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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3789 - ὄφις
gen. ὄφεως, poet. also ὄφεος E. Supp. 703, Ba. 1026, 1331; Dor. and Ion. ὄφιος Hes. Th. 322, Hdt. 9.81, Arat. 82: —
1. serpent, αἰόλος Il. 12.208; γλαυκῶπα ποικιλόνωτον ὄφιν Pi. P. 4.249, cf. A. Ch. 544, S. Ph. 1328, Hdt. 8.41, Pl. Phd. 112d, R. 358b, etc.; ὁ ψυχρὸς ὄ. Theoc. 15.58; equiv. to δράκων in Hes. Th. 322, 825: metaph., πτηνὸν ἀργηστὴν ὄφιν, of an arrow, A. Eu. 181.
1. like δράκων, a serpent-like bracelet, Men. 387, Nicostr. Com. 33, Philostr. 22; ὄφεις is Att. for ψέλλια acc. to Moer. p.288 P.
2. τρικάρηνος ὄ. ὁ χάλκεος dedicated at Delphi (= SIG 31), Hdt. 9.81.
III the constellation Serpens, Arat. 82, Eudox. ap. Hipparch. 1.2.18. a creeping plant, Hp. Mul. 2.114. a kind of fish, v. ὀφίδιον 11. guinea-worm (elsewh. δρακόντιον), Ruf. Interrog. 65. = ὀφίασις I, Cels. 6.4, Poll. 4.192. [The first syll. is sts. made long in the older Poets, αἰόλον ὄφιν Il. 12.208, cf. Hippon. 49.6; so ὀφιοέσσης Antim. 78. It was then pronounced (and perh. written) ὄπφις, ὀπφιοέσσης, v. Eust. Il. l.c. — The ult. of the nom. and acc. ὄφις, ὄφιν is commonly long, as in Hes. Th. 334, A. Ch. 928, A.R. 2.1269, Mosch. 4.22; short only in later Poets, as A.R. 4.128, 1398, Arat. 578.]
ὄφις , -εως , ὁ ,
[in LXX chiefly for H5175;]
a serpent, snake: Matthew 7:10 Mark 16:18, Luke 10:19; Luke 11:11, John 3:14, 1 Corinthians 10:9, Revelation 9:19; as typical of wisdom and cunning, Matthew 10:16; Matthew 23:23, 2 Corinthians 11:3 (cf. Genesis 31:1-55); of Satan (cf. Genesis 3:1, Wisdom of Solomon 2:23-24, 4 Maccabees 18:8), Revelation 12:9; Revelation 12:14; Revelation 12:11; Revelation 20:2.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
παραμυθία in its only occurrence in the NT, 1 Corinthians 14:3 (cf. Sap 19.12), refers to spiritual ";encouragement"; or ";comfort."; J. Weiss ad l. thinks that the idea may be derived from the tales which a mother or nurse relates to a child : cf. 1 Thessalonians 2:11 and MGr παραμύθι, ";fable,"; ";tale."; In the Christian P Oxy X. 1298.2 (iv/A.D.) the writer addresses his correspondent as—παραμυθίᾳ τῶν φίλων, ";the consolation of his friends"; : cf. P Thead 17.17 (A.D. 332). In BGU IV. 1024vii. 12 ff., a long legal report of the end of iv/A.D., we read of an old woman who sold her daughter πορνοβοσκῷ, ἵνα δυνηθῶ διατραφῆναι. The girl is murdered, and the mother demands that the murderer πα ̣ρ ̣α ̣σ ̣χεῖν α ̣ὐτῇ εἰς λόγον δ ̣ι ̣α ̣τροφῶν ο ̣̔̓λ ̣ι ̣[γ ]ην τινὰ τοῦ βίου παραμυθίαν. The word seems to have developed into the ";comforts"; of life, as with us—it is at any rate ";consolation"; in a money form that is suggested. Cf. the late use of the word = ";gratuity"; (Lat. solatium) in P Lond V. 1785.5 (vii/A.D.), and its technical use in monetary transactions, as illustrated in P Hamb I. p. 128 n.1.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Second Week of Advent