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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3776 - οὐσία

Root Word (Etymology)
from the feminine of (G5607)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. what one has, i.e. property, possessions, estate
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Luke 2
NAS (2)
Luke 2
CSB (2)
Luke 2
BSB (2)
Luke 2
ESV (2)
Luke 2
WEB (2)
Luke 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Ion. -ιη Hdt. 1.92, 6.86. ά, SIG 167.26 (Mylasa, iv B. C.); Dor. ἐσσία, ὠσία (qq. v.): : (ὀντ-, part. of εἰμί sum):

I that which is one's own, one's substance, property, Hdt. ll.cc., S. Tr. 911 (s. v. l.), E. HF 337, Hel. 1253 (pl., Fr. 354 (s. v. l.)), Ar. Ec. 729, Lys. 18.17, Pl. R. 551b, SIG l.c., etc.; opp. τὰ σώματα (civil status), And. 1.74; καλῶς.. ἐπεμελήθη τῶν οὐσιῶν ὑπὲρ τοῦ δημάρχου BSA 24.154 (Attica, iv B.C.); εἰ ἐκεκτήμην οὐ. if I had been a man of substance, Lys. 24.11; ὑπὲρ τὴν οὐ. δαπανᾶν Diph. 32.7; πατρῴαν οὐ. κατεσθίειν Anaxipp. 1.32, cf. Critias 45 D.; φανερὰ οὐσία real property, immovables, And. 1.118; opp. ἀφανής, Lys. 32.4; freq. of estates in Egypt, PTeb. 6.23 (ii B. C., pl.), BGU 650.3 (i A. D.), OGI 665.30 (i A. D.), etc.


1. in Philos., like Ion. φύσις (with which it is interchanged in various uses, e. g. Philol. 11, Pl. R. 359a, 359b, Arist. PA 646a25, Thphr. HP 6.1.1), stable being, immutable reality, opp. γένεσις, ὅτιπερ πρὸς γένεσιν οὐσία, τοῦτο πρὸς πίστιν ἀλήθεια Pl. Ti. 29c, cf. Sph. 232c; ὧν κίνησις γένεσιν παραλαβοῦσα ἀέναον οὐ. ἐπόρισεν Id. Lg. 966e; γένεσις μὲν τὸ σπέρμα, οὐ. δὲ τὸ τέλος Arist. PA 641b32, cf. 640a18, etc.; ὁδὸς εἰς οὐσίαν Id. Metaph. 1003b7: hence, being in the abstract, opp. non-being (τὸ μὴ εἶναι), Pl. Tht. 185c.

2. substance, essence, opp. πάθη ('modes'), Id. Euthphr. 11a; πάθη οὐσίας Arist. Metaph. 1003b7; opp. συμβεβηκότα ('accidents'), Id. APo. 83a24, PA 643a27; ἡ φύσις [τῆς ψυχῆς] καὶ ἡ οὐ., εἶθ' ὅσα συμβέβηκε περὶ αὐτήν Id. de An. 402a8.

3. true nature of that which is a member of a kind, defined as ὃ τυγχάνει ἕκαστον ὄν Pl. Phd. 65d; as τὸ ὅ ἐστι ib. 92d; as τὸ τί ἐστι Arist. APo. 90b30; τὸ εἶναί τε καὶ τὴν οὐ. Pl. R. 509b; expressed in a formula or definition, ψυχῆς οὐ. τε καὶ λόγον Id. Phdr. 245e; τὸ τί ἦν εἶναι οὗ ὁ λόγος ὁρισμός, καὶ τοῦτο οὐ. λέγεται Arist. Metaph. 1017b22; μόνης τῆς οὐ. ἐστὶν ὁ ὁρισμός ib. 1031a1.

4. the possession of such a nature, substantiality, ἔτι ἐπέκεινα τῆς οὐ. πρεσβείᾳ.. ὑπερέχοντος Pl. R. 509b.

5. in the concrete, the primary real, the substratum underlying all change and process in nature, applied by Arist. to the atoms of Democritus, Fr. 208; to τὰ ἁπλᾶ σώματα Id. Cael. 298a29, cf. Metaph. 1017b10; πᾶσαι αἱ φυσικαὶ οὐ. ἢ σώματα ἢ μετὰ σωμάτων γίγνονται Id. Cael. 298b3, al.; ταὐτὸν σῶμα καὶ οὐσίαν ὁριζόμενοι Pl. Sph. 246a; but also, νοητὰ ἄττα καὶ ἀσώματα εἴδη.. τὴν ἀληθινὴν οὐ. ib.b.

6. in Logic, substance as the leading category, Arist. Cat. 1b26, Metaph. 1045b29; αἱ πρῶται οὐ. (individuals), αἱ δεύτεραι οὐ. (species and genera), Id. Cat. 2b5, 2a15 (but ὁ ἄνθρωπος καὶ ὁ ἵππος.. οὐκ ἔστιν οὐ. ἀλλὰ σύνολόν τι Id. Metaph. 1035b29, cf. σύνθετος or συνθέτη οὐ. ib. 1043a30, de An. 412a16); ἡ μὲν ψυχὴ οὐ. ἡ πρώτη, τὸ δὲ σῶμα ὕλη Id. Metaph. 1037a5; ἡ ψυχὴ οὐ. ὡς εἶδος Id. de An. 412a19; ἡ οὐ. ἐντελέχεια ib. 21; [ ψυχὴ] οὐ. τοῦ ἐμψύχου Id. Metaph. 1035b15; of the abstract objects of mathematics, μονὰς οὐ. ἄθετος, στιγμὴ δὲ οὐ. θετός Id. APo. 87a36.

7. after Pl. and Arist. in various uses, as ἡ ἄποιος οὐ., = ἡ ὕλη, Zeno Stoic. 1.24; κατὰ οὐσίαν, opp. κατὰ δύναμιν ἢ ἐνέργειαν, Polystr.p.12 W.; πᾶς νοῦς ἀμέριστός ἐστιν οὐ. Procl. Inst. 171, cf. Plot. 2.4.5, 2.6.1, 4.7.8, 6.1.2, al.

8. Pythag. name for I, Theol.Ar. 6.

III name of a plaster, Aët. 15.15,45. αἱ οὐ. fireresisting substances, Zos.Alch.p.168 B.; of the four σώματα (copper, tin, lead, iron), Ps.-Democr. ap. eund. p.167 B. in Magic, a material thing by which a connexion is established between the person to be acted upon and the supernatural agent, e.g. a hair, λαβὼν βελόνην διείρων τὴν οὐ. εἰς αὐτήν PMag.Par. 1.2949, cf. PMag.Osl. 1.73; mould from a tomb, PMag.Par. 1.435; κυνοκεφάλου οὐ.,.. κυνὸς οὐ., = κόπρος (cf. 2460), ib.2687, etc.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

οὐσία, οὐσίας, (from ὤν, οὖσα, ὄν, the participle of εἰμί), what one has, i. e. property, possessions, estate (A. V. substance): Luke 15:12f. (Tobit 14:13; Herodotus 1, 92; Xenophon, Plato, Attic orators, others.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** οὐσία , -ας ,

(<οὖσα , fem. part. of εἰμί ),

[in LXX: Tobit 14:13, 3 Maccabees 3:28*;]

substance, property: Luke 15:12-13.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

orig. ";a failing to hear,"; ";a hearing amiss"; (incuria), and later active ";disobedience"; (inobedientia), as in Romans 5:19, where it is opposed to ὑπακοή. Cf. Trench Syn. p. 227 and see s.v. παρακούω. Two Byz. exx. of the subst. are found in P Lond IV. 1345.36, 1393.52 (cited by Preisigke Wörterbuch s.v.).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ουσιαν ουσίαν οὐσίαν ουσιας ουσίας οὐσίας ousian ousían ousias ousías
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