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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3953 - παροψίς

from (G3844) and the base of (G3795)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. a side dish, a dish of dainties or choice food suited not so much to satisfy as to gratify the appetite
    1. a side accompaniment of the more solid food
  2. the dish itself in which the delicacies are served up
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (2)
Matthew 2
BSB (2)
Matthew 2
CSB (1)
Matthew 1
ESV (2)
Matthew 2
KJV (2)
Matthew 2
LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
LSB (2)
Matthew 2
N95 (2)
Matthew 2
NAS (2)
Matthew 2
NLT (1)
Matthew 1
WEB (2)
Matthew 2
YLT (1)
Matthew 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

παροψ-ίς, ίδος, ἡ, (ὄψον)

= cross παρόψημα, Pherecr. 147, Ar. Fr. 187, al., X. Cyr. 1.3.4: metaph., τῶν κακῶν παροψίδες fresh tastes of misery, Magn. 2.

II dish on which such meats are served, Antiph. 60, Alex. 86, Archestr. Fr. 6, Matthew 23:25, Juv. 3.142, Artem. 1.74 (παραψ- codd., cf. Hsch.). (The second use is condemned by Phryn. 153.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

παροψίς, παροψίδος, (παρά (which see IV. 1), and ὄψον, on which see ὀψάριον);

1. "a side-dish, a dish of dainties or choice food suited not so much to satisfy as to gratify the appetite; a side-accompaniment of the more solid food"; hence, equivalent to παροψημα; so in Xenophon, Cyril 1, 3, 4 and many Attic writings in Athen. 9, p. 367 d. following

2. the dish itself in which the delicacies are served up: Matthew 23:25, 26 (here T omits; WH brackets παροψίδος); Artemidorus Daldianus, oneir. 1, 74; Alciphron 3, 20; Plutarch, de vitand. aere alien. § 2. This latter use of the word is condemned by the Atticists; cf. Sturz, Lex. Xenophon, iii., 463f; Lob. ad Phryn., p. 176; (Rutherford, New Phryn., p. 265f); Poppo on Xenophon, Cyril 1, 3, 4.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* παρ -οψίς , -ίδος ,

(< παρά , ὄψον ; see ὀψάριον ),

1. a side-dish of dainties (Xen., al.).

2. In Comic poets and late prose, the dish itself on which the dainties are served: Matthew 23:25-26 (In this sense it is condemned by the Atticists; v. Rutherford, NPhr., 265 f.)†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";over and above,"; ";superfluous,"; in popular Greek is often in its compve. and superlve. forms practically equivalent to πλείων, πλεῖστος, a usage which is fully developed in MGr.

Exx. of the word are P Tebt II. 459.4 (B.C. 5) (= Witkowski.2, p. 126) καὶ ὃ ἐὰν περισσὸν γένηται, μέτρη [σ ]ον αὐτοῖς κομισάμενος τὴν τιμὴν τοῦ λοιποῦ, P Fay 111.11 (A.D. 95–6) (= Selections, p. 66) περισ ̣ὸν ̣ [ἐν ]ε ̣τιλάμ [η ]ν σ ̣υ ̣(= σοι) εἰς Διο [νυσι ]άδα μῖναι, ";I gave you strict charges to remain at Dionysias,"; ib. 117.23 (A.D. 108) περιτὸν γέγρ ̣α ̣π ̣τ ̣α ̣[ι, ";more than enough has been written,"; Chrest. I. 238ii. 4 (c. A.D. 117) περισσὸν ἡγοῦμαι διεξω (= ο)δέστερον ὑμεῖν γράφειν, ";I count it superfluous to write you at greater length,"; and P Tebt II. 423.15 (early iii/A.D.) ἐὰν εὓρῃς ἀγοραστὰς τῶν π ̣ε ̣ρισσῶν ὄνων, παραχώρησον μέχρι τρ <ι >ῶν, ";if you find any purchasers of the surplus donkeys, get rid of as many as three"; (Edd.). Add from inscrr. Cagnat IV. 317.8 (end i/B.C.) ἐκ τῶν περισσῶν τῆς [ἑορτῆς χρη ]μάτων καθειέρωσεν, and C. and B. ii. p. 658, No. 611—

τὸ ζῆν τροφὴ πό [τ ]ος τε. ἠτι [μασμένα ?

περισσὰ δέ ἐστι τὰ ἄλλα [ὰ ἀνθρώποις μέλει ?

For the compve. cf. P Flor II. 127.22 (A.D. 256) πάντως περισσότερον, ";in every possible way,"; and BGU II. 380.10 (iii/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 105) where a mother writes to her sick son, ἐτολότην (l. ἐθολώθην), ὥς σου περισ (= σσ)ότερον νω ̣χελεωυομένου (cf. Aq Proverbs 18:9; Proverbs 24:10, Job 2:4), ";I was troubled because you were only able to walk so slowly."; See also Dieterich Untersuchungen, p. 181 n..2, though we have not been able to trace his reference to BGU 13, 8.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
παροψιδος παροψίδος paropsidos paropsídos
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