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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3751 - ὀσφῦς
- the hip (loin)
- to gird, gird about, the loins
- a loin, the (two) loins
- the place where the Hebrews thought the generative power (semen) resided
gen. ὀσφύος: acc. ὀσφῦν, also ὀσφύα AP 12.213 (Strat.): —
1. lion or loins, lower part of the back, Epich. 80, Hp. Aët. 20, Aph. 3.23, Arist. HA 493a22, al.; opp. κῶλα, ὦμοι, A. Pr. 497, Hdt. 2.40; loin of a victim, SIG 57.9 (Milet., v B. C.), 1037.2 (iv/iii B. C.), Pherecr. 23.4, Ar. Pax 1053, Lys. 964, Men. 319.12; of wasps, ἔχουσι κέντρον ἐκ τῆς ὀ. Ar. V. 225, cf. 740 (anap.); of a horse, X. Eq. 1.12; of a fish, Antiph. 132.6 (anap.).
2. Hellenist., metaph., ὁ καρπὸς τῆς ὀ., of a son, Acts 2:30, cf. LXX Genesis 35:11, al.
3. περιζώννυσθαι or ἀναζώννυσθαι τὴν ὀσφύν gird up one's loins, ib. Jeremiah 1:17; βυσσίνῳ ib. Daniel 10:5, cf. Luke 12:35. [ ῡ in nom. and acc. sg., which are accented ὀσφῦς, ὀσφῦν by Hdn.Gr. 2.937; ὀσφύς, -ύν freq. in codd., and this may be admitted for late writers: cf. ὀφρῦς.]
ὀσφύς , -ύος , ἡ ,
the loin: Matthew 3:4, Mark 1:6; metaph., περιζώννυσθαι (ἀναζ -) τ . ὀσφύας , Luke 12:35, Ephesians 6:14, 1 Peter 1:13; regarded, as by the Hebrews, as the seat of generative power, Hebrews 7:5; Hebrews 7:10; metaph., καρπὸς τ . ὀσφύος , Acts 2:30
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
";expose myself to danger"; (cf. classical παραβάλλομαι), occurs in the NT only in Philippians 2:30, but is cited by Deissmann (LAE, p. 84 n..5) from an Olbian inscr. of ii A.D. which is under no suspicion of appropriating a coinage of a NT writer—Latyschev I. 21.26 ff., where it is said of a certain Carzoasus—ἀλλὰ καὶ (μέχρι) περάτων γῆς ἐμαρτυρήθη τοὺς ὑπὲρ φιλίας κινδύνους μέχρι Σεβαστῶν συμμαχίᾳ (for dat. see Proleg. p. 64) παραβολευσάμενος, ";but also to the ends of the world it was witnessed of him that in the interests of friendship he had exposed himself to dangers as an advocate in (legal) strife (by taking his clients’ causes even) up to emperors."; The word is from παράβολος, ";venturesome,"; the verbal part expressing the energy of βάλλω, instead of being static as in παραβολή; see s.v. παραβάλλω.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Second Week after Epiphany