Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3614 - οἰκία
- a house
- an inhabited edifice, a dwelling
- the inmates of a house, the family
- property, wealth, goods
Ion. οἰκίη, Cret. and Locr. ϝοικία, Leg.Gort. 5.26, Berl.Sitzb. 1927.8 (v B. C.), cf. IG 14.636 (Petelia): —
1. ἡ, building, house, dwelling, Hdt. 1.17, 114, etc.; ἡ οἰκία ἡ δημοσία IG 12.94.36; οἰκία ἱερά ib.363.24; κατ' οἰκίαν at home, Pl. La. 180d; ἰδίᾳ καὶ κατ' οἰκίας Id. Lg. 788a; ἔτυχεν ἐπὶ τῆς οἰ. was at home, X.Ephesians 5:4 : in Com. and Attic Prose much more freq. than οἶκος: sts. opp. οἶκος as house to set of apartments or room, τᾶν οἰκιᾶν τιμὰν κομιζέσθω τῶ οἴκω ἑκάστω δύο μνᾶς SIG 306.16 (Tegea, iv B. C.), cf. PTeb. 46.9 (cf. 18) (ii B. C.), 38.14, 15 (ii B. C.), PFay. 31.11 (ii A. D.).
2. in Att. law, οἶκος was distd. from οἰκία, the former being the property left at a person's death, his estate, the latter the dwelling-house only, as stated by X. Oec. 1.5, cf. Hdt. 7.224, Jul. Gal.Fr. 12, etc.
3. distd. from συνοικία, as one's own apartments from those let out to lodgers, Aeschin. 1.124.
II household, domestic establishment, Pl. Grg. 520e; δὔ οἰκίας ᾤκει, i. e. he kept two establishments, D. 39.26, cf. Arist. Pol. 1265b26; more primitive than the πόλις, ib. 1252b17, EN 1162a18, al.; ὁ ἐπὶ τῆς οἰκίας the house -steward, PCair.Zen. 150.16 (iii B. C.).
III the household, i. e. inmates of the house, Pl. Lg. 909b (pl.). house or family from which one is descended, οἰκίης ἀγαθῆς Hdt. 1.107; οἰκίης οὐ φλαυροτέρης ib. 99; οἰκίης οὐκ ἐπιφανέος Id. 2.172; τῇ Κύρου οἰκίῃ συγγενέες Id. 3.2, cf. Pl. Grg. 472b; ἐκ τῶν μεγίστων οἰ. Eup. 117.5, cf. And. 1.126, Th. 8.6, etc.; περὶ ὀλίγας οἰ. αἱ.. τραγῳδίαι συντίθενται Arist. Po. 1453a19; ἡ Μακεδόνων οἰ. Plb. 2.37.7; ἡ βασιλικὴ οἰ. D.S. 18.57. medical school, ἐξ οἰκίας Ἡροφίλου Erot. Praef., cf. Gal. 17(2).145.
οἰκία , -ας , ἡ
[in LXX chiefly (very freq.) for H1004;]
a house, dwelling: Matthew 2:11; Matthew 7:24-27, Mark 1:29, al.; ἐν οἰκίᾳ (= cl. κατ᾿ οἰκίαν ), at home, Luke 8:27; εἰς οἰ ., 2 John 1:10; οἰ , c. gen. pers., usually has the art. (Matthew 8:14, al., but cf. οἶκος and v. Bl., § 46, 9); ἡ οἰ . τ . πατρός μου , John 14:2.
(a) of the body as the dwelling of the soul: 2 Corinthians 5:1;
(b) of property (as H1004, Genesis 45:18, LXX, τ . υπάρχοντα ; 1 Kings 13:8, LXX, οἶκος ) = οἶκος (q.v.): Mark 12:40, Luke 20:47;
(c) of the inmates of the dwelling, the household: Matthew 12:25; c. gen. pers., John 4:53, 1 Corinthians 16:15.
SYN.: οἶκος G3624, which in Attic law denoted the whole estate, οἰκία G3614, the dwelling only. In cl. poets οἶκος has also the latter sense, but not in prose, except in metaph. usage, where it signifies both property and household. The foregoing distinction is not, however, consistently maintained in late Greek; cf. MM, ii, xvii, and v. Thayer, s.v. οἰκία .
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The itacistic form ὀρινός, which is read by WH in Luke 1:39; Luke 1:65 is amply attested in the papyri, where the word is regularly used to describe all canals on the border of the desert, e.g. P Strass I. 17.4 (A.D. 124) ἐν ὀρινῇ (sc. διώρυχι) Πατσώντ (εως) Βακχ (ιάδος), ";on the desert canal of Patsontis at Bacchias"; (see the editor’s Introd.). See also Aristeas 107, 118, and cf. s.v. ὄρος.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Eve of Ascension