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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4079 - πηδάλιον

Transliteration
pēdálion
Phonetics
pay-dal'-ee-on
Root Word (Etymology)
from a (presumed) derivative of pedon (the blade of an oar, from the same as (G3976))
Parts of Speech
neuter noun
TDNT
None
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Definition   
Thayer's
  1. a ship's rudder
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Acts 1
James 1
NAS (2)
Acts 1
James 1
CSB (2)
Acts 1
James 1
BSB (2)
Acts 1
James 1
ESV (2)
Acts 1
James 1
WEB (2)
Acts 1
James 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πηδάλι-ον [ ], τό, ( πηδόν )

steering-paddle, rudder, Hom., only in Od.; π. μετὰ χερσὶ . . νηὸς ἔχοντα 3.281; π. ποιήσατο, ὄφρ' ἰθύνοι 5.255; πηδαλίῳ ἰθύνετο τεχνηέντως ἥμενος ib. 270; π. δὲ ἐκ χειρῶν προέηκε ib. 315; π. δὲ ἓν ποιεῦνται (sc. Αἰγύπτιοι ) καὶ τοῦτο διὰ τῆς τρόπιος διαβύνεται Hdt. 2.96; Greek ships had a pair, hence in pl., of a single ship, Id. 4.110, Cratin. 139, Ar. Eq. 542, Diph. 43.11; πηδάλια ζεύγλαισι (cross-bars) παρακαθίετο E. Hel. 1536; ἀνέντες τὰς ζευκτηρίας τῶν π . Acts 27:40; πηδάλια εἶχε τέτταρα τριακονταπήχη, of the τεσσαρακοντήρης of Ptolemy IV, Callix. 1: metaph. in Com., [ γυνὴ] . . οὐδὲ μικρὸν πείθεται ἑνὶ πηδαλίῳ Theophil. 6: prov., π. κρεμάσαι to retire from a seafaring life, Ar. Av. 711 .

2. metaph., ἱππικὰ π ., of reins, A. Th. 206 (lyr.); νώμα δικαίῳ π. στρατόν Pi. P. 1.86; τὰ π. τῆς διανοίας Pl. Clit. 408b .

II in pl., of the oars by which the nautilus is said to steer himself, Arist. HA 622b13; of the long hind legs of the locust and grasshopper, ib. 532a29, 535b12, cf. IA 710a3 .

III = πολύγονον ἄρρεν, Ps.- Dsc. 4.4.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πηδάλιον, πηδαλίου, τό (from πηδον the blade of an oar, an oar), from Homer down, a ship's rudder :. Acts 27:40 (on the plural see Smith, Voy. and Shipwreck of St. Paul, 4th edition, p. 183ff; B. D., under the word, Ship (2); cf. Graser, Das Seewesen des Alterthums, in the Philologus for 1865, p. 266f); James 3:4.


Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* πηδάλιον , -συ , τό

(< πηδός , the blade of an oar),

a rudder: James 3:4; pl., Acts 27:40.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

With this expressive compound = ";having many folds,"; ";many times over"; in Matthew 19:29, Luke 18:30, we may compare the form πολλαπολλῶν in P Oxy IV. 744.9 (B.C. 1) .(= Witkowski.2, p. 132), where a husband writes to his wife—ἐὰν πολλαπολλῶν τέκῃς. The meaning of πολλαπολλῶν is far from clear, but Witkowski renders quod bene vertat, equivalent to our ";by great good luck.";

 


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πηδαλιου πηδαλίου πηδαλιων πηδαλίων πηδάν πηδών pedalion pedalíon pēdaliōn pēdalíōn pedaliou pedalíou pēdaliou pēdalíou
 
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