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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #3779 - οὕτω
- in this manner, thus, so
and before a consonant οὕτω (but sts. οὕτως before a consonant, Ar. Av. 63, Pl. Grg. 522c, D. 23.34, PPetr. 2p.20 (iii B. C.), PTeb. 124.18 (ii B. C.), etc., and οὕτω before a vowel is found in Poets and Ion. Prose, v. fin.); in Att. strengthd. οὑτωσί Pl. Grg. 503d, etc.; οὑτωσίν Hdn.Gr. 1.509.2; v. οὗτος Α: —
I Adv. of οὗτος,
1. in this way or manner, so, thus: οὕτως is antec. to ὡς, Il. 4.178, Od. 4.148, etc.; in Att. also οὕτως ὥσπερ S. Tr. 475, etc.; ὥσπερ.., οὕτω καὶ.. X. Cyr. 1.4.21; ὡσαύτως, ὥσπερ.., οὕτω καὶ.. Pl. Ion 534a; also οὕτως, ὅπως.. S. Tr. 330, X. Cyr. 1.1.2; poet. also ὥστε.., οὕτω δὲ.. S. Tr. 116 (lyr.): οὕτως is freq. left out after ὡς, ὡς ἔδοξεν αὐτοῖς, καὶ ἐποίουν ταῦτα Th. 8.1, cf. Theoc. 7.45 sq. — In Prose, the relat. Pron. freq. follows instead of ὥστε, v. infr. III: when two modes are opposed, they are freq. expressed by οὕτω and ἐκείνως, τότε μὲν ἐκείνως, νῦν δ' οὕτω Isoc. 12.172; οὕτω ῥᾷον ἢ 'κείνως Pl. R. 370a, etc. — Sts. οὕτω or -ως refers to what follows, thus, as follows, οὕτω χρὴ ποιεῖν: ἐὰν.. X. An. 2.2.2; οὑτωσὶ δὲ λογίζεσθε D. 18.244; οὕτω πως ὑπείληφα ib.269; οὑτωσί πως folld. by a quotation, Pl. Ap. 28c; καὶ οὕτως even so, even on this supposition, Th. 1.10; οὐδ' οὕτως Id. 2.76, 6.89, Lys. 1.14, v.l. in X. An. 4.8.3: strengthd. οὕτω δή Il. 2.158; οὕτω γὰρ δή τοι 15.201; οὕτω δή τι, v. infr. III; also οὕτω που so I ween, 2.116, Od. 9.262, etc.; οὕτω πῃ Il. 24.373; ὣς ὁ μὲν οὕτως ἐστὶ σόος so in this way is he saved, Od. 19.300: —
1. οὕτω δὴ ἔσται so it shall be, ratifying what goes before, 11.348; ἔσσεται οὕτως 16.31, etc.: in Prose οὕτως alone in answers, even so, just so, X. Oec. 1.9; so ἢ οὐχ οὕτως; — οὕτω μὲν οὖν Pl. R. 551b, etc.
2. emphat. with the imper., just, without more ado, ἔρρ' οὕτως Il. 22.498, cf. 21.184, Od. 6.218, 17.447; but, οὕτω νῦν ἀπόπεμπε as you say, 5.146.
3. in wishes or prayers, so, i.e. if you grant my prayer, οὕτως ἔρως σοι.. τελεσφόρος γένοιτο E. Med. 714; οὕτω τί σοι δοίησαν αἱ Μοῦσαι.. τοῦτον.. δεῖρον Herod. 3.1; also in protestations, so, i.e. only if what I say is true, οὕτως ὀναίμην τῶν τέκνων, μισῶ τὸν ἄνδρ' (as in Engl., so help me God, so mote I thrive, etc.) Ar. Th. 469, cf. Men. Epit. 530, Herod. 7. 25, Aristaenet. 2.13; οὕτω.. νομιζοίμην σοφός, ὡς.. Ar. Nu. 520.
4. in colloquial phrase, beginning a story, οὕτω ποτ' ἦν μῦς καὶ γαλῆ there were once on a time.., Id. V. 1182; οὕτως ἦν νεανίσκος Id. Lys. 785; ἦν οὕτω δὴ παῖς Pl. Phdr. 237b.
5. οὕτω with gen., τούτων μὲν οὕτω so much for this, A. Ag. 950; οὕτω καὶ τῶν οἰκονομικῶν (v.l. τῷ -κῷ) so also of.., Arist. Pol. 1253b27; ὥσπερ Χαλκὶς.. τῆς Εὐβοίας.. κεῖται, οὕτω Χερρονήσου.. ἡ Καρδιανῶν πόλις as Chalcis in respect of Euboea.., so Cardia in respect of the Chersonese, D. 23.182; so οὕτως ἔχω τινός or περί τινος, v. ἔχω (A) B. II. 2; also for εἰς τοῦτο, οὕτω δὲ τάρβους.. ἀφικόμην E. Ph. 361 codd. (dub. l.).
6. ὁ οὕτω καλούμενος, ὀνομαζόμενος, the so -called.., τῶν Ῥιπαίων οὕτω καλουμένων Ael. NA 11.1; τοῦ καὶ ὀνομασθέντος οὕτω ῥήτορος Hermog. Id. 2.11; Ποταμὸς δῆμος οὕτω καλούμενος P., a deme of that name, Str. 9.1.22.
7. οὕτω, or οὕτω δή, freq. introduces the apodosis after a protasis, ἐπειδὴ περιελήλυθε ὁ πόλεμος.., οὕτω δὴ Γέλωνος μνῆστις γέγονε Hdt. 7.158, cf. 150, Th. 1.131, 2.12, 19, etc.; esp. after parts., ἐν κλιβάνῳ πνίξαντες, οὕτω τρώγουσι, i.e. ἐπειδὰν πνίξωσιν, οὕτω.., Hdt. 2.92, cf. 100; also οὕτω δή Id. 7.174; τὰ ἄλλα καταστρεψάμενος, οὕτως.. στρατεῦσαι ὕστερον Th. 3.96; εἰς τὰ σκληρότατα ἀποβλέποντες, οὕτως ἂν μᾶλλον συννοήσαιμεν Pl. Phlb. 44e, cf. Grg. 457d, 507e, Ap. 29b; so ἔπειτα οὕτως X. An. 7.1.4: so also after the gen. abs., ὡς.. τῶν ἡγεμόνων ὑμῖν μὴ μεμπτῶν γεγενημένων, οὕτω τὴν γνώμην ἔχετε Th. 7.15, cf. X. Cyr. 1.6.11, An. 1.3.6, etc.
1. sts. in a really inferential sense, as we say so for therefore, S. Ant. 677; οὕτω δή Pl. Phd. 61b, etc. III to such an extent, so, so much, so very, so excessively, καλὸς οὕτω Il. 3.169; πρυμνόθεν οὕτως so entirely, A. Th. 1061 (anap.), cf. Th. 2.47, X. Cyr. 1.3.8; οὕτως τι Ar. Av. 63: freq. folld. by ὡς or ὥστε, Hdt. 1.32, X. An. 7.4.3, etc.: sts. the relat. ὅς takes the place of ὥστε, κρήνη οὕτω δή τι ἐοῦσα πικρή, ἣ.. κιρνᾷ (i. e. ὥστε κιρνᾶν) Hdt. 4.52; οὐκ ἔστιν οὕτω μῶρος ὃς θανεῖν ἐρᾷ S. Ant. 220; τίς δ' οὕτως ἄνους ὃς..; Ar. Ach. 736, cf. D. 8.44; also δυσχείμερος αὕτη ἡ.. χώρη οὕτω δή τί ἐστι, ἔνθα (i. e. ὥστε ἐνταῦθα) τοὺς μὲν ὀκτὼ τῶν μηνῶν ἀφόρητος οἷος γίνεται κρυμός Hdt. 4.28: sts. no connecting Particle is used, αἱ [κεφαλαὶ] οὕτω δή τι ἰσχυραί, μόγις ἂν λίθῳ παίσας διαρρήξειας so excessively hard, you could scarcely break them, Id. 3.12.
2. with Sup. Adj., τῆς οὕτω μεγίστης ἐγχειρήσεως ἀποσφαλείς Zos. 5.19. sts., like αὔτως, with a diminishing power, so, merely so, simply, in Hom. always μὰψ οὕτω, Il. 2.120 (for without μάψ he always uses αὔτως), cf. Hdt. 1.5; μὴ διὰ μέθης.. ἀλλ' οὕτω πίνοντας πρὸς ἡδονήν Pl. Smp. 176e, cf. Grg. 494e, Phdr. 235c, Tht. 147c, 158b, Thphr. Od. 67, etc.; ἐν συνουσίᾳ καὶ διατριβῇ οὕτως ἰδίᾳ D. 21.71, cf. 1.20; τοὺς ὀδόντας.. οὕτως ἂν τοῖς δακτύλοις αὐτοῖς.. παρατρίβειν, i.e. without a dentifrice, Diocl. Fr. 141; so οὕτω γε ἀπὸ στόματος Pl. Tht. 142d; οὕτω ποτέ Id. Ly. 216c; οὕτω πως D. 1.20; also, off-hand, at once, Pl. Grg. 464b, etc.; ἁπλῶς οὕτως Id. Lg. 633c; ἀλλ' οὕτως ἄπει; so, without a word more.. ? S. Ph. 1067; ἢ στραφεὶς οὕτως ἴω; Id. Ant. 315, cf. E. Heracl. 374 (lyr.); ἐφεξῆς οὑτωσὶ καθεζόμενος D. 21.119; ὡς οὕτω γ' ἀκοῦσαι at first hearing, Pl. Euthphr. 3b; so ὥς γε οὑτωσὶ ἀκοῦσαι Id. Ly. 216a; ἀκούειν μὲν οὕτως ἁπλῶς Id. Phlb. 12c; οὐ.. οὕτως ἄπει, = impune, E. Alc. 680. as Hebraism, οὕτως, = such a person (thing), οὕτως οὐδέποτε εἴδαμεν Mark 2:12, cf. LXX Genesis 29:26, Matthew 9:33, Luke 2:48, al. Position of οὕτω or οὕτως, mostly before the word which it limits, but in Poets sts. after, καλὸς οὕτω Il. 3.169; οὐδέ τι λίην οὕτω νώνυμός ἐστιν Od. 13.239; ἔρημος οὕτω, ἄγαν οὕτω, S. Ph. 487, 598: rarely at the end of a clause, Od. 18.255, Hdt. 7.170 (dub. l.): sts. separated from the word which it limits, οὕτως ἔχει τι δεινόν; S. Ph. 104; οὕτως ἐπὶ δεινὰς ἁρπαγάς Pl. R. 391d, cf. Th. 2.11; οὕτω δ' ἦν ὁ Φίλιππος ἐν φόβῳ.., ὥστε.. D. 18.33. Prosody. The last syll. of οὕτω is short before a vowel in Il. 3.169, Od. 3.315. The ι of οὑτωσί is always long, v. οὗτος init.
οὕτω and οὕτως (formerly in printed editions οὕτω appeared before a consonant, οὕτως before a vowel; but (recent critical editors, following the best manuscripts ("Codex Sinaiticus has οὕτω but fourteen times in the N. T." Scrivener, Collation etc., p. liv.; cf. his Introduction etc., p. 561), have restored οὕτως; viz. Treg. uniformly, 205 times; Tdf. 203 times, 4 times οὕτω; Lachmann 196 times, 7 times οὕτω (all before a consonant); WH 196 times, 10 times οὕτω (all before a consonant); cf. Tdf. Proleg., p. 97; WHs Appendix, p. 146f); cf. Winers Grammar, § 5, 1 b.; B. 9; (Lob. Pathol. Elementa ii. 218ff); cf. Krüger, § 11, 12, 1; Kühner, § 72, 3 a.), adverb (from οὗτος) (fr. Homer down), the Sept. for כֵּן, in this manner, thus, so:
1. by virtue of its native demonstrative force it refers to what precedes; "in the manner spoken of; in the way described; in the way it was done; in this manner; in such a manner; thus, so": Matthew 6:30; Matthew 11:26; Matthew 17:12; Matthew 19:8; Mark 14:59; Luke 1:25; Luke 2:48; Luke 12:28; Romans 11:5; 1 Corinthians 8:12; 1 Corinthians 15:11; Hebrews 6:9; (2 Peter 3:11 WH Tr marginal reading); οὐχ οὕτως ἔσται (L Tr WH ἐστιν (so also T in Mark)) ἐν ὑμῖν, it will not be so among you (I hope), Matthew 20:26; Mark 10:43; ὑμεῖς οὐχ οὕτως namely, ἔσεσθε, Luke 22:26; ἐάν ἀφῶμεν αὐτόν οὕτως namely, ποιοῦντα, thus as he has done hitherto (see ἀφίημι, 2 b.), John 11:48; it refers to similitudes and comparisons, and serves to adapt them to the case in hand, Matthew 5:16 (even so, i. e. as the lamp on the lampstand); Matthew 12:45; Matthew 13:49; Matthew 18:14; Matthew 20:16; Luke 12:21 (WH brackets the verse);
2. it prepares the way for what follows: Matthew 6:9; Luke 19:31; John 21:1; οὕτως ἦν, was arranged thus, was on this wise (Winers Grammar, 465 (434); Buttmann, § 129, 11), Matthew 1:18; οὕτως ἐστι τό θέλημα τοῦ Θεοῦ followed by an infinitive, so is the will of God, that, 1 Peter 2:15. before language quoted from the O. T.: Matthew 2:5; Acts 7:6; Acts 13:34, 47; 1 Corinthians 15:45; Hebrews 4:4.
3. with adjectives, so (Latintam, marking degree of intensity): Hebrews 12:21; Revelation 16:18; postpositive, τί δειλοί ἐστε οὕτως; Mark 4:40 (L Tr WH omit); in the same sense with adverbs, Galatians 1:6; or with verbs, so greatly, 1 John 4:11; οὕτως ... ὥστε, John 3:16. οὐδέποτε ἐφάνη οὕτως, it was never seen in such fashion, i. e. such an extraordinary sight, Matthew 9:33 (ἐφάνη must be taken impersonally; cf. Bleek, Synoptative Erklär. i. p. 406 (or Meyer at the passage)); οὐδέποτε οὕτως εἴδομεν, we never saw it so, i. e. with such astonishment, Mark 2:12.
4. οὕτως or οὕτως καί in comparison stands antithetic to an adverb or a relative pronoun (Winers Grammar, § 53, 5; cf. Buttmann, 362 (311)
c.): καθάπερ ... οὕτως, Romans 12:4; 1 Corinthians 12:12; 2 Corinthians 8:11; καθώς ... οὕτως, Luke 11:30; Luke 17:26; John 3:14; John 12:50; John 14:31; John 15:4; 2 Corinthians 1:5; 2 Corinthians 10:7; 1 Thessalonians 2:4; Hebrews 5:3; οὕτως ... καθώς, Luke 24:24; Romans 11:26; Philippians 3:17; ὡς ... οὕτως, Acts 8:32; Acts 23:11; Romans 5:15, 18; 1 Corinthians 7:17; 2 Corinthians 7:14; 1 Thessalonians 2:8; 1 Thessalonians 5:2; οὕτως ... ὡς, Mark 4:26; John 7:46 (L WH omit; Tr brackets the clause); 1 Corinthians 3:15; 1 Corinthians 4:1; 1 Corinthians 9:26; Ephesians 5:28; James 2:12; οὕτως ὡς ... μή ὡς, 2 Corinthians 9:5 (G L T Tr WH); ὥσπερ ... οὕτως, Matthew 12:40; Matthew 13:40; Matthew 24:27, 37, 39; Luke 17:24; John 5:21, 26; Romans 5:12, 19, 21; Romans 6:4; Romans 11:31; 1 Corinthians 11:12; 1 Corinthians 15:22; 1 Corinthians 16:1; 2 Corinthians 1:7 R G; Galatians 4:29; Ephesians 5:24 R G; after καθ' ὅσον, Hebrews 9:27f; οὕτως ... ὅν τρόπον, Acts 1:11; Acts 27:25; ὅν τρόπον ... οὕτως, 2 Timothy 3:8 (Isaiah 52:14); κατά τήν ὁδόν ἥν λέγουσιν αἵρεσιν οὕτω κτλ., after the Way (i. e. as it requires (cf. ὁδός, 2 a. at the end)) so etc. Acts 24:14.
5. Further, the following special uses deserve notice:
a. (ἔχει) ὅς (better ὁ) μέν οὕτως ὅς (better ὁ) δέ οὕτως, one after this manner, another after that, i. e. different men in different ways, 1 Corinthians 7:7 (πότε μέν οὕτως καί πότε οὕτως φάγεται ἡ μάχαιρα, 2 Samuel 11:25).
b. οὕτως, in the manner known to all, i. e. according to the context, so shamefully, 1 Corinthians 5:3.
c. in that state in which one finds oneself, such as one is (cf. Winer's Grammar, 465 (434)): τί με ἐποίησας οὕτως, Romans 9:20; οὕτως of those εἶναι, μένειν who remain unmarried, 1 Corinthians 7:26, 40; ὁ νικῶν οὕτως περιβαλεῖται viz. as (i. e. because he is) victor (others in the manner described in verse 4), Revelation 3:5 L T Tr WH.
d. thus forthwith, i. e. without hesitation (cf. English off-hand, without ceremony, and the colloquial right, just): John 4:6; cf. Passow, under the word, 4; (Liddell and Scott, under the word, IV.; see 1 above; add John 13:25 T WH Tr brackets (cf. Green, Critical Notes at the passage))
e. in questions (Latinsicine?) (English exclamatory so then, what): Mark 7:18 (German sonach) (others take οὕτως here as expressive of degree. In Matthew 26:40, however, many give it the sense spoken of; cf. too 1 Corinthians 6:5); οὕτως ἀποκρίνῃ; i. e. so impudently, John 18:22; with an adjective, so (very), Galatians 3:3. (But these examples, although classed together by Fritzsche also (Commentary on Mark, p. 150f), seem to be capable of discrimination. The passage from Galatians, for instance, does not seem to differ essentially from examples under 3 above.) f. In classical Greek οὕτως often, after a conditional, concessive, or temporal protasis, introduces the apodosis (cf. Passow, under the word, 1 h.; (Liddell and Scott, under the word I. 7)). 1 Thessalonians 4:14 and Revelation 11:5 have been referred to this head; Buttmann, 357 (307); (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 60, 5 (especially a.)). But questionably; for in the first passage οὕτως may also be taken as equivalent to under these circumstances, i. e. if we believe what I have said (better cf. Winer's Grammar, as above); in the second passage οὕτως denotes in the manner spoken of, i. e. by fire proceeding out of their mouth.
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rarely (B1., § 5, 4; WH, App., 146 f.) οὕτω ,
(< οὗτος ),
[in LXX chiefly for H3653;]
in this way, so, thus;
1. referring to what precedes: Matthew 5:16; Matthew 6:30, Mark 10:43; Mark 14:59, Luke 1:25; Luke 2:48; Luke 15:7, John 3:8, Romans 11:5, 1 Corinthians 8:12, al.; οὕτως καί , Matthew 17:12, Mark 13:29, al.; pleonastically, resuming a ptcp. (cl.; v. 131., § 74, 6), Acts 20:11; Acts 27:17.
2. Referring to what follows: Matthew 1:18; Matthew 6:9, Luke 19:31, John 21:1, 1 Peter 2:15; bef. quotations from OT, Matthew 2:5, Acts 7:6, 1 Corinthians 15:45, Hebrews 4:4.
3. C. adj. (marking intensity) : Hebrews 12:21, Revelation 16:18; similarly c. adv., Galatians 1:6 (cl.).
4. As a predicate (Bl., § 76, 1) : Matthew 1:18; Matthew 9:33, Mark 2:1-2; Mark 4:26, Romans 4:18; Romans 9:20, 1 Peter 2:15; οὕ . ἔχειν (Lat. sic or ita se habere), Acts 7:1, al.; ἐκαθέζετο οὕ . (as be was, without delay or preparation), John 4:6.
5. In comparison, with correlative adv.: καθάπερ . . . οὕ ., Romans 12:4-5, al.; καθὼς . . . οὕ ., Luke 11:30, al.; οὕ . . . καθώς , Luke 24:24, al.; ὡς . . . οὕ ., Romans 5:15, al.; οὕ . . . ὡς , Mark 4:26, al.; ὥσπερ . . . οὕ ., Matthew 12:40, al.; οὕ . . . οὕ ., 1 Corinthians 7:7.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
In accordance with its derivation this verb suggests primarily looking at something not immediately in the line of vision, which may be seen e.g. by stretching or stooping, and, ";when used figuratively, it commonly implies a rapid and cursory glance, never the contrary"; (Hort ad 1 Peter 1:12; see also his note on James 1:25). An instructive ex. is P Oxy III. 475.23 (A.D. 182) where a slave, anxious to catch a glimpse of Castanet-players in the court below, is described as—βουληθεὶς ἀπὸ τοῦ δώματος τῆς αὐτῆς οἰκίας παρακύψαι : cf. John 20:11, Ev. Petr. II. The verb is also found in P Lips I. 29.10 (a will—A.D. 295) μηδὲ παρακ [ύ ]π ̣[τ ]ε ̣ιν ᾡτινιοῦν πράγμα [τ ]ι δια [φ ]ε ̣ρ ̣ο ̣ν ̣[τ ]ί μοι. Παρακύπτω is discussed by Field Notes pp. 80 f., 235 f., and Abbott foh. Voc. p. 300 ff. Ὑπερκύπτω occurs in Syll 802 (= .3 1168).91 (c. B.C. 320) ὑπερέκυπτε εἰς τὸ ἄβατον. See also s.vv. κύπτω, ἀνακύπτω, κατακύπτω, and Epict. i. 1. 16 (cited by Sharp Epict. p. 75).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.