Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #3741 - ὅσιος

Transliteration
hósios
Phonetics
hos'-ee-os
Origin
of uncertain affinity
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
5:489,734
Definition
Thayer's
  1. undefiled by sin, free from wickedness, religiously observing every moral obligation, pure holy, pious
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2134 ‑ זַךְ (zak);  2616 ‑ חָסַד (khaw‑sad');  2617 ‑ חֶסֶד (kheh'‑sed);  2623 ‑ חָסִיד (khaw‑seed');  2889 ‑ טָהֹר (haw‑hore', taw‑hore');  3477 ‑ יָשָׁר (yaw‑shawr');  4720 ‑ מִקְדָּשׁ (mik‑dawsh', mik‑ked‑awsh');  7965 ‑ שָׁלֹם (shaw‑lome', shaw‑lome');  8537 ‑ תֹּם (tome);  8549 ‑ תָּמִים (taw‑meem');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (8)
Acts
3
1 Timothy
1
Titus
1
Hebrews
1
Revelation
2
NAS (11)
Acts
5
1 Timothy
1
Titus
1
Hebrews
1
Revelation
3
HCS (8)
Acts
3
1 Timothy
1
Titus
1
Hebrews
1
Revelation
2
BSB (8)
Acts
3
1 Timothy
1
Titus
1
Hebrews
1
Revelation
2
ESV (8)
Acts
3
1 Timothy
1
Titus
1
Hebrews
1
Revelation
2
WEB (8)
Acts
3
1 Timothy
1
Titus
1
Hebrews
1
Revelation
2
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὅσι-ος, α, ον,

also ος, ον Pl. Lg. 831d, D.H. 5.71:

hallowed, i. e. sanctioned or allowed by the law of God or of nature, δίκη Thgn. 132; θοῖναι A. Pr. 529 (lyr.); λουτρά S. Aj. 1405 (anap.); καθαρμοί E. Ba. 77 (lyr.); μέλος Ar. Av. 898; οὐχ ὅ. unhallowed, ὕβρις E. Ba. 374 (lyr.); ἔρως Id. Hipp. 764 (lyr.); θυσίαι Id. IT 465 (anap.).

I The sense of ὅσιος often depends on its relation on the one hand to δίκαιος (sanctioned by human law), on the other to ἱερός (sacred to the gods):

1 opp. δίκαιος, sanctioned by divine law, hallowed, holy (μόριον τοῦ δικαίου τὸ ὅ. Pl. Euthphr. 12d), δικαιότερον καὶ ὁσιώτερον καὶ πρὸς θεῶν καὶ πρὸς ἀνθρώπων Antipho 1.25; τὰ πρὸς τοὺς ἀνθρώπους δίκαια καὶ τὰ πρὸς τοὺς θεοὺς ὅ. Plb. 22.10.8: hence, in a common antithesis, τὰ δίκαια καὶ ὅ. things of human and divine ordinance, Pl. Plt. 301d, etc., cf. Euthphr. 6e; also ὅ. καὶ νόμιμα Ar. Th. 676 (lyr.); οὐ.. νόμιμον οὐδ' ὅ. ἂν εἴη Pl. Lg. 861d; θεοὺς ὅσιόν τι δρᾶν discharge a duty men owe the gods, E. Supp. 40, cf. Hipp. 1081; τὸ ὅσιον, = εὐσέβεια, Pl. Euthphr. 5d: in an imprecatory formula, ἀποδοῦσι μὲν αὐτοῖς ὅσια ᾖ, μὴ ἀποδοῦσι δὲ ἀνόσια SIG 1199 (Cnidus), cf. ἀνοσία 11; so ὅ. καὶ ἐλεύθερα ib.1180.6 (ibid.).

2. opp. ἱερός, permitted or not forbidden by divine law, profane, ἱερὰ καὶ ὅ. things sacred and profane, ἐς ὀλιγωρίαν ἐτράποντο καὶ ἱερῶν καὶ ὁ. ὁμοίως Th. 2.52, cf. Pl. R. 344a, Lg. 857b, etc.; κοσμεῖν τὴν πόλιν καὶ τοῖς ἱεροῖς καὶ τοῖς ὁ. with sacred and profane buildings, Isoc. 7.66; τῶν ἱερῶν μὲν χρημάτων τοὺς θεούς, τῶν ὁ. δὲ τὴν πόλιν ἀποστερεῖ D. 24.9; ἀργυρίου ὁσίου IG 12.186.13; ὁ ταμίας τῶν ὁ. προσόδων OGI 229.58 (Smyrna, iii B. C.); ὁ ταμίας τῶν ὁ. Supp.Epigr. 1.366.58 (Samos, iii B. C.); ὅ. χωρίον a lawful place (for giving birth to a child), Ar. Lys. 743; ὅσιόν ἐστι folld. by inf., it is lawful, not forbidden by any law, E. IT 1045, etc.; οὐκ ὅσιόν ἐστι nefas est, Hdt. 6.81; οὐκ ὅσιον ποιεῦμαι I deem it impious, Id. 2.170, cf. D. Ephesians 5:3; οὐδὲ ὅσια (sc. ἐστι).. μιαίνειν Pl. R. 416e; οὐ γάρ σοι θέμις οὐδ' ὅσιον.. ἱστάναι κτερίσματα S. El. 432; ὅσια ποιέειν Hdt. 6.86. α'; λέγειν Id. 9.79; φωνεῖν S. Ph. 662; φρονεῖν E. El. 1203 (lyr.).

II

1. of persons, pious, devout, religious, ἄνδρες A. Supp. 27 (anap.), cf. E. Med. 850 (lyr.), etc.; Παλλάδος ὁ. πόλις Id. El. 1320 (anap.); ὅ. θιασῶται, μύσται, Ar. Ra. 327, 336 (both lyr.); ἐμαυτὸν ὅ. καὶ δίκαιον παρέχειν Antipho 2.2.2; ὅσιοι πρὸς οὐ δικαίους ἱστάμεθα Th. 5.104; opp. ἀνόσιος, E. Or. 547; opp. ἐπίορκος, X. An. 2.6.25; ὅσιος εἴς τινα, περὶ ξένους, E. Heracl. 719, Cyc. 125; πρὸς τοὺς τοκέας Gorg. 6.

2. sinless, pure, ἐξ ὁ. στομάτων Emp. 4.2; ὅ. ἔστω καὶ εὐαγής Lex Solonis ap. And. 1.96: c. gen., ἱερῶν πατρῴων ὅσιος in regard to the sacred rites of his forefathers, A. Th. 1015; ὅσιος ἀπ' εὐνᾶς E. Ion 150 (lyr.); also ὅσιαι χέρες pure, clean hands, A. Ch. 378 (anap.), cf. S. OC 470.

3. rarely of the gods, holy, Orph. H. 77.2; θεοῖς ὁ. καὶ δικαίοις CIG 3830 (Cotyaeum), cf. 3594 (Alexandria Troas).

4. title of five special priests at Delphi, Plu. 2.292d, 365a.

5. οἱ ὅσιοι 'the saints', LXX Psalms 30:4(29).4, al.

III Adv. ὁσίως Antipho 2.4.12, etc.; ὁ. οὔχ, ὑπ' ἀνάγκας δέ E. Supp. 63 (lyr.); οὐχ ὁ. Id. Hipp. 1287 (anap.), cf. Th. 2.5 (v. l.); καλῶς καὶ ὁ. Pl. Phd. 113d; δικαίως καὶ ὁ. Id. R. 331a; ὁ. καὶ κατὰ νόμον Id. Lg. 799b; ὁ. ἂν ὑμῖν ἔχοι τοῦτον θύειν.. it would be right for you that he should.., X. Cyr. 8.5.26: c. part., ὁ. ἂν ἔχοι αὐτῷ μὴ δεχομένῳ.. Id. HG 4.7.2: Comp. -ώτερον E. IT 1194, etc.: Sup., ὡς -ώτατα διαβιῶναι τὸν βίον Pl. Men. 81b, etc. (Not in Hom., who has only Subst. ὁσίη, v. ὁσία.)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ὅσιος , -ον

(so sometimes in cl., but most freq. -α , -ον ),

[in LXX chiefly for H2623, also for H2889, H3477, H8549;]

religiously right, righteous, pious, Holy: of men, Titus 1:8. Hebrews 7:26; by meton., . χεῖρας , 1 Timothy 2:8 (cf. Deuteronomy 32:4); of God, Revelation 15:4; Revelation 16:5; as subst., ὁ ὅ ., of the Messiah, Acts 2:27; Acts 13:35 (LXX); τὰ ὅ . Δανεὶδ τ . πιστά (Field, Notes, 121), Acts 13:34 (LXX).†

SYN.: see ἅγιος G40 (cf. also DB, ii, 399.b; iv, 352.b, and ref. s.v. -ίως ).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

παντοκράτωρ is common in the LXX (cf. Aristeas 185) usually for צְבָאוֹת, and is found in the NT novies, always, with one exception (2 Corinthians 6:18), in the book of Revelation, where Hort (Comm. ad Revelation 1:8) understands the title as denoting ";not One who can do anything, but One who holds together and controls all things."; Outside Jewish or Christian writers, he is able to cite only one occurrence of the word, viz. from a metrical Cretan inscr. παντοκράτωρ Ἑριούνιε (Hermes). We may compare an inscr. from Delos BCH vi. (1882), No. 25, p. 502 Διὶ τῷ πάντων κρατοῦντι καὶ Μητρὶ μεγάληι τῆι πάντων κρατούσῃ, cited by Cumont Les Religions Orientales, p. 267 (Engl. Tr. p. 227), where see the whole note on this attribute of omnipotence assigned to the Syrian and Phrygian deities.

The word is used as an imprecation in the account of a legal process, P Lips I. 40, where one of the parties is represented as saying ii. 13 εἰ μὴ ἦσαν πρὸς τῇ οἰκίᾳ μου, πάλαι ἂν ὁ Ἀσυγκρίτιος τετελεύτηκεν, μὰ τὸν παντοκρατορα. It is not infrequent in the Christian papyri, e.g. BGU III. 948.3 (iv/v A.D.) εὔχομε τὸν παντοκράτοραν θεόν, P Oxy VI. 925.1 (a prayer—v/vi A.D.) (= Selections, p. 131) ὁ θ (εὸ)ς ὁ παντοκράτωρ ὁ ἅγιος ὁ ἀληθινὸς. . ., and BGU III. 954.1 (an amulet—vi/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 132) δέσποτα θε () παντοκράτωρ ὁ πατὴ [ρ ] τοῦ κ (υρίο)υ. . . . We may add the interesting letter addressed to Paphnutius by Athanasius (can he be, as Bell suggests, St. Athanasius himself?) which, after the opening address, proceeds—ὁ π [α ]ντοκ [ράτωρ ] θεὸς καὶ ὁ Χρι [στὸς ] αὐτοῦ δοίη τὴν σὴν θεοσέβειαν π ̣[α ]ρ ̣αμένειν ἡ [μῖν ] π ̣ολὺν [χ ]ρό [νον (P Lond 1929.3—mid. iv/A.D.). Cf. also Kaibel 1067.5 (not earlier than Justinian) where the word is restored as an epithet of Χριστὸς ἄχραντος.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
οσια οσιά οσία όσια ὅσια οσίας όσιοι όσιοί οσίοις οσιον όσιον όσιόν ὅσιον ὅσιόν οσιος όσιος όσιός ὅσιος οσίου οσιους οσίους ὁσίους οσίω οσίων hosia hósia hosion hósion hósión hosios hósios hosious hosíous osia osion osios osious
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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