Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #3877 - παρακολουθέω
- to follow after
- so to follow one as to be always at his side
- to follow close, accompany
- to be always present, to attend one wherever he goes
- to follow up a thing in mind so as to attain to the knowledge of it
- to understand, (cf our follow a matter up, trace its course)
- to examine thoroughly, investigate
- to follow faithfully i.e a standard or rule, to conform one's self to
follow or attend closely, dog one's steps, τινι Ar. Ec. 725; τὸ παρακολουθοῦν εἴδωλον ἑκάστῳ Pl. Sph. 266c, cf. D. 21.14,69, Philem. 124; οὓς σὺ ζῶντας μέν, ὦ κίναδος, κολακεύων παρηκολούθεις D. 18.162; πόροι κατὰ πάντα τὸν πλεύμονα παρακολουθοῦντες Arist. HA 496a29; accrue, esp. of loss or damage, c. dat., PSI 3.168.24 (ii B. C.), PRein. 18.15 (ii B. C.).
2. make a succession of growths, Thphr. HP 6.4.8.
II metaph., follow closely, attend minutely to, π. τῷ νοσήματι Pl. R. 406b; π. ἅπασι [τοῖς πονηρεύμασι] trace accurately all his knaveries, D. 19.257; π. τοῖς πράγμασιν ἐξ ἀρχῆς Id. 18.172; π. χρόνοις follow all the times and dates, Nicom.Com. 1.20, cf. Luke 1:3; τοῖς δικαίοις π. Demad. 1; π. ταῖς τιμαῖς (prices) PMich.Zen. 28.26 (iii B. C.); τῇ Ὁνοράτου κρίσει POxy. 653.29 (ii A.D.).
2. of an audience, προσέχειν τὸν νοῦν καὶ π. εὐμαθῶς Aeschin. 1.116: generally, follow with the mind, understand, π. τῷ πῶς.. Plb. 1.12.7, etc.: as Stoic term, Arr. Epict. 2.16.33, etc.; παρακολουθεῖν τούτῳ ὅτι.. understand that.., ib. 2.26.3; simply, π. ὅτι.. Gal. 11.554; διότι.. PPetr. 2p.132 (iii B. C.): c. part., π. ἐλεγχόμενος Arr. Epict. 4.5.21: c. acc., τίς παρακολουθεῖ ταῦτα; Damox. 2.25; π. τὰ ἐψηφισμένα become acquainted with.., GDI 4940.8 (Cret.), cf. BSA 29.64 (Eretrian, found at Sparta), IG 11(4).1065a17 (Delos), etc.: in later Philosophy, ἑαυτῷ π. to be conscious, Plot. 1.4.5; esp. to be self- conscious, νοῦν νοοῦντα μόνον, μὴ παρακολουθοῦντα δὲ ἑαυτῷ ὅτι νοεῖ Id. 2.9.1, cf. 4.4.37, Iamb. Myst. 3.4, 14.
3. of things, πυρετοὶ π. μοι καὶ ἀλγήματα D. 54.11, cf. Ruf. ap. Orib. 44.17.2; τῷ βίῳ π. keep company with, keep close to, of things that benefit, Isoc. 15.262; αὐτοῖς π. ἡ ἔχθρα [ἡ] παρὰ Λακεδαιμονίων D. 59.98; of rules, hold good throughout, δι' ὅλης τῆς ἱππικῆς π. X. Eq. 8.14.
4. of a logical property, τὸ ἀεὶ παρακολουθοῦν Arist. Top. 131b9; also of the genus, ib. 125b28, cf. 123a19; of notions inseparably connected one with another, Id. Cat. 8a33, Metaph. 1054a14; of cause and effect, Id. APo. 99a17; τὸ παρακολουθοῦν τινι constant attribute, Phld. Sign. 8, 19, cf. A.D. Pron. 4.3; to be proper to, ταῖς αἰσθηταῖς [ἁρμονίαις] Plot. 1.6.3.
παρακολουθέω, παρακολούθω: future παρακολουθήσω; 1 aorist παρηκολούθησα (1 Timothy 4:6 L marginal reading WH marginal reading; 2 Timothy 3:10 L T Tr WH text); perfect παρηκολούθηκα;
1. to follow after; so to follow one as to be always at his side (see παρά, IV. 1); to follow close, accompany (so from Aristophanes and Xenophon down).
a. to be always present, to attend one wherever he goes: τίνι, Mark 16:17 (where Tr WH text ἀκολουθησει, which see).
b. to follow up a thing in mind so as to attain to the knowledge of it, i. e. to understand (cf. our follow a matter up, trace its course, etc.); to examine thoroughly, investigate: πᾶσιν (i. e. πράγμασιν), all things that have taken place, Luke 1:3 (very often so in Greek auth, as Demosthenes, pro cor. c. 53 (p. 285, 23)).
c. to follow faithfully namely, a standard or rule, to conform oneself to: with a dative of the thing, 1 Timothy 4:6; 2 Timothy 3:10 (2 Macc. 9:27). Cf. the full discussion of this word by Grimm in the Jahrbb. f. deutsche Theol. for 1871, p. 46f.
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** παρ -ακολουθέω , -ῶ ,
[in LXX: 2 Maccabees 8:11; 2 Maccabees 9:27 R*;]
c. dat., to follow closely, accompany. Metaph., in various senses,
(a) to result: Mark 16:17;
(b) to follow up, trace, investigate: Luke 1:3 (so freq. in cl.);
(c) to follow as a standard of conduct: 1 Timothy 4:6, 2 Timothy 3:10. (For exx. from Papyri, v. MM, xviii.)†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
";level,"; ";low-lying,"; is found in the NT only in Luke 6:17 (Vg in loco campestri) : cf. Aristeas 107 τινων μὲν πεδινῶν. . . τινων δὲ ὀρεινῶν. For the adj. πεδιακός see BGU III. 915.17 (A.D. 49–50) πεδιακ (ῆς) ὁδο (ῦ), for the subst. πεδίον, see P Tebt I. 56.6 (late ii/B.C.) γ ̣ε ̣ι ̣ν ̣[ωσ ]κε δε ̣̣ περὶ τοῦ κατακεκλῦσθαι τὸ πεδίον ἡμῶν, ";you must hear about our plain having been inundated"; (Edd.), P Fay 36.14 (lease—A.D. 111–112) ἐποικίων καὶ πεδίων, ";farmsteads and plains,"; and for πεδιοφύλαξ, ";the guard of an estate,"; see ib. 113.4, 114.6 (both A.D. 100).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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