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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3953 - παροψίς
- a side dish, a dish of dainties or choice food suited not so much to satisfy as to gratify the appetite
- a side accompaniment of the more solid food
- the dish itself in which the delicacies are served up
παροψ-ίς, ίδος, ἡ, (ὄψον)
= cross παρόψημα, Pherecr. 147, Ar. Fr. 187, al., X. Cyr. 1.3.4: metaph., τῶν κακῶν παροψίδες fresh tastes of misery, Magn. 2.
II dish on which such meats are served, Antiph. 60, Alex. 86, Archestr. Fr. 6, Matthew 23:25, Juv. 3.142, Artem. 1.74 (παραψ- codd., cf. Hsch.). (The second use is condemned by Phryn. 153.)
* παρ -οψίς , -ίδος , ἡ
(< παρά , ὄψον ; see ὀψάριον ),
1. a side-dish of dainties (Xen., al.).
2. In Comic poets and late prose, the dish itself on which the dainties are served: Matthew 23:25-26 (In this sense it is condemned by the Atticists; v. Rutherford, NPhr., 265 f.)†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
";over and above,"; ";superfluous,"; in popular Greek is often in its compve. and superlve. forms practically equivalent to πλείων, πλεῖστος, a usage which is fully developed in MGr.
Exx. of the word are P Tebt II. 459.4 (B.C. 5) (= Witkowski.2, p. 126) καὶ ὃ ἐὰν περισσὸν γένηται, μέτρη [σ ]ον αὐτοῖς κομισάμενος τὴν τιμὴν τοῦ λοιποῦ, P Fay 111.11 (A.D. 95–6) (= Selections, p. 66) περισ ̣ὸν ̣ [ἐν ]ε ̣τιλάμ [η ]ν σ ̣υ ̣(= σοι) εἰς Διο [νυσι ]άδα μῖναι, ";I gave you strict charges to remain at Dionysias,"; ib. 117.23 (A.D. 108) περιτὸν γέγρ ̣α ̣π ̣τ ̣α ̣[ι, ";more than enough has been written,"; Chrest. I. 238ii. 4 (c. A.D. 117) περισσὸν ἡγοῦμαι διεξω (= ο)δέστερον ὑμεῖν γράφειν, ";I count it superfluous to write you at greater length,"; and P Tebt II. 423.15 (early iii/A.D.) ἐὰν εὓρῃς ἀγοραστὰς τῶν π ̣ε ̣ρισσῶν ὄνων, παραχώρησον μέχρι τρ <ι >ῶν, ";if you find any purchasers of the surplus donkeys, get rid of as many as three"; (Edd.). Add from inscrr. Cagnat IV. 317.8 (end i/B.C.) ἐκ τῶν περισσῶν τῆς [ἑορτῆς χρη ]μάτων καθειέρωσεν, and C. and B. ii. p. 658, No. 611—
τὸ ζῆν τροφὴ πό [τ ]ος τε. ἠτι [μασμένα ?
περισσὰ δέ ἐστι τὰ ἄλλα [ὰ ἀνθρώποις μέλει ?
For the compve. cf. P Flor II. 127.22 (A.D. 256) πάντως περισσότερον, ";in every possible way,"; and BGU II. 380.10 (iii/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 105) where a mother writes to her sick son, ἐτολότην (l. ἐθολώθην), ὥς σου περισ (= σσ)ότερον νω ̣χελεωυομένου (cf. Aq Proverbs 18:9; Proverbs 24:10, Job 2:4), ";I was troubled because you were only able to walk so slowly."; See also Dieterich Untersuchungen, p. 181 n..2, though we have not been able to trace his reference to BGU 13, 8.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.