Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3948 - παροξυσμός
- an inciting, incitement
irritation, exasperation, D. 45.14, LXX (Jeremiah 32:37) 39:37, Acts 15:39; π. ἀγάπης provoking or exciting to. Hebrews 10:24.
2. severe fit of a disease, paroxysm, Hp. Aph. 1.11, 12, Gal. 17(2).387, etc.
παροξυσμός , -οῦ , ὁ
(< παροξύνω ),
[in LXX: Deuteronomy 29:28, Jeremiah 32:37 (H7110)*;]
1. stimulation, provocation: Papyri ἀγάπης , Hebrews 10:14.
2. irritation: Acts 15:39.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
In Acts 16:22 περιρρήξαντες is generally understood (AV, RV) of ";stripping off"; the garments of the prisoners in preparation for a beating (cf. 2 Maccabees 4:38). Ramsay, however, refers the action to the Praetors themselves, ";rent their clothes in loyal horror, with the fussy, consequential airs that Horace satirises in the would-be Praetor of a country town (Sat. I. 5, 34)"; (Paul, p. 219). The verb is thus taken as practically synonymous with the well-known διαρρήσσω with ἱμάτια, χιτῶνας (Matthew 26:65, al.), as expressive of a gesture of horror. In support of this rendering Mr. K. L. Clarke kindly refers us to Acta Thomae 63 (Lipsius-Bonnet II. ii. 180) τὴν ἐσθῆτα περιέρρηξα καὶ τὰς χεῖρας ἐπὶ τὴν ὄψιν ἐπάταξα, and cites Cyril’s note on Acts 14:14 ἔθος ἐστὶν Ἰουδαίοις ἐπὶ ταῖς κατὰ θεοῦ δυσφημίαις περιρηγνύναι τὰ ἱμάτια (Cramer’s Catena in loc.).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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