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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3878 - παρακούω

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G3844) and (G191)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to hear aside
    1. causally or carelessly or amiss
  2. to be unwilling to hear
    1. on hearing to neglect, to pay no heed to
    2. to refuse to hear, pay no regard to, disobey
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2790 ‑ חָרֵשׁ (khaw‑rash');  5674 ‑ עָבַר (aw‑bar');  6213 ‑ עָשָׂה (aw‑saw');  8085 ‑ שָׁמַע (shaw‑mah');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Matthew 2
NAS (5)
Matthew 4
Mark 1
CSB (3)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
BSB (3)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
ESV (2)
Matthew 2
WEB (2)
Matthew 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


hear beside, esp. hear accidentally, hear talk of, Δημοκήδεος τὴν τέχνην Hdt. 3.129; ἀξίων λόγου πραγμάτων Pl. 339e; παρακήκοα νῦν ὅτι τίκτει AP 5.74 (Rufin.).

II eavesdrop, overhear from, δεσποτῶν ἅττ' ἂν λαλῶσι Ar. Ra. 750; τι παρά τινος Pl. Euthd. 300d; π. τινός overhear him, Luc. Merc.Cond. 37; π. τὸν λόγον Mark 5:36. III hear imperfectly or wrongly, misunderstand, ἀκούειν τι τοῦ λόγου, παρακούειν δέ Arist. EN 1149a26, cf. Pl. Prt. 330e, Tht. 195a, Phld. Mus. p.102 K., Ceb. 3, Luc. Anach. 31; ἑκουσίως π. D.S. 30.8. hear carelessly, take no heed of, τῆς παραγγειλάσης φύσεως Epicur. Fr. 200; τῶν γραφομένων Plb. 24.9.1, cf. Luc. Salt. 6, etc.; τῶν ἐντολῶν LXX To. 3.4; τῶν λεγομένων Plb. 7.12.9 (but τὰ λεγόμενα LXX Ezra 3:3).

2. c. gen. pers., PHib. 1.170 (iii B.C.), Plb. 2.8.3, 3.15.2, Matthew 18:17 : Pass., to be disregarded, Plb. 5.35.5; περί τινος Id. 30.20.2, prob. cj. in 23.3.3.

3. disobey, τοῦ θεοῦ J. AJ 1.10.4: abs., LXX Isaiah 65:12, J. AJ 1.1.4, Luc. Sat. 10: Pass., J. AJ 6.7.4.

4. pretend not to hear, Plu. Phil. 16, Luc Jud.Voc. 2.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

παρακούω: 1 aorist παρήκουσα;

1. to hear aside i. e. casually or carelessly or amiss (see παρά, IV. 2) (often so in classical Greek; on the frequent use of this verb by Philo see Siegfried, Philo van Alex. as above with (1875), p. 106).

2. to be unwilling to hear, i. e. on hearing to neglect, to pay no heed to (with a genitive of the person, Polybius 2, 8, 3; 3, 15, 2); contrary to Greek usage (but cf. Plutarch, Philop. § 16, 1 καί παριδεῖν τί καί παρακουσαι τῶν ἁμαρτανομενων, de curios. § 14 πείρω καί τῶν ἰδίων ἐνια παρακουσαι πότε καί παριδεῖν, with an accusative, τόν λόγον, Mark 5:36 T WH Tr text (others, 'overhearing the word as it was being spoken'; cf. Buttmann, 302 (259)); to refuse to hear, pay no regard to, disobey: τίνος, what one says, Matthew 18:17 (Tobit 3:4; τά ὑπό τοῦ βασιλέως λεγόμενα, Esther 3:3).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

παρ -ακούω ,

[in LXX: Ezra 3:3; Ezra 3:8 (H5674, H6213, c. neg.) Ezra 4:14; Ezra 7:4 (H2790 hi.), Isaiah 65:12 (H8085, c. neg.), 1 Esdras 4:11, Tobit 3:4 *;]

1. to overhear.

2. to hear amiss or imperfectly.

3. Later (as in LXX, Polyb., Plut.; also in Papyri, v. MM, xviii), to hear without heeding, take no heed: Mark 5:36; c. gen., Matthew 18:17.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

On Acts 20:18 Blass remarks : ";πεξεύειν de terrestri (non necessario pedestri) itinere."; An interesting parallel to the same passage is noted by Moffatt (Exp VIII. xvii. p. 237) from Plutarch’s life of Marcus Cato (ix), where Cato states that one of the three things he regretted in life was πλεύσας ὅπου δυνατὸν ἧν πεζεῦσαι, ";having once sailed to a place where he could have walked,";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
παρακούεις παρακούουσι παρακουσας παρακούσας παρακουση παρακούση παρακούσῃ παρακούσης παρεκρούσατο παρηκούσατε parakousas parakoúsas parakouse parakousē parakoúsei parakoúsēi
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