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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3962 - πατήρ
- generator or male ancestor
- either the nearest ancestor: father of the corporeal nature, natural fathers, both parents
- a more remote ancestor, the founder of a family or tribe, progenitor of a people, forefather: so Abraham is called, Jacob and David
- fathers i.e. ancestors, forefathers, founders of a nation
- one advanced in years, a senior
- the originator and transmitter of anything
- the authors of a family or society of persons animated by the same spirit as himself
- one who has infused his own spirit into others, who actuates and governs their minds
- one who stands in a father's place and looks after another in a paternal way
- a title of honour
- teachers, as those to whom pupils trace back the knowledge and training they have received
- the members of the Sanhedrin, whose prerogative it was by virtue of the wisdom and experience in which they excelled, to take charge of the interests of others
- the originator and transmitter of anything
- God is called the Father
- of the stars, the heavenly luminaries, because he is their creator, upholder, ruler
- of all rational and intelligent beings, whether angels or men, because he is their creator, preserver, guardian and protector
- of spiritual beings and of all men
- of Christians, as those who through Christ have been exalted to a specially close and intimate relationship with God, and who no longer dread him as a stern judge of sinners, but revere him as their reconciled and loving Father
- the Father of Jesus Christ, as one whom God has united to himself in the closest bond of love and intimacy, made acquainted with his purposes, appointed to explain and carry out among men the plan of salvation, and made to share also in his own divine nature
- by Jesus Christ himself
- by the apostles
gen. and dat. πατέρος, πατέρι in and Lyr., Att. πατρός, πατρί (which is also the commoner form in Hom., Hes., and Pi.); acc. always πατέρα; voc. πάτερ: pl. πατέρες, πατέρας, πατέρων (πατρῶν only Od. 4.687, 8.245); dat. πατράσι [ᾰ] (cf. Skt. loc. pl. pitṛ[snull ]u, no dat. pl. occurs in Hom. or Hes.), late πατέρεσσι Q.S. 10.40: —
father, Il. 1.98, etc.; πατρὸς πατήρ grandfather, 14.118, Od. 19.180, X. HG 6.3.4, etc.; τοῦδε κεκλῆσθαι πατρός S. Fr. 86; μητρὸς καλεῖσθαι παῖδα τοῦ π. παρόν ib. 564; τὰ πρὸς πατρός by the father's side, Hdt. 7.99, cf. SIG 1015.7 (Halic.), etc.; esp. of God, the father of the Israelites, LXX De. 32.6, al.; father of men, Matthew 6:8, al.; father of Jesus Christ, ib. 7.21,al. II esp. as epith. of Zeus, πατὴρ Ζεύς, π. Κρονίδης, π. ἀνδρῶν τε θεῶν τε, Il. 4.235, 21.508, 1.544, al.; Ζεὺς π. A. Th. 512, etc.; Ζεῦ πάτερ καὶ θεοί Ar. Ach. 225; π. Οὐρανιδᾶν Ζ. Pi. P. 4.194; ὁ τῶν ἁπάντων Ζεὺς π. 'ολύμπιος S. Tr. 275, etc. III respectful mode of addressing persons older than oneself, ξεὶνε πάτερ Od. 7.28, 48, 8.145, cf. POxy. 1296.15 (iii A. D.), etc.; in addressing an elder brother, UPZ 65.3 (ii B.C.). metaph., father, author, ἀοιδᾶν π... εὐαίνητος 'ορφεύς Pi. P. 4.176; Χρόνος ὁ πάντων π. Id. O. 2.17, cf. Pl. Ti. 41a; τοῦ λόγου π. Id. Smp. 177d, cf. Phdr. 257b, etc.; ὁ π. τῶν φώτων, i.e. God, the father of the stars, Ephesians 1:17; οἱ π. τῶν ἀτόμων the authors of the atomic theory, Gal. 1.246; of capital, τοῦ πατρὸς ἐκγόνους τόκους Pl. R. 555e. title of a grade in the mysteries of Mithras, IG 14.1272, etc. π. πατρίδος, = Lat. pater patriae, Plu. Cic. 23, BGU 1074.1 (i A. D.), IG 7.2713.33 (Acraeph., i A. D.), etc.; similarly, π. τῆς πόλεως ib.5(1).1417.11 (Methone). in pl., 1 forefathers, Il. 6.209, etc.; ἐξέτι πατρῶν from our fathers' time, Od. 8.245; ἐκ πατέρων Pi. P. 8.45.
2. parents, D.S. 21.17, Alciphr. 3.40, Epigr.Gr. 227 (Teos).
3. parentnation, opp. colonists, Hdt. 7.51, 8.22, Plu. Them. 9. (Cf. Skt. pitár -, Lat. pater, etc.)
πατήρ , πατρός , -τρί , -τέρα ,
[in LXX chiefly and very freq. for H1;]
(a) of the male parent : Matthew 2:22, Luke 1:17, John 4:53; anarth., Hebrews 12:7 (M, Pr., 82 f.); pl., of both parents (cl.), Hebrews 11:23; οἱ Papyri τ . σαρκός , Hebrews 12:9;
(b) of a forefather or ancestor (in cl. usually in pl.; Hom., al.): Matthew 3:9, Luke 1:73, John 8:39, al.; p1., Matthew 23:30; Matthew 23:32, Luke 6:23; Luke 6:26, John 4:20, 1 Corinthians 10:1, al.
(a) of an author, originator, or archetype (= αἴτιος , ἀρχηγός , etc.; Pind., Plat., al.) : John 8:41-44 Hosea 4:11-12; Hosea 4:16;
(b) as a title of respect or honour, used of seniors, teachers and others in a position of responsible authority (Judges 17:10, 2 Kings 2:12, Proverbs 1:8, al.) : Matthew 23:9 Acts 7:2; Acts 22:1; Acts 22:1-30 :1Jn_2:13.
3. Of God (as in cl. of Zeus) as Father;
(a) of created things : τ . φώτων , James 1:17;
(b) of all sentient beings : Ephesians 3:14-15 Hebrews 12:9;
(c) of men, esp. those in covenant relation with Him (freq in OT and later Jewish lit.; v. Dalman, Words, 184 ff.) : Matthew 6:4, Luke 6:36, John 4:21, James 3:9, al.; ὁ Papyri ὁ ἐν (τ .) οὐρανοῖς , Matthew 5:16, Mark 11:25; ὁ Papyri ὁ οὐράνιος , Matthew 6:14; Matthew 15:13; esp. in the Epp., of Christians : Romans 8:15, 2 Corinthians 6:18, Galatians 4:6, Ephesians 2:18; Ephesians 4:6, 1 John 2:1; c. gen. qual., τ . οἰκτιρμῶν , 2 Corinthians 1:3; τ . δοξῆς , Ephesians 1:17;
(d) of Christ (Dalman, Words, 190 ff.);
(α ) by our Lord himself : ὁ Papyri, Matthew 11:25-27, Luke 10:21-22, John 5:20-23 al.; ὁ Papyri μου , Matthew 11:27, al.; ὁ ἐν τ . οὐρανοῖς , Matthew 7:11, al.; ὁ οὐράνιος , Matthew 15:13; vocat., John 11:41; John 12:27-28; John 17:1; John 17:5; John 17:11; John 17:20; John 17:25 (cf. Abbott, JG., 96 f.);
(β ) by Apostles: John 1:14 (anarth.; v. M, Pr., l.c.), Romans 15:6, 2 Corinthians 1:3; 2 Corinthians 11:31, Ephesians 1:3, Colossians 1:3, Hebrews 1:5, 1 Peter 1:3, Revelation 1:6 (cf. Westc., Epp. Jo., 27-34).
** προ -πάτωρ , -ορος , ὁ
(< πατήρ ),
[in LXX: 3 Maccabees 2:21 A *;]
a forefather: Romans 4:1.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
";turn round,"; ";turn"; (Acts 26:24) : cf. Jos. Antt. IX. 72 (iv. 4) ταῦτα τόν τε Ἰώραμον καὶ τοὺς παρόντας εἰς χαρὰν περιέτρεψε, and Plut. Pyrrh. 7 περιετρέψατο (for ἐτρέψατο, Herwerden Lex.) καὶ κατέβαλε τὸν Πάνταυχον.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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