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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3941 - πάροικος

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G3844) and (G3624)
Parts of Speech
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  1. dwelling near, neighbouring
  2. in the NT, a stranger, a foreigner, one who lives in a place without the right of citizenship
  3. metaph.
    1. without citizenship in God's kingdom
    2. one who lives on earth as a stranger, a sojourner on the earth
    3. of Christians whose home is in heaven
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1471 ‑ גֹּי (go'ee, go'‑ee);  1616 ‑ גֵּיר (gare, gare);  7934 ‑ שָׁכֵן (shaw‑kane');  8453 ‑ תֹּשָׁב (to‑shawb', to‑shawb');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (4)
Acts 2
Ephesians 1
1 Peter 1
NAS (4)
Acts 2
Ephesians 1
1 Peter 1
HCS (4)
Acts 2
Ephesians 1
1 Peter 1
BSB (4)
Acts 2
Ephesians 1
1 Peter 1
ESV (4)
Acts 2
Ephesians 1
1 Peter 1
WEB (4)
Acts 2
Ephesians 1
1 Peter 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πάροικος, ον,

dwelling beside or near, neighbouring, c. gen., Κάδμου πάροικοι.. δόμων S. Ant. 1155; [ πόλεις]π.Ρῃκίων ἐπαύλων A. Pers. 869 (lyr.): c. dat., ποταμῷ παροίκους Ἅλυϊ Diog.Trag. 1.7, cf. Th. 3.113: abs., ἡ π. πηλαμύς S. Fr. 503; neighbour, οὐκ ἀσίνης π. Sapph. 80; Ἀττικὸς π., prov. of a restless neighbour, Arist. Rh. 1395a18, Duris 96J.

2. π. πόλεμος war with neighbours, Hdt. 7.235.

II foreign, alien, LXX Genesis 15:13, al.; σπέρμα π. ἐν γῇ ἀλλοτρίᾳ Acts 7:6 : as Subst., sojourner in another's house, D.L. 1.82: generally, alien, stranger, LXX Leviticus 22:10 : in later Greek, = μέτοικος, SIG 398.37 (Cos, iii B. C.), IG 7.2712.64 (Acraeph.), OGI 1338.12,20, al.(Pergam., ii B. C.), etc.; = colonus, Cod.Just. 1.34.1 (pl.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πάροικος, πάροικον (παρά and οἶκος);

1. in classical Greek dwelling near, neighboring.

2. in the Scriptures a stranger, foreigner, one who lives in a place without the right of citizenship; (R. V. sojourner); the Sept. for גֵּר and תּושָׁב (see παροικέω 2, and παροικία (and cf. Schmidt, Syn., 43, 5; Liddell and Scott, under the word)): followed by ἐν with the dative of place, Acts 7:6, 29; metaphorically, without citizenship in God's kingdom: joined with ξένος and opposed to συμπολίτης, Ephesians 2:19 (μόνος κύριος Θεός πολίτης ἐστι, πάροικον δέ καί ἐπηλυτον τό γενητον ἅπαν, Philo de cherub. § 34 (cf. Mangey 1:161 note)); one who lives on earth as a stranger, a sojourner on the earth: joined with παρεπίδημος (which see), of Christians, whose fatherland is heaven, 1 Peter 2:11. (Cf. Ep. ad Diognet. § 5, 5 [ET].)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

άρ -οικος , -ον ,

[in LXX chiefly for H1616, H8453;]

1. in cl. Attic, dwelling near, neighbouring; as subst., a neighbour.

2. In late writers (LXX, Philo) and in Iuser. (Deiss., BS, 227 f.; Kennedy, Sources, 102), foreign, alien; as subst., an alien, a sojourner: Acts 7:6 (LXX), Acts 7:29; metapb., ξένοι καὶ Papyri (opp. to συμπολίτης ), Ephesians 2:19; Papyri καὶ παρεπιδήμους (q.v.), 1 Peter 2:11 (v. Lft. on Clem. Rom., 1 Co., § 1).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The appearance of ]περιουσι [ between hiatus in CP Herm I. 32.4 is tantalizing, as there is no indication in this tiny fragment what the meaning may be. The verb περίειμι, ";survive,"; may be illustrated from P Oxy I. 37i. 26 (A.D. 49) (= Chrest. II. p. 87, Selections, p. 50) <τῶν > στα ]τήρων π ̣[ερ ]ι ̣όντων, ";the staters (forming a nurse’s wages) remaining in my possession,"; ib. II. 243.10 (A.D. 79) ὁπότε περιῆν, ";in her lifetime"; (Edd.), and P Strass I. 52.8 (A.D. 151) τὰ. . . περιεσόμενα π [άν ]τα εἰς τὸ ἴδιον.

For the subst. see P Fay 20.13 (Imperial rescript—iii/iv A.D.) οὐ διὰ περιουσίαν πλούτου, ";not owing to a superfluity of wealth,"; and P Flor III. 367.12 (iii/A.D.) where the writer complains that his correspondent is despising his friends—πλούτῳ γαυρωθεὶς (";puffed up";) [καὶ ] πολλῇ χρημάτων περιουσίᾳ. In the important letter of Claudius to the Alexandrines, P Lond 1912 (A.D. 41), the Emperor enjoins the Jews to enjoy in a city not their own .95 περιουσίας ἁπάντων ἀγαθῶν, ";an abundance of all good things"; (Bell). Cf. also Gnomon 6 (c. A.D. 150) (= BGU V. 1. p. 13) τετάντου μέρους ἧς ἔχει περιουσίας, and P Oxy XIV. 1642.25 (A.D. 289) τῶ ]ν ἐν περιουσίᾳ τυγχανόντων.

Reference should be made to Lightfoot On a Fresh Revision.3 App. I. p. 217 ff. ";On the words ἐπιούσιος, περιούσιος.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
παροικοι πάροικοι παροικον πάροικον παροικος πάροικος πάροικός παροίκου παροικους παροίκους παροίκω παροίκων paroikoi pároikoi paroikon pároikon paroikos pároikos paroikous paroíkous
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