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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3737 - ὀρφανός

Root Word (Etymology)
of uncertain affinity
Parts of Speech
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  1. bereft (of a father, of parents)
    1. of those bereft of a teacher, guide, guardian
    2. orphaned
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3490 ‑ יָתוֹם (yaw‑thome');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
John 1
James 1
NAS (2)
John 1
James 1
HCS (2)
John 1
James 1
BSB (2)
John 1
James 1
ESV (2)
John 1
James 1
WEB (2)
John 1
James 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὀρφᾰνός, ή, όν,

also ός, όν E. Hec. 149 (anap.):

I orphan, without parents, fatherless, αἱ δ' ἐλίποντο ὀρφαναί Od. 20.68; ὀ. τέκνα Hes. Op. 330; παῖδά τ' ὀ. λιπεῖν S. Aj. 653: as Subst., orphan, ἐπίκληροι καὶ ὀ. Lys. 26.12; ὀρφανοῖς καὶ ὀρφαναῖς Pl. Lg. 926c; ὀρφανῶν κάκωσις Arist. Ath. 56.6, cf. IG 12.6.124: also in neut., εἰς ὀρφανὰ καὶ ἔρημα ὑβρίζειν Pl. Lg. 927c; of animals, ὄρνις Ar. Av. 1361; ὀ. οἶκος, δόμος, S. Fr. 943, E. Alc. 657: metaph., neglected, ἡ δέλτος ὀρφανὴ κεῖται Herod. 3.15; ὀρφανὰ κεῖται σκῦλα Epigr. ap. Paus. 1.13.3.

II c. gen., bereaved or bereft of,

1. of children, ὀ. πατρός reft of father, E. El. 914, 1010; τοῦ πατρὸς ὀ. D. 57.70; γονέων Plu. 2.293d, etc.

2. of parents, πότμον ὀρφανὸν γενεᾶς childless, Pi. O. 9.61; ὀ. παιδός, τέκνων, E. Hec. 149 (anap.), Fr. 332.6; νεοσσῶν ὀρφανὸν λέχος S. Ant. 425.

3. generally, ὀ. ἑτάρων Pi. I. 7(6).10, cf. Pl. Lg. 730d; νύμφας ἔθηκεν ὀρφανὰς ξυναόρων E. Or. 1136; ἐπιστήμης Pl. Alc. 2.147a; κρατός Sosith. 2.20; ὀρφανοὶ ὕβριος free from insolence, Pi. I. 4(3).8(26); ψόφον.. Κασταλίας ὀρφανὸν ἀνδρῶν χορεύσιος Id. Pae. 6.9; ὀ. μαχᾶν, = ἀπόμαχος, Tim. Pers. 154; ὀρφανὴ βίου, i.e. poor, Herod. 3.39; ὀ. ἀγκίστρου κάλαμος AP 12.42 (Diosc.): Com. metaph., ὀ. ταρίχιον salt-fish without sauce, Pherecr. 22 (dub. l.). (A shorter form ὀρφο- appears in ὀρφο-βότης (q.v.), ὀρφόω, cf. Lat. orbus, Goth. arbi 'inheritance'.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ὀρφανός, ὀρφανη, ὀρφανόν (ὈΡΦΟΣ, Latinorbus; (Curtius, § 404)), from Homer, Odyssey 20, 68 down, the Sept. for יָתום; bereft (of a father, of parents), James 1:27 (A. V. fatherless); of those bereft of a teacher, guide, guardian, John 14:18 (Lamentations 5:3).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ὀρφανός , - , -όν ,

[in LXX for H3490;]

1. prop., orphan, fatherless: Mark 12:40, WH, mg, James 1:27.

2. In a general sense (as also in cl.; v. LS, s.v.; and cf. MM, xviii), bereft, friendless, desolate: John 14:18.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT


";everywhere"; : PSI IV. 382.6 (B.C. 248–7) ξύλα ἐζητήκαμεν πανταχοῦ, BGU IV. 1125.12 (B.C. 13) κύρια ] τὰ διωμολογημένα πανταχοῦ, and ib. III. 942.6 (A.D. 240) κυρία ἡ ἐπὶ λόγου ἀποχὴ πανταχοῦ ἐπιφερομένη ὡς ἐν δημοσίῳ κατακεχωρισμένη.


";everywhere"; (Acts 21:28). For the form with iota subscript, which Moulton prefers (Gr. ii. p. 84; cf. Meisterhans Gr. p. 145), see P Eleph 3.6 (B.C. 284–3), ἡ δὲ συγγραφὴ ἥδε κυρία ἔστω πανταχῆι οὗ ἄν ἐπιφέρηι Ἐλάφιον, and similarly ib. 4.6 (B.C. 284–3), and P Oxy XIV. 1639.21 (B.C. 73 or 44) κυρία [ἡ χ ]εὶρ παντα [χῆ ]ι ̣ ἐπιφερομένη καὶ παντὶ τῶι ἐπιφέ [ρο ]ντι, ";this bond is valid wherever and by whomever it is produced"; (Edd.). The iota is wanting in P Gen I. 35.12 (A.D. 161) πανταχῆ ἐπιφερόμε [νον, and ib. 9i. 15 (A.D. 251).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ορφανά ορφανοί ορφανοίς ορφανόν ορφανός ορφανού ορφανους ορφανούς ὀρφανούς ὀρφανοὺς ορφανώ ορφανών orphanous orphanoús orphanoùs
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