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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #40 - ἅγιος

Transliteration
hágios
Phonetics
hag'-ee-os
Origin
from hagos (an awful thing) [cf (G53), (G2282)]
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
1:88,14
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ἅγιον
 
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ἁγιότης
Definition   
Thayer's
  1. most holy thing, a saint
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (227)
Matthew 11
Mark 7
Luke 19
John 5
Acts 54
Romans 20
1 Corinthians 13
2 Corinthians 8
Ephesians 15
Philippians 3
Colossians 6
1 Thessalonians 6
2 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 2
Titus 1
Philemon 2
Hebrews 8
1 Peter 8
2 Peter 6
1 John 2
Jude 4
Revelation 25
NAS (248)
Matthew 10
Mark 8
Luke 21
John 6
Acts 53
Romans 20
1 Corinthians 12
2 Corinthians 8
Ephesians 15
Philippians 3
Colossians 6
1 Thessalonians 5
2 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 2
Titus 1
Philemon 2
Hebrews 26
1 Peter 9
2 Peter 5
1 John 2
Jude 6
Revelation 26
HCS (221)
Matthew 10
Mark 7
Luke 20
John 5
Acts 53
Romans 20
1 Corinthians 12
2 Corinthians 8
Ephesians 15
Philippians 3
Colossians 6
1 Thessalonians 5
2 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 2
Titus 1
Philemon 2
Hebrews 8
1 Peter 7
2 Peter 5
1 John 1
Jude 4
Revelation 25
BSB (234)
Matthew 10
Mark 7
Luke 20
John 5
Acts 53
Romans 20
1 Corinthians 12
2 Corinthians 8
Ephesians 15
Philippians 3
Colossians 6
1 Thessalonians 5
2 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 2
Titus 1
Philemon 2
Hebrews 19
1 Peter 8
2 Peter 5
1 John 1
Jude 4
Revelation 26
ESV (211)
Matthew 10
Mark 6
Luke 20
John 5
Acts 50
Romans 20
1 Corinthians 11
2 Corinthians 8
Ephesians 15
Philippians 3
Colossians 6
1 Thessalonians 5
2 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 2
Titus 1
Hebrews 8
1 Peter 8
2 Peter 5
1 John 1
Revelation 25
WEB (230)
Matthew 11
Mark 7
Luke 20
John 5
Acts 54
Romans 20
1 Corinthians 13
2 Corinthians 8
Ephesians 15
Philippians 3
Colossians 7
1 Thessalonians 6
2 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 2
Titus 1
Philemon 2
Hebrews 8
1 Peter 8
2 Peter 6
1 John 1
Jude 5
Revelation 26
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἅγιος [], α, ον,

devoted to the gods:

I in good sense, sacred, holy:

1 of things, esp. temples, ἈΦροδίτης ἱρὸν ἅ. Hdt. 2.41; ἱρο'ν Ἡρακλέος ἅ. ib. 44, cf. Pl. Criti. 116c, X. HG 3.2.19; θηρίον Antiph. 147.7; νηὸν ἐπὶ τψ χάσματι Ἥρης ἅ. ἐστήσατο Luc. Syr.D. 13: generally, θυσίαι, ξυμβόλαια, Isoc. 10.63, Pl. Lg. 729e (Sup.); μητρός.. ἐστι πατρὶς ἁγιώτερον Id. Cri. 51a; ὅρκος ἅ. Arist. Mir. 834b11; ., τό, temple, OGI 56.59 (Canopus), LXX Exodus 26:33, al., cf. Hebrews 9:2; τὸ ἅ. τῶν ἁγίων Holy of Holies, LXX l. c.; τὰ ἅ. τῶν ἁ. 1 Kings 8:6, etc., cf. Hebrews 9:3.

2. of persons, holy, pure, Ar. Av. 522 (anap.); λαὸς ἅ. Κυρίῳ LXX Deuteronomy 7:6, al.; οἱ ἅ. the Saints, 1 Corinthians 6:1,al.; πνεῦμα ἅ. the Holy Spirit, Matthew 3:11, al. Adv. ἁγίως καὶ σεμνῶς ἔχειν Isoc. 11.25.

II in bad sense, accursed, execrable, Cratin. 373, Eust. 1356.59. Never in Hom., Hes., or Trag. (who use ἁγνός); rare in Att. (v. supr.). (Possibly cognate with Skt. yajati 'sacrifice'.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἅγιος, , (from τό ἀγός religious awe, reverence; ἄζω, ἅζομαι, to venerate, revere, especially the gods, parents (Curtius, § 118)), rare in secular authors; very frequent in the sacred writings; in the Sept. for קָדושׁ;

1. properly reverend, worthy of veneration: τό ὄνομα τοῦ Θεοῦ, Luke 1:49; God, on account of his incomparable majesty, Revelation 4:8 (Isaiah 6:3, etc.), equivalent to ἔνδοξος. Hence, used:

a. of things which on account of some connection with God possess a certain distinction and claim to reverence, as places sacred to God which are not to be profaned, Acts 7:33; τόπος ἅγιος the temple, Matthew 24:15 (on which passage see βδέλυγμα, c.); Acts 6:13; Acts 21:28; the holy land or Palestine, 2 Macc. 1:29 2Macc. 2:18; τό ἅγιον and τά ἅγια (Winer's Grammar, 177 (167)) the temple, Hebrews 9:1, 24 (cf. Bleek on Heb. vol. ii. 2, p. 477f); specifically that part of the temple or tabernacle which is called 'the holy place' (מִקְדָּשׁ, Ezekiel 37:28; Ezekiel 45:18), Hebrews 9:2 (here Rec.st reads ἅγια); ἅγια ἁγίων (Winer's Grammar, 246 (231), cf. Exodus 29:37; Exodus 30:10, etc.) the most hallowed portion of the temple, 'the holy of holies,' (Exodus 26:33 (cf. Josephus, Antiquities 3, 6, 4)), Hebrews 9:3, in reference to which the simple τά ἅγια is also used: Hebrews 9:8, 25; Hebrews 10:19; Hebrews 13:11; figuratively of heaven, Hebrews 8:2; Hebrews 9:8, 12; Hebrews 10:19; ἅγια πόλις Jerusalem, on account of the temple there, Matthew 4:5; Matthew 27:53; Revelation 11:2; Revelation 21:2; Revelation 22:19 (Isaiah 48:2; Nehemiah 11:1, 18 (Complutensian LXX), etc.); τό ὄρος τό ἅγιον, because Christ's transfiguration occurred there, 2 Peter 1:18; (Θεοῦ) ἅγια διαθήκη i. e. which is the more sacred because made by God himself, Luke 1:72; τό ἅγιον, that worshipful offspring of divine power, Luke 1:35; the blessing of the gospel, Matthew 7:6; ἁγιωτάτῃ πίστις, faith (quae creditur i. e. the object of faith) which came from God and is therefore to be heeded most sacredly, Jude 1:20; in the same sense ἅγια ἐντολή, 2 Peter 2:21; κλῆσις ἅγια, because it is the invitation of God and claims us as his, 2 Timothy 1:9; ἅγιαι γραφαί (τά βιβλία τά ἅγια, 1 Macc. 12:9), which came from God and contain his Words, Romans 1:2.

b. of persons whose services God employs; as for example, apostles, Ephesians 3:5; angels, 1 Thessalonians 3:13; Matthew 25:31 (Rec.); Revelation 14:10; Jude 1:14; prophets, Acts 3:21; Luke 1:70 (Wis. 11:1); (οἱ) ἅγιοι (τοῦ) Θεοῦ ἄνθρωποι, 2 Peter 1:21 (R G L Tr text); worthies of the O. T. accepted by God for their piety, Matthew 27:52; 1 Peter 3:5.

2. set apart for God, to be, as it were, exclusively his; followed by a genitive or a dative: τῷ κυρίῳ, Luke 2:23; τοῦ Θεοῦ (equivalent to ἐκλεκτός τοῦ Θεοῦ) of Christ, Mark 1:24; Luke 4:34, and according to the true reading in John 6:69, cf. John 10:36; he is called also ἅγιος παῖς τοῦ Θεοῦ, Acts 4:30, and simply ἅγιος, 1 John 2:20. Just as the Israelites claimed for themselves the title οἱ ἅγιοι, because God selected them from the other nations to lead a life acceptable to him and rejoice in his favor and protection (Daniel 7:18, 22; 2 Esdr. 8:28), so this appellation is very often in the N. T. transferred to Christians, as those whom God has selected ἐκ τοῦ κόσμου (John 17:14, 16), that under the influence of the Holy Spirit they may be rendered, through holiness, partakers of salvation in the kingdom of God: 1 Peter 2:9 (Exodus 19:6), cf. Exodus 19:5; Acts 9:13, 32, 41; Acts 26:10; Romans 1:7; Romans 8:27; Romans 12:13; Romans 16:15; 1 Corinthians 6:1, 2; Philippians 4:21; Colossians 1:12; Hebrews 6:10; Jude 1:3; Revelation 5:8, etc.; (cf. B. D. American edition under the word ).

3. of sacrifices and offerings; prepared for God with solemn rite, pure, clean (opposed to ἀκάθαρτος): 1 Corinthians 7:14 (cf. Ephesians 5:3); connected with ἄμωμος, Ephesians 1:4; Ephesians 5:27; Colossians 1:22; ἀπαρχή, Romans 11:16; θυσία, Romans 12:1. Hence,

4. in a moral sense, pure, sinless, upright, holy: 1 Peter 1:16 (Leviticus 19:2; Leviticus 11:44); 1 Corinthians 7:34; δίκαιος καί ἅγιος, of John the Baptist, Mark 6:20; ἅγιος καί δίκαιος, of Christ, Acts 3:14; distinctively of him, Revelation 3:7; Revelation 6:10; of God pre-eminently, 1 Peter 1:15; John 17:11; ἅγιαι ἀναστροφαί, 2 Peter 3:11; νόμος and ἐντολή, i. e. containing nothing exceptionable, Romans 7:12; φίλημα, such a kiss as is a sign of the purest love, 1 Thessalonians 5:26; 1 Corinthians 16:20; 2 Corinthians 13:12; Romans 16:16. On the phrase τό ἅγιον πνεῦμα and τό πνεῦμα τό ἅγιον, see πνεῦμα, 4 a. Cf. Diestel, Die Heiligkeit Gottes, in Jahrbb. f. deutsch. Theol. iv., p. 1ff; (Baudissin, Stud. z. Semitisch. Religionsgesch. Heft ii., p. 3ff; Delitzsch in Herzog edition 2, see 714ff; especially) Cremer, Wörterbuch, 4te Aufl., p. 32ff (translation of 2nd edition, p. 84ff; Oehler in Herzog 19:618ff; Zezschwitz, Profangräcität as above with, p. 15ff; Trench, § lxxxviii; Campbell, Dissertations, diss. vi., part iv.; especially Schmidt, chapter 181).


Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἅγιος , -α , -ον

(<το ἅγος , religious awe; ἅζω , to venerate),

[in LXX chiefly for H6945;]

primarily, dedicated to the gods, sacred (Hdt.; rare in Att..., never in Horn., Hes. and Trag., who use ἁγνός ), hence, holy, characteristic of God, separated to God, worthy of veneration.

1. Its highest application is to God himself, in his purity, majesty, and glory: Luke 1:49, John 17:11, Revelation 4:8. Hence

(a) of things and places which have a claim to reverence as sacred to God, e.g. the Temple: Matthew 24:15, Hebrews 9:1;

(b) of persons employed by him, as angels: 1 Thessalonians 3:13; prophets, Luke 1:70; apostles, Ephesians 3:5.

2. Applied to persons as separated to God's service:

(a) of Christ, Mark 1:24, John 6:69, Acts 4:30;

(b) of Christians, Acts 9:13, Romans 1:7, Hebrews 6:10, Revelation 5:8.

3. In the moral sense of sharing God's purity: Mark 6:20, John 17:11, Acts 3:14, Revelation 3:7.

4. Of pure, clean sacrifices and offerings: 1 Corinthians 7:14, Ephesians 1:4.

SYN.: ἁγνός G53, pure, both in ceremonial and spiritual sense; ἱερός G2413 (sacer), sacred, that which is inviolable because of its (external) relation to God; ἅσιος (sanctus as opp. to nefas), that which is based on everlasting ordinances of right. (Cf. Tr., Syn., § 88; DB, 2, 399 f.; Cremer, 34, 594-601; MM, VGT, s.v.)


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The adjective is common as a title of the gods in the inscriptions, e.g. OGIS 378.1 (A.D. 18–9) θεῷ ἁγίῳ ὑψίστῳ : cf. ib. 721.1 ὁ δᾳδοῦχος τῶν ἁγιωτάτων Ἐλευσῖνι μυστηρίων. The superlative may be further illustrated (cf. Judges 1:20) from the oldest recovered Christian letter P Amh I. 3(a)iii. 22 f. (between A.D. 264 (265) and 282 (281)) τοῖς κατ᾽ α [ὐτὸν ἁγιω ]τάτοις προ ̣[εστῶσι ] : cf. Deissmann LAE, p. 192 ff. For τὸ ἅγιον as ";temple"; cf. OGIS 56.59 (the Canopus inscr. of Ptolemy III, B.C. 239) καθιδρῦσαι [sc. ἄγαλμα χρυσοῦν διάλιθον ] ἐν τῶι ἁγίωι.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αγια ἁγία ἁγίᾳ Ἅγια ἅγιά αγιαι ἅγιαι αγιαις ἁγίαις αγιαν ἁγίαν αγιας ἁγίας αγιε ἅγιε αγιοι ἅγιοι αγιοις ἁγίοις αγιον ἅγιον αγιος ἅγιος ἅγιός αγιου ἁγίου αγιους ἁγίους αγιω ἁγίῳ αγιων ἁγίων αγιωτατη ἁγιωτάτῃ θεοῦ agia agiai agiais agian agias agie agio agiō agioi agiois agion agiōn agios agiotate agiōtatē agiou agious hagia hagía Hágia hágiá hagiai hagíāi hágiai hagiais hagíais hagian hagían hagias hagías hagie hágie hagio hagiō hagioi hagíoi hagíōi hágioi hagiois hagíois hagion hagiōn hagíon hagíōn hágion hagios hágios hágiós hagiotate hagiōtatē hagiotátei hagiōtátēi hagiou hagíou hagious hagíous theou theoû
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