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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3975 - παχύνω

from a derivative of (G4078) (meaning thick)
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  1. to make thick, to make fat, fatten
  2. metaph. to make stupid (to render the soul dull or callous)
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1878 ‑ דָּשֵׁן (daw‑shane');  5445 ‑ סָבַל (saw‑bal');  5753 ‑ עָוָה (aw‑vaw');  8082 ‑ שָׁמֵן (shaw‑mane');  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


pf. Pass. πεπάχυσμαι Arist. Mu. 394a28, Philostr. Gym. 52, but πεπάχυμμαι Gal. 6.678, Herm. ap. Stob. 1.49.68: fatten, τὰ σώματα Pl. Grg. 518c; βοῦν Id. R. 343b; ἴππον X. Oec. 12.20: Pass., grow fat, Hp. Aph. 5.44, Ar. Ach. 791; δαιτὶ παχυνόμενος AP 7.207 (Mel.); παχυνθῇ ἡ ἀκρίς LXX Ecclesiastes 12:5. thicken, strengthen, δεσμόν Porph. Abst. 1.38.

2. metaph., cause to wax fat, increase, κότον π. A. Supp. 618: Pass., ὄλβος ἄγαν παχυνθείς Id. Th. 771 (lyr.). metaph., make gross or dull, τὰς ψυχὰς ὑπὸ πλης μονῆς π. Plu. 2.995d; βρώσεις τὸν νοῦν π. Philostr. V A 1.8: Pass., LXX Isaiah 6:10; πεπαχυσμένος Philostr. VS 1.21.1; to be coarsened, [ ψυχὴ] παρὰ τὴν ἰδίαν φύσιν πεπαχυμμένη Herm. l. c.; περιβλήματα.. παχυνόμενα ὑπὸ τῆς γηίνης φύσεως Procl. in R. 1.119 K.

II Pass., become thick, π. πρὸς τὸν ἥλιον, of the skull, Hdt. 3.12; of humours, Hp. VM 19; of excrements, Id. Prog. 11, cf. Arist. GA 735a36, al.; distd. from πήγνυσθαι, Id. Mete. 383a11, b18; of fruit juices, become concentrated, Thphr. CP 6.16.2; of oil, Philostr. Gym. 52.

2. to be dulled, of the sun's light, D.P. 35.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

παχύνω: 1 aorist passive ἐπαχυνθην; (from παχύς (thick, stout); cf. βραδύνω; ταχύνω); to make thick; to make fat, fatten: τά σώματα, Plato, Gorgias, p. 518 c.; βοῦν, de rep., p. 343 b.; ἵππον, Xenophon, oec. 12, 20. Metaphorically, to make stupid (to render the soul dull or callous): τάς ψυχάς, Plutarch, mor., p. 995 d. (i. e. de esu carn. 1, 6, 3); νοῦν, Philostr. vit. Apoll. 1, 8; παχεῖς τάς διανοίας, Herodian, 2, 9, 15 (11 edition, Bekker); τήν διάνοιαν, Aelian v. h. 13, 15 (Latinpingue ingenium) (cf. Winer's Grammar, 18); ἐπαχύνθη καρδία (Vulg. incrassatum (A. V. their heart is waxed gross)): Matthew 13:15; Acts 28:27, after Isaiah 6:10 (for לֵב הַשְׁמֵן).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(<παχύς , thick),

[in LXX: Deuteronomy 32:15, Isaiah 6:10 (H8082), al.;]

to thicken, fatten; pass., to grow fat. Metaph., to make dull or stupid (τ . ψυχάς , Rut.); pass., to wax gross: ἡ καρδίαMatthew 13:15, Acts 28:27 (LXX).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

See s.v. Πέτρα.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επάχυνεν επαχυνθη επαχύνθη ἐπαχύνθη επαχύνθησαν επεδήθησαν παχείς παχέος παχύ παχυνθή παχυτέρα παχύτετος πεδήσαντας πεπεδημένοι πεπεδημένους πεπεδημένων epachunthe epachunthē epachynthe epachynthē epachýnthe epachýnthē
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