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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3954 - παῤῥησία

Transliteration
parrhēsía
Phonetics
par-rhay-see'-ah
Root Word (Etymology)
from (G3956) and a derivative of (G4483)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
TDNT
5:871,794
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παῤῥησιάζομαι
Definition   
Thayer's
  1. freedom in speaking, unreservedness in speech
    1. openly, frankly, i.e without concealment
    2. without ambiguity or circumlocution
    3. without the use of figures and comparisons
  2. free and fearless confidence, cheerful courage, boldness, assurance
  3. the deportment by which one becomes conspicuous or secures publicity
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6998 ‑ קָטַף (kaw‑taf');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (31)
Mark 1
John 9
Acts 5
2 Corinthians 2
Ephesians 2
Philippians 1
Colossians 1
1 Timothy 1
Philemon 1
Hebrews 4
1 John 4
NAS (32)
Mark 1
John 9
Acts 5
2 Corinthians 3
Ephesians 2
Philippians 1
Colossians 1
1 Timothy 1
Philemon 1
Hebrews 4
1 John 4
CSB (31)
Mark 1
John 9
Acts 5
2 Corinthians 2
Ephesians 2
Philippians 1
Colossians 1
1 Timothy 1
Philemon 1
Hebrews 4
1 John 4
BSB (31)
Mark 1
John 9
Acts 5
2 Corinthians 2
Ephesians 2
Philippians 1
Colossians 1
1 Timothy 1
Philemon 1
Hebrews 4
1 John 4
ESV (26)
Mark 1
John 9
Acts 5
2 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
Philippians 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 4
1 John 3
WEB (30)
Mark 1
John 8
Acts 5
2 Corinthians 2
Ephesians 2
Philippians 1
Colossians 1
1 Timothy 1
Philemon 1
Hebrews 4
1 John 4
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

παρρησί-α, ἡ,

(πᾶς, ῥῆσις)

outspokenness, frankness, freedom of speech, claimed by the Athenians as their privilege, ἐλεύθεροι παρρησίᾳ θάλλοντες οἰκοῖεν πόλιν κλεινῶν Ἀθηνῶν E. Hipp. 422, cf. Ion 672; παρρησίᾳ φράζειν Id. Ba. 668; ἔχειν π. Id. Ph. 391; οὔσης παρρησίας Ar. Th. 541; διδόναι π. τισί Isoc. 2.28; ἐλευθερίας ἡ πόλις μεστὴ καὶ π. γίγνεται Pl. R. 557b; τἀληθῆ μετὰ παρρησίας ἐρῶ D. 6.31; τὴν ὑπὲρ τῶν δικαίων π. ἀποδόμενος Din. 2.1; δημοκρατίας οὔσης οὐκ ἔστι π. Isoc. 8.14; π. καὶ ἰσηγορία καὶ δημοκρατία Plb. 2.38.6; περὶ παρρησίας, title of work by Philodemus.

2. in bad sense, licence of tongue, ἡ εἰς τοὺς θεοὺς π. Isoc. 11.40, cf. Pl. Phdr. 240e, Cic. Att. 1.16.8.

3. freedom of action, Aristaenet. 2.7; π. ζωῆς καὶ θανάτου power of life and death, Vett. Val. 6.3,al.; licence, permission, Just. Nov. 1.1.1; παρρησίᾳ ἐκτέμνεται τὸ δέρμα without fear, Aët. 15.8; ἤγαγον ὑμᾶς μετὰ παρρησίας openly, LXX Leviticus 26:13.

4. liberality, lavishness, κεκόσμηκε τὸν αὑτοῦ βίον τῇ καλλίστῃ π. OGI 323.10(Pergam., ii B.C.); ἐπὶ τῇ.. τῶν καμάτων καὶ πάσης ἐπιμελείας παρρησίᾳ IG 5(1).547 (Sparta, iii A.D.); = copia, Gloss.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

παρρησία, παρρησίας, (πᾶν and ῤῆσις; cf. ἀρρησια silence, καταρρησις accusation, πρόρρησις prediction);

1. freedom in speaking, unreservedness in speech (Euripides, Plato, Demosthenes, others): παρρησία τίνος, Acts 4:13; χρῆσθαι παρρησία, 2 Corinthians 3:12; παρρησία adverbially — freely: λαλεῖν, John 7:13, 26; John 18:20; — openly, frankly, i. e. without concealment: Mark 8:32; John 11:14; — without ambiguity or circumlocution: εἶπε ἡμῖν παρρησία (Philemon 1, Meineke edition, p. 405), John 10:24; — without the use of figures and comparisons, opposed to ἐν παροιμίαις: John 16:25, and R G in 29 (where L T Tr WH ἐν παρρησία); ἐν παρρησία, freely, Ephesians 6:19; μετά παρρησίας, Acts 28:31; εἶπεν, Acts 2:29; λαλεῖν, Acts 4:29, 31.

2. free and fearless confidence, cheerful courage, boldness, assurance, (1 Macc. 4:18; Wis. 5:1; Josephus, Antiquities 9, 10, 4; 15, 2, 7; (cf. Winer's Grammar, 23)): Philippians 1:20 (opposed to αἰσχύνεσθαι, cf. Wiesinger at the passage); ἐν πίστει, resting on, 1 Timothy 3:13, cf. Huther at the passage; ἔχειν παρρησίαν εἰς τί, Hebrews 10:19; πολλή μοι (ἐστι) παρρησία πρός ὑμᾶς, 2 Corinthians 7:4; of the confidence impelling one to do something, ἔχειν παρρησία with an infinitive of the thing to be done, Philemon 1:8 (Test xii. Patr., test. Rub. 4); of the undoubting confidence of Christians relative to their fellowship with God, Ephesians 3:12; Hebrews 3:6; Hebrews 10:35; μετά παρρησίας, Hebrews 4:16; ἔχειν παρρησίαν, opposed to αἰσχύνεσθαι to be covered with shame, 1 John 2:28; before the judge, 1 John 4:17; with πρός τόν Θεόν added, 1 John 3:21; 1 John 5:14.

3. the deportment by which one becomes conspicuous or secures publicity (Philo de victim. offer. § 12): ἐν παρρησία, before the public, in view of all, John 7:4 (opposed to ἐν τῷ κρύπτω); John 11:54 (without ἐν); Colossians 2:15 (where cf. Lightfoot).


Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

παρρησία , -ας ,

(< πᾶς + ῥῆσις , speech),

[in LXX; Leviticus 26:13 (μετὰ Papyri, קוֺמְמִיּוּת H6968), Proverbs 1:20; Proverbs 10:10, Wisdom of Solomon 5:1, al.;]

1. freedom of speech, plainness, openness, freedom in speaking (Eur., Plat., al.) : Acts 4:13, 2 Corinthians 3:12; παρρησίᾳ , adverbially, freely, openly, plainly, Mark 8:32, John 7:13; John 7:26; John 10:24; John 11:14; John 16:29; John 18:20; opp. to ἐν παροιμίαις , John 16:25; ἐν Papyri, Ephesians 6:19; μετὰ Papyri, Acts 2:29; Acts 4:29; Acts 4:31; Acts 28:31

2. In LXX (1 Maccabees 4:18, Wisdom of Solomon 5:1, al.), FlJ, and NT, also (from the absence of fear which accompanies freedom of speech), confidence, boldness: 2 Corinthians 7:4, Philippians 1:20, 1 Timothy 3:13; ἔχειν Papyri, Ephesians 3:12, Philemon 1:8, Hebrews 3:6; Hebrews 10:19; Hebrews 10:35, 1 John 2:28; 1 John 3:21; 1 John 4:17; 1 John 5:14; μετὰ Papyri, He 416; ἐν Papyri, Colossians 2:15; id. (as בפרהסיא in Rabbinic lit.; v. Westc., Jo., i, 262), in public, John 7:4 and (without ἐν ) John 11:54.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
παρρησια παρρησία παρρησίᾳ παρρησιαν παρρησίαν παρρησιας παρρησίας parresia parresía parrēsia parrēsía parresíāi parrēsíāi parresian parresían parrēsian parrēsían parresias parresías parrēsias parrēsías
 
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