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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3736 - ὀρύσσω

Root Word (Etymology)
apparently a root word
Parts of Speech
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  1. to dig
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1624 ‑ גָּרָה (gaw‑raw');  2658 ‑ חָפַר (khaw‑far');  2672 ‑ חָצַב (khaw‑tsab', khaw‑tsabe');  2864 ‑ חָתַר (khaw‑thar');  3738 ‑ כָּרָה (kaw‑raw');  5365 ‑ נָקַר (naw‑kar');  6605 ‑ פָּתַח (paw‑thakh');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (3)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
NAS (3)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
CSB (3)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
BSB (3)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
ESV (1)
Matthew 1
WEB (3)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Od. 10.305, Att. ὀρύκ-ττω (late pres. imper. ὄρυγε IG 12(5).519 (Seriphos)): fut. ὀρύξω Il. 7.341: aor. ὤρυξα, ὄρυξα as always in Hom., Od. 11.25, al.: pf. ὀρώρῠχα (κατ-) Pherecr. 145.19: plpf. ὠρωρύχειν App. BC 4.107: Med., aor. ὠρυξάμην Hdt. 1.186, A.R. 3.1032, etc.: Pass., fut. ὀρυχθήσομαι (κατ-) Antipho 3.2.10, also ὀρῠχήσομαι (κατ-) Ar. Av. 394 (Elmsl.) and ὀρωρύξομαι Suid. s.v. ὤρυσσον (prob.): aor. ὠρύχθην Hdt. 1.186, etc.: pf. ὀρώρυγμαι Id. 2.158, etc.; in compds., ὤρυγμαι (κατ- Antipho 3.3.12 codd., ὑποκατ- Sophr. 3, δι- Luc. Tim. 53, etc.): plpf. ὀρωρύγμην Hdt. 1.186, Pl. Criti. 118c, also ὠρωρύγμην (δι-) X. An. 7.8.14. An aor. 2 Act. ὤρῠγον occurs in Philostr. VA 1.25: Pass. ὠρύγην OGI 72.7,673.6 (Egypt, i A. D.), (δι-) Hld. 9.7, Gp. 4.3.2, (κατ-) f.l. in X. An. 5.8.11:

I dig, ὀρύξομεν ἐγγύθι τάφρον Il. 7.341; βόθρον ὄρυξα Od. 11.25; ἔλυτρον Hdt. 1.186; ὀρύγματα Id. 4.200; ταῖς ὁπλαῖς εὐνάς Ar. Eq. 605; ὑπόνομον ἐκ τῆς πόλεως Th. 2.76: abs., ὤρυσσον ὑπὸ μαστίγων Hdt. 7.22; ἐὰν ὀρύξῃ τις παρὰ τὴν θάλασσαν Arist. Pr. 933b33: Med., δεξαμενὰς ὀρύξασθαι Hdt. 3.9: Pass., ὀρώρυκται (sc. ἡ διῶρυξ) Id. 2.158; τὸ ὀρυχθέν, = τὸ ὄρυγμα, the trench, Id. 1.186.

II dig up, [μῶλυ] Od. 10.305; κυκλάμινον Theoc. 5.123: Med., λίθους ὠρύξατο had stones dug or quarried, Hdt. 1.186: Pass., ὁ ὀρυσσόμενος χοῦς the soil that was dug up, ib. 185; ὑπὸ μεταλλείας ὀρύττεσθαι Pl. Criti. 114e.

III dig through, i. e. make a canal through (like διορύσσειν), τὸν ἰσθμὸν ὀ. Orac. ap. Hdt. 1.174; τὸ χωρίον ὀρώρυκτο Id. 1.186; of moles, burrow, either abs., as Arist. HA 606a2; or γῆν ὀ., Id. Mir. 842b4. bury, ἔγχος.. γαίας ὀρύξας ἔνθα μήτις ὄψεται (where γαίας depends on ἔνθα) S. Aj. 659, cf. X. Oec. 19.2. of a wrestler, dig into, gouge a tender part, τὠφθαλμώ Ar. Av. 442, cf. Pax 899, Philostr. VA 8.25; gouge out, ὀφθαλμὸν ὤρυττέν τις ὥσπερ ἰχθύος Antiph. 119.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ὀρύσσω: 1 aorist ὤρυξα; from Homer down; the Sept. for חָפַר, כָּרָה, etc.; to dig: to make τί by digging, Mark 12:1; τί ἐν τίνι, Matthew 21:33; equivalent to to make a pit, ἐν τῇ γῆ, Matthew 25:18 (here T Tr WH ὤρυξεν γῆν). (Compare: διορύσσω, ἐξορύσσω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀρύσσω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H2658 also for H3738, etc.;]

to dig: c. acc, ληνόν , Matthew 21:33; ὁπολήνιον , Mark 12:1; γῆν , Matthew 25:18 (cf. δι -, ἐξ -ορύσσω ).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";from all sides,"; confined in NT to TR of Mark 1:45, can be readily illustrated from the Κοινή —P Oxy II. 237vii. 8 (A.D. 186) πανταχόθεν οὖν. . . τοῦ πράγματος πρ [ο ]δ ̣ήλου γενομένου, ";on all points, then, the affair being now clear,"; P Tebt II. 423.33 (early iii/A.D.) ἐὰν καλῶς πράσσῃς [λ ]α ̣β ̣ω ̣̣ν πανταχόθεν ἀγόρασον αυ ̣̓τ ̣[ο ]υ ̣̑ καλὸν χιτῶνα, ";if you fare well, get together all you can and buy there a good tunic"; (Edd.), and P Ryl II. 239.21 (mid. iii/A.D.) πανταχόθεν ἴδε αὐτ ̣ῷ μικρὸ ̣ν ̣ ο ̣̓ν ̣αρίδιον, ";look out everywhere for a small donkey for him"; (Edd.). The last document shows .6 ἐκ πανταχο ̣θ ̣ε ̣ν ̣, ";by all means.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ορυγή ορύξεις όρυξον ορύσσει ορύσσω ορύσσων ορφανίαν ώρυξα ώρυξαν ωρύξατε ώρυξε ωρυξεν ώρυξεν ὤρυξεν oruxen ōruxen oryxen ōryxen ṓryxen
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