Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #3962 - πατήρ

Transliteration
patḗr
Phonetics
pat-ayr'
Origin
apparently a root word
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
5:945,805
Definition
Thayer's
  1. generator or male ancestor
    1. either the nearest ancestor: father of the corporeal nature, natural fathers, both parents
    2. a more remote ancestor, the founder of a family or tribe, progenitor of a people, forefather: so Abraham is called, Jacob and David
      1. fathers i.e. ancestors, forefathers, founders of a nation
    3. one advanced in years, a senior
  2. metaph.
    1. the originator and transmitter of anything
      1. the authors of a family or society of persons animated by the same spirit as himself
      2. one who has infused his own spirit into others, who actuates and governs their minds
    2. one who stands in a father's place and looks after another in a paternal way
    3. a title of honour
      1. teachers, as those to whom pupils trace back the knowledge and training they have received
      2. the members of the Sanhedrin, whose prerogative it was by virtue of the wisdom and experience in which they excelled, to take charge of the interests of others
  3. God is called the Father
    1. of the stars, the heavenly luminaries, because he is their creator, upholder, ruler
    2. of all rational and intelligent beings, whether angels or men, because he is their creator, preserver, guardian and protector
      1. of spiritual beings and of all men
    3. of Christians, as those who through Christ have been exalted to a specially close and intimate relationship with God, and who no longer dread him as a stern judge of sinners, but revere him as their reconciled and loving Father
    4. the Father of Jesus Christ, as one whom God has united to himself in the closest bond of love and intimacy, made acquainted with his purposes, appointed to explain and carry out among men the plan of salvation, and made to share also in his own divine nature
      1. by Jesus Christ himself
      2. by the apostles
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1 ‑ אָב (awb);  1730 ‑ דֹּד (dode, dode);  1733 ‑ דּוֹדָה (do‑daw');  7223 ‑ רִאשֹׁן (ree‑shone', ree‑shone');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (417)
Matthew
63
Mark
19
Luke
53
John
138
Acts
35
Romans
15
1 Corinthians
6
2 Corinthians
5
Galatians
5
Ephesians
11
Philippians
4
Colossians
6
1 Thessalonians
6
2 Thessalonians
3
1 Timothy
2
2 Timothy
1
Titus
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
9
James
4
1 Peter
3
2 Peter
2
1 John
15
2 John
4
Jude
1
Revelation
5
NAS (415)
Matthew
63
Mark
19
Luke
56
John
137
Acts
35
Romans
14
1 Corinthians
6
2 Corinthians
5
Galatians
5
Ephesians
11
Philippians
4
Colossians
5
1 Thessalonians
5
2 Thessalonians
3
1 Timothy
2
2 Timothy
1
Titus
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
9
James
4
1 Peter
3
2 Peter
2
1 John
14
2 John
4
Jude
1
Revelation
5
HCS (409)
Matthew
63
Mark
18
Luke
52
John
135
Acts
35
Romans
15
1 Corinthians
6
2 Corinthians
5
Galatians
5
Ephesians
11
Philippians
4
Colossians
5
1 Thessalonians
5
2 Thessalonians
3
1 Timothy
2
2 Timothy
1
Titus
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
9
James
4
1 Peter
3
2 Peter
2
1 John
14
2 John
4
Jude
1
Revelation
5
BSB (414)
Matthew
63
Mark
18
Luke
56
John
136
Acts
35
Romans
15
1 Corinthians
6
2 Corinthians
5
Galatians
5
Ephesians
11
Philippians
4
Colossians
5
1 Thessalonians
5
2 Thessalonians
3
1 Timothy
2
2 Timothy
1
Titus
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
9
James
4
1 Peter
3
2 Peter
2
1 John
14
2 John
4
3 John
1
Revelation
5
ESV (387)
Matthew
51
Mark
18
Luke
53
John
133
Acts
34
Romans
15
1 Corinthians
6
2 Corinthians
5
Galatians
5
Ephesians
10
Philippians
4
Colossians
4
1 Thessalonians
5
2 Thessalonians
3
1 Timothy
2
2 Timothy
1
Titus
1
Hebrews
9
James
4
1 Peter
3
2 Peter
2
1 John
14
Revelation
5
WEB (442)
Matthew
74
Mark
21
Luke
61
John
136
Acts
39
Romans
18
1 Corinthians
6
2 Corinthians
5
Galatians
5
Ephesians
11
Philippians
4
Colossians
6
1 Thessalonians
6
2 Thessalonians
3
1 Timothy
2
2 Timothy
1
Titus
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
10
James
4
1 Peter
3
2 Peter
2
1 John
13
2 John
4
Jude
1
Revelation
5
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πᾰτήρ, ὁ,

gen. and dat. πατέρος, πατέρι in and Lyr., Att. πατρός, πατρί (which is also the commoner form in Hom., Hes., and Pi.); acc. always πατέρα; voc. πάτερ: pl. πατέρες, πατέρας, πατέρων (πατρῶν only Od. 4.687, 8.245); dat. πατράσι [] (cf. Skt. loc. pl. pit[snull ]u, no dat. pl. occurs in Hom. or Hes.), late πατέρεσσι Q.S. 10.40:

father, Il. 1.98, etc.; πατρὸς πατήρ grandfather, 14.118, Od. 19.180, X. HG 6.3.4, etc.; τοῦδε κεκλῆσθαι πατρός S. Fr. 86; μητρὸς καλεῖσθαι παῖδα τοῦ π. παρόν ib. 564; τὰ πρὸς πατρός by the father's side, Hdt. 7.99, cf. SIG 1015.7 (Halic.), etc.; esp. of God, the father of the Israelites, LXX De. 32.6, al.; father of men, Matthew 6:8, al.; father of Jesus Christ, ib. 7.21,al. II esp. as epith. of Zeus, πατὴρ Ζεύς, π. Κρονίδης, π. ἀνδρῶν τε θεῶν τε, Il. 4.235, 21.508, 1.544, al.; Ζεὺς π. A. Th. 512, etc.; Ζεῦ πάτερ καὶ θεοί Ar. Ach. 225; π. Οὐρανιδᾶν Ζ. Pi. P. 4.194; ὁ τῶν ἁπάντων Ζεὺς π. 'ολύμπιος S. Tr. 275, etc. III respectful mode of addressing persons older than oneself, ξεὶνε πάτερ Od. 7.28, 48, 8.145, cf. POxy. 1296.15 (iii A. D.), etc.; in addressing an elder brother, UPZ 65.3 (ii B.C.). metaph., father, author, ἀοιδᾶν π... εὐαίνητος 'ορφεύς Pi. P. 4.176; Χρόνος ὁ πάντων π. Id. O. 2.17, cf. Pl. Ti. 41a; τοῦ λόγου π. Id. Smp. 177d, cf. Phdr. 257b, etc.; ὁ π. τῶν φώτων, i.e. God, the father of the stars, Ephesians 1:17; οἱ π. τῶν ἀτόμων the authors of the atomic theory, Gal. 1.246; of capital, τοῦ πατρὸς ἐκγόνους τόκους Pl. R. 555e. title of a grade in the mysteries of Mithras, IG 14.1272, etc. π. πατρίδος, = Lat. pater patriae, Plu. Cic. 23, BGU 1074.1 (i A. D.), IG 7.2713.33 (Acraeph., i A. D.), etc.; similarly, π. τῆς πόλεως ib.5(1).1417.11 (Methone). in pl., 1 forefathers, Il. 6.209, etc.; ἐξέτι πατρῶν from our fathers' time, Od. 8.245; ἐκ πατέρων Pi. P. 8.45.

2. parents, D.S. 21.17, Alciphr. 3.40, Epigr.Gr. 227 (Teos).

3. parentnation, opp. colonists, Hdt. 7.51, 8.22, Plu. Them. 9. (Cf. Skt. pitár -, Lat. pater, etc.)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πατήρ , πατρός , -τρί , -τέρα ,

[in LXX chiefly and very freq. for H1;]

a father;

1. prop.,

(a) of the male parent : Matthew 2:22, Luke 1:17, John 4:53; anarth., Hebrews 12:7 (M, Pr., 82 f.); pl., of both parents (cl.), Hebrews 11:23; οἱ Papyri τ . σαρκός , Hebrews 12:9;

(b) of a forefather or ancestor (in cl. usually in pl.; Hom., al.): Matthew 3:9, Luke 1:73, John 8:39, al.; p1., Matthew 23:30; Matthew 23:32, Luke 6:23; Luke 6:26, John 4:20, 1 Corinthians 10:1, al.

2. Metaph.,

(a) of an author, originator, or archetype (= αἴτιος , ἀρχηγός , etc.; Pind., Plat., al.) : John 8:41-44 Hosea 4:11-12; Hosea 4:16;

(b) as a title of respect or honour, used of seniors, teachers and others in a position of responsible authority (Judges 17:10, 2 Kings 2:12, Proverbs 1:8, al.) : Matthew 23:9 Acts 7:2; Acts 22:1; Acts 22:1-30 :1Jn_2:13.

3. Of God (as in cl. of Zeus) as Father;

(a) of created things : τ . φώτων , James 1:17;

(b) of all sentient beings : Ephesians 3:14-15 Hebrews 12:9;

(c) of men, esp. those in covenant relation with Him (freq in OT and later Jewish lit.; v. Dalman, Words, 184 ff.) : Matthew 6:4, Luke 6:36, John 4:21, James 3:9, al.; Papyri ὁ ἐν (τ .) οὐρανοῖς , Matthew 5:16, Mark 11:25; Papyri ὁ οὐράνιος , Matthew 6:14; Matthew 15:13; esp. in the Epp., of Christians : Romans 8:15, 2 Corinthians 6:18, Galatians 4:6, Ephesians 2:18; Ephesians 4:6, 1 John 2:1; c. gen. qual., τ . οἰκτιρμῶν , 2 Corinthians 1:3; τ . δοξῆς , Ephesians 1:17;

(d) of Christ (Dalman, Words, 190 ff.);

(α ) by our Lord himself : Papyri, Matthew 11:25-27, Luke 10:21-22, John 5:20-23 al.; Papyri μου , Matthew 11:27, al.; ὁ ἐν τ . οὐρανοῖς , Matthew 7:11, al.; ὁ οὐράνιος , Matthew 15:13; vocat., John 11:41; John 12:27-28; John 17:1; John 17:5; John 17:11; John 17:20; John 17:25 (cf. Abbott, JG., 96 f.);

(β ) by Apostles: John 1:14 (anarth.; v. M, Pr., l.c.), Romans 15:6, 2 Corinthians 1:3; 2 Corinthians 11:31, Ephesians 1:3, Colossians 1:3, Hebrews 1:5, 1 Peter 1:3, Revelation 1:6 (cf. Westc., Epp. Jo., 27-34).

** προ -πάτωρ , -ορος ,

(< πατήρ ),

[in LXX: 3 Maccabees 2:21 A *;]

a forefather: Romans 4:1.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";turn round,"; ";turn"; (Acts 26:24) : cf. Jos. Antt. IX. 72 (iv. 4) ταῦτα τόν τε Ἰώραμον καὶ τοὺς παρόντας εἰς χαρὰν περιέτρεψε, and Plut. Pyrrh. 7 περιετρέψατο (for ἐτρέψατο, Herwerden Lex.) καὶ κατέβαλε τὸν Πάνταυχον.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
θεοῦ κύριος Πατερ Πάτερ Πατερα Πατέρα πάτερα πατερας πατέρας πατερες πατέρες πατερων πατέρων πατηρ πατήρ πατὴρ πάτηρ πατητού πατράσι πατρασιν πατράσιν πατρι πατρί πατρὶ πατρος πατρός πατρὸς προπατορα προπάτορα Pater patēr patḗr patḕr Páter Patera Patéra pateras patéras pateres patéres pateron paterōn patéron patérōn patrasin patrásin patri patrí patrì patros patrós patròs propatora propátora theou theoû
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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