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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3635 - ὀκνέω

Root Word (Etymology)
from oknos (hesitation)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to feel loath, to be slow
  2. to delay, hesitate
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 680 ‑ אָצַל ();  4513 ‑ מָנַע (maw‑nah');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Acts 2
NAS (1)
Acts 1
CSB (1)
Acts 1
BSB (1)
Acts 1
ESV (1)
Acts 1
WEB (2)
Acts 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


ὀκνείω Il. 5.255: impf. ὤκνεον 20.155: fut. -ήσω Isoc. 6.72: aor. ὤκνησα D. 18.103, etc.: (ὄκνος):


1. shrink from doing, scruple, hesitate to do a thing, c. inf., ὀκνείω ἵππων ἐπιβαινέμεν Il. 5.255; ἀρχέμεναι πολέμοιο ὤκνεον 20.155. In Att. mostly with collat. sense of the feeling which causes the hesitation, and So 1 of shame or fear (in a moral sense), ὀκνῶ προδότης καλεῖσθαι I shrink from being called, fear to be called, S. Ph. 93, cf. Th. 5.61, Lys. Fr. 23; οἷα ἐγὼ ὀκνῶ πρὸς ὑμᾶς ὀνομάσαι shrink from naming, hesitate to name, D. 2.19, cf. Pl. Grg. 462e; τοσαῦθ' ὅσ' ὀκνήσαιμ' ἂν.. εἰπεῖν D. 18.103, cf. 24.7, etc.

2. of pity, σὰς ὀκνῶ θρᾶξαι φρένας A. Pr. 628, cf. S. El. 1271.

3. most commonly of cowardice or indolence, μεμηνότ' ἄνδρα.. ὀκνεῖς ἰδεῖν Id. Aj. 81, cf. Th. 1.120, etc. The Homeric constr. c. inf. continued most common (v. supr.): rarely c. acc., πῶς τὸ μητρὸς λέκτρον οὐκ ὀκνεῖν με δεῖ; S. OT 976; ὃν μήτ' ὀκνεῖτε Id. OC 731, cf. X. Cyr. 2.2.21; ἂν ὀκνῇς τὸ μανθάνειν Philem. 213.1; also ὀ. περί τινος X. Cyr. 4.5.20; ὀ. μή.. Pl. Phdr. 257c, X. An. 2.3.9, D. 1.18.

II freq. also abs., shrink, hesitate, hang back, Hdt. 7.50, S. El. 22, 320, Antipho Soph. 55, Luc. Prom. 18, etc.; of soldiers, Arist. Pol. 1297b11.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ὀκνέω, ό᾿κνω: 1 aorist ώ᾿κνησα; (ὄκνος (perhaps allied with the frequent.cunc-tari (cf. Curtius, p. 708)) delay); from Homer down; to feel loath, to be slow; to delay, hesitate: followed by an infinitive Acts 9:38. (Numbers 22:16; Judges 18:9, etc.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ὀκνέω , -

(< ὄκνος , shrinking, hesitation),

[in LXX: Numbers 22:16 (H4513 ni.), Judges 18:9 (H680 ni.), Tobit 12:6; Tobit 12:13, Judith 12:13, Sirach 7:35, 4 Maccabees 14:4 *;]

to shrink from doing, hesitate to do (Hom., Thuc., al.); hence, to delay c. inf., Acts 9:38 (cf. Nu, l.c., and v. MM, xviii).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

That ὄρος is used in the papyri to denote the ";desert"; is seen in the reference in P Tebt II. 383.61 (A.D. 46) to the keepers of the registry-offices of Tebtunis and Kerkesucha-on-desert—τῶν πρὸς γρ (αφείῳ) Τεβτ (ύνεως) καὶ Κερκεσούχ (ων) Ὄρους. Cf. also the following passages showing that the ";desert"; was the regular place of burial—P Oxy II. 274.27 (A.D. 89–97) ὑπάρχει δὲ αὐτῶι ἐπὶ τοῦ ἀπὸ λιβὸς μ [. . . . . . .] ὄρους ἥμισυ μέρος τάφου, P Ryl II. 153.5 (A.D. 138–161) ̣ν ̣ ταῖς ἐπ ̣[ισ ]η ̣μοις τοῦ ὄρους ἡμέραις, ";on the high days of the cemeteries"; (Edd.), and P Grenf II. 77.22 (iii/iv A.D.) (= Selections, p. 121), a letter regarding funeral expenses, which include a pourboire to a νεκροτάφος for conveying a body εἰς τὸ ὄρος for burial. According to Bell (P Lond IV. p. xvii.) ὄρος came to be used as a synonym of μοναστήριον (= ";desert-monastery";). The ordinary meaning ";mountain,"; which survives in MGr, is seen in P Leid Wxix. 36 (ii/iii A.D.) (= II. p. 149) (l. αἱ) πέτραι, κ (αὶ) τὰ ὄρη, κ (αὶ) ἡ θάλασσα κτλ. For the uncontracted gen. pl. ὀρέων, as in Revelation 6:15, cf. Aristeas 119 ἐκ τῶν παρακειμένων ὀρέων τῆς Ἀραβίας, and see Schweizer Perg. p. 153. Cf. ὀρινός s.v. ὀρεινός.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
οκνηρίαις οκνήσαι οκνησης οκνήσης ὀκνήσῃς οκνήσητε oknḗseis oknḗsēis okneses oknēsēs
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