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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #4071 - πετεινόν
πετεινός , ή , όν ,
also πετηνός (v. fin.), and πτηνός (v. sub voc.), Ep. and poet. πετεηνός (also πετεεινός AP 9.337( Leon. ), 363.22 ( Mel. )): —
able to fly, full-fledged , of young birds, πάρος πετεηνὰ γενέσθαι Od. 16.218; of birds generally, able to fly, winged , πετηνῶν . . ὑπ' οἰωνῶν A. Th. 1025; πετηνοῖς γυψί E. Rh. 515; also π. ἵππος Men. Pk. 342 : abs., πετεηνά winged fowl , αἰετὸς . . τελειότατος πετεηνῶν Il. 8.247 , al.; πετεινόν a bird , Thgn. 1097; τὰ πετεινά (with v.l. πετηνά ) Hdt. 1.140 , 2.123 , 3.106 , Lycurg. 132 . — Thom.Mag. p.272 R. rejects the form πετεινός : Πετηνή is the name of an Att. ship in IG 22.1611.138.
πετεινός , -ή , -όν
(< πέτομαι ),
[in LXX chiefly for H5775;]
in trag., Ion. and late writers, winged, flying; as subst., τὸ Papyri, a winged fowl, a bird: pl., Matthew 6:26; Matthew 8:20; Matthew 13:4; Matthew 13:32, Mark 4:4; Mark 4:32, Luke 8:5; Luke 9:58; Luke 12:24; Luke 13:19, Acts 10:12; Acts 11:6, Romans 1:23, James 3:7.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
πόλεμος in the general sense of ";war"; may be illustrated from P Amh II. 30.27 (ii/B.C.) where in an inquiry regarding the ownership of a house proof is adduced Μαρρῆν. . κατεσχηκέναι τὴν οἰκίαν πρὸ τοῦ πολέμου, ";that Marres had become owner of the house before the war, ";and from P Oxy IV. 705.33 (A.D. 200–2) where the Emperors Septimius Severus and Caracalla are reminded of the loyalty of the Oxyrhynchites in helping them in the war against the Jews—κατὰ τὸν πρὸς Εἰουδαίους πόλεμον συμμαχήσαντες. An interesting ex. of the word is found in the letter of the Emperor Claudius to the Alexandrines P Lond 1912.74 (A.D. 41) τῆς δὲ πρὸς Ἰουδαίους ταραχῆς καὶ στάσεως, μᾶλλον δ᾽ εἰ χρὴ τὸ ἀλη ̣θὲς εἰπεῖν τοῦ πολέμου, πότεροι μὲν αἴτιοι κατέστησαν. . οὐκ ἐβουλήθην ἀκριβῶς ἐξελένξαι, ";as to the question which of you were responsible for the riot and feud (or rather, if the truth must be told, the war) against the Jews, I was unwilling to commit myself to a decided judgment"; (Bell). It may be noted that in the calendar inscr. Priene 105.36 (c. B.C. 9) the Emperor Augustus is signalized as σωτῆρα. . τὸν παύσαντα τὸν πόλεμον, κοσμήσαντα [δὲ πάντα.
For the meaning ";battle,"; as in Luke 14:31; LXX 3Ki. 22:34 [MT 1 Kings 22:34 ], al. see Field Notes, p. 67 f., and add the striking phrase LXX 2 Kings 11:7 [MT 2 Samuel 11:7] ἐπερωτᾶν. . εἰς εἰρήνην τοῦ πολέμου, ";to ask how the battle progressed.";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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