμερον, ν. ἡμέρη ἥδε, Il. 7.29, 13.828; ν. ἤδη henceforth, S. Ant. 801 (anap.), etc.; ν... ἄρτι but now, Pl. Cra. 396c.

II enclit. (but see below) νυν, νυ. [νυ only , Boeot., and Cypr. (also Arc. in ὅνυ, q. v.); νῠν twice in Hom., Il. 10.105, 23.485: in Trag. ( A. Th. 242, 246, S. Ant. 705, E. Or. 1678, etc.; S. Tr. 92, E. Andr. 91, etc.), in Com. (Ar. V. 1381, Pl. 975, al.), exc. Cratin. 144, Ar. Th. 105 (lyr., citing Agatho), and perh. Nu. 141; both quantities in τοίνυν, q.v.]

1 rarely of Time, now, perh. so used in Il. 10.105, cf. Parm. 19.1, Pi. P. 11.44, al., Epich. 170.6.

2. in mostly as a particle of emphasis, ἧκε δ' ἐπ' Ἀργείοισι κακὸν βέλος· οἱ δέ νυ λαοὶ θνῇσκον Il. 1.382, etc.: freq. coupled with other Particles or Conjs., ἦ ῥά ν. 4.93; καί νύ κεν 3.373; οὔ ν., μή νύ τοι, 10.165, 1.28; ἐπεί νύ τοι ib. 416; ὥς νύ περ 2.258.

3. in commands or entreaties, μή ν. μοι νεμεσήσετ' 15.115: freq. with other Advbs., δεῦρό ν. come now ! 23.485; ἐνταῦθά ν. ὕβριζε A. Pr. 82, cf. Ar. Th. 1001, V. 149, Pl. 724; εἶά ν. Id. Pax 467, V. 430, Pl. 316: freq. with imper., φέρε ν. ib. 789; ἄγε ν. Id. Pax 1056, V. 381; σπεῦδέ ν. Id. Pl. 414; σίγαν. S. Aj. 87, Cratin.l.c.; περίδου ν. Ar. Nu. 644, cf. X. Cyr. 5.3.21, etc.; ὕφαινέ ν. B. 18.8; so in Boeot., ν. ἔνθω IG 7.3172.88 (Orchom.); also in Cypr. with opt. in commands, δυϝάνοι ν., δώκοι ν., Inscr.Cypr. 135.6,16 H. (Idalion).

4. in questions, τίς ν. ; τί ν.; who, what, why now? Il. 5.373, 1.414, 4.31; ἦ νυ..; Od. 6.125. [In signf.

I always perispom. In signf.

II perispom. exc. when short, Hdn.Gr. 2.39, al.; enclit. when short, sts. in codd., as Il. 23.485 (Pap. in AJP 21.304, etc.; oxyt. when = δή, Tyrannioap.Hdn.Gr.2.27; καθ' ὁμαλισμόν or κατ' ἔγκλισιν when= δή, Sch. Ar. Pl. 414, Sch. A.R. 1.664). In codd. usu. perispom. in both senses, A. Pr. 82, Th. 242, 246, S. Ant. 705, El. 324, Ar. Pl. 414, V. 758, 922, etc.; even νῠν is written νῦν in codd. vett. Pi. passim, also in S. Aj. 87, Tr. 92, etc.; hence νυν may freq. be restored where the sense requires it. The accent of τοίνῡ ν perh. shows that both νῠν and νῡν could be enclitic.

Position: in signf.

I νῦν can occupy any position; in signf.

II it prefers (like other enclitics, but also like ἄν, δέ, γάρ, etc.) the second place in the sentence, e.g. πρός νύν σε πατρός S. Ph. 468, cf. OC 1333; ἀπό νύν με λείπετ' ἤδη Id. Ph. 1177 (lyr.); μετά νυν δός E. Supp. 56 (lyr.); νυ (always enclitic) precedes other enclitics and allows only δέ to precede.] (Cf. Skt. nú, n[umacracute], nûnám, O E. nû 'now', etc.)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

νῦν ,

adv.,

[in LXX chiefly for H6258;]

1. prop., of time, now, i.e. at the present time: as opp. to past, John 4:18, Acts 7:52, Romans 13:11, 2 Corinthians 7:9, Colossians 1:24, al.; opp. to fut., John 12:27, Romans 11:31, al.; c. art., ( , τὸ ) ν . et subst., the present: Romans 3:26, Galatians 4:25, 1 Timothy 6:17, Titus 2:12, al.; ἀπὸ τοῦ ν . (LXX for H6258, 2 Chronicles 16:9), Luke 1:48, Acts 18:6, al.; ἄχρι τοῦ ν ., Romans 8:22, Philippians 1:5; ἕως τοῦ ν . (LXX for H6258 H5704), Matthew 24:21, Mark 13:19; τὰ ν ., as regards the present, Acts 5:38; c. pret., just now, but now, Matthew 26:65, John 11:8; John 21:10; c. fut., now, presently, John 12:31, Acts 20:22; so c. praes., presently, forthwith, John 12:31; John 17:13; καὶ ν ., John 11:22; John 17:5, al.; ἀλλὰ ν ., Luke 22:36; ἔτι ν ., 1 Corinthians 3:2; τότε (πότε ) . . . ν . (δέ ), Romans 6:21; Romans 11:30; ν . ἤδη , 1 John 4:3; ν . οὖν , Acts 10:33, al.

2. Of logical sequence (often difficult to disting. from the temporal sense; cf. Lft., Notes, 113 f.), now, therefore, now, however, as it is: Luke 11:39; καὶ ν ., Acts 3:17, 2 Thessalonians 2:6, 1 John 2:28; id. seq. δεῦρο , Acts 7:34; ν . δέ , John 8:40; John 9:41; John 15:22; John 15:24; John 18:36, 1 Corinthians 5:11; 1 Corinthians 7:14; 1 Corinthians 12:20, al. (cf. WM, 579n).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

An interesting parallel to John 5:19 where ὁμοίως should not be translated ";in like manner"; (RV) but ";likewise"; (AV : cf. John 6:11; John 21:13) is afforded by P Par 47.8 (c. B.C. 153) (= Selections, p. 22) where the writer bitterly exclaims—ὀμνύο τὸν Σαρᾶπιν. . . ὅτι ψευδῆι πάντα καὶ οἱ παρὰ σὲ θεοὶ ὁμοίως, ";I swear by Serapis that all things are false and your gods likewise."; Cf. ib. 60.8 f. (c. B.C. 154) ὁμοίως καὶ Κότταβος, ὁμοίως καὶ Χεντοσνεύς, BGU IV. 1167.24 (B.C. 12) ἐφ᾽ ὧι ὁμοίως μὴ (επελεύσε)σθαι τὴν Ἰσιδώ (ραν) κατὰ μη (δένα) τρόπ (ον), and P Ryl II. 243.13 (ii/A.D.) δέξαι παρὰ Νιννάρου ἰς λόγον Εἰρήνης τὸ ἐπιβάλλον αὐτῇ μέρος καὶ ἰς τὸ [ν ]λόγον Δημαρίου ὁμοίως δέξαι πα [ρ ] [Ἁτ ]ρῆτος τὸ ἐπιβάλλον αὐτῇ μέρος, ";receive from Ninnarus for Irene’s account the share belonging to her, and likewise from Hatres for Demarion’s account the share belonging to her."; The adv. is common = ";ditto,"; e.g. CP Hem I. 127iii. 14 al (= p. 73). See also s.v. ὡσαύτως.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
νυν νῦν νυνί νυνὶ nun nuni nyn nŷn nyni nynì
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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