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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4118 - πλεῖστος

Transliteration
pleîstos
Phonetics
plice'-tos
Origin
irregular superlative of (G4183)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. most
  2. at the very most
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (3)
Matthew
2
1 Corinthians
1
HCS ( 0 )
HCS (4)
Matthew
2
Mark
1
1 Corinthians
1
BSB (4)
Matthew
2
Mark
1
1 Corinthians
1
ESV (2)
Matthew
1
1 Corinthians
1
WEB (3)
Matthew
2
1 Corinthians
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πλεῖστος, η, ον,

Sup. of πολύς, most, greatest, largest, in number, size, extent, etc., π. ὅμιλος, λαός, Il. 15.616, 16.377, etc.; π. κακόν Od. 4.697; πλεῖστοι ἐπιχθονίων ἀνθρώπων Hes. Fr. 33.1; π. εὐκλείας γέρας S. Ph. 478; φιλοσοφία παλαιοτάτη τε καὶ πλείστη most in vogue, Pl. Prt. 342a; π. τῶν Ἑλληνικῶν φῦλον τὸ Ἀρκαδικόν X. HG 7.1.23, etc.; τῇ γνώμῃ πλεῖστός εἰμι, ἡ π. γνώμη, Hdt. 7.220 (s.v.l.), 5.126; πλεῖστον σχήσειν, as Sup. of πλέον ἔχειν (v. πλείων ), Th. 7.36 .

2. with Art., οἱ π. the greatest number, Id. 4.90, etc.; τὸ π. τοῦ βίου the greatest part of . ., Pl. Lg. 718a, etc. (also same gender as the foll. Noun, ὁ π. τοῦ βίου, ἡ π. τῆς στρατιᾶς, Th. 1.5, 7.3 ); τῇ ὄψει τοῦ θαρσεῖν τὸ π. εἰληφότες Id. 4.34; τῷ πλούτῳ διδοὺς τὸ π. E. Supp. 408 .

II Special usages: with relat., ὅσας ἂν πλείστας δύνωνται καταστρέφεσθαι subdue the greatest number that they possibly could, Hdt. 6.44; ὡς ἂν δύνωνται πλεῖστα IG 12.98.4, cf. 109.10, 113.37; ὁπόσσω κα πλείστω ἄξιος ᾖ Berl.Sitzb. 1927.160 ( Cyrene ); ὅς κα πλεῖστον διδῷ ἀποδόμενοι Leg.Gort. 5.48; ὡς π. χρόνον Pl. Grg. 481b; ὅτι π. Th. 6.64, etc.: coupled with εἷς (q.v.), εἷς ἀνὴρ π. πόνον ἐχθροῖς παρασχών A. Pers. 327: in comp. sense, πλείστον ἄξια ἢ ὥς τις οἴεται Hp. Art. 57 (but πλεῖστα ἤ is corrupt in Hdt. 2.35 ).

III Adv. usages: πλεῖστον most, Il. 19.287, Hes. Th. 231, etc.; ὡς π. X. An. 2.2.12: sts. added to a Sup., π. ἐχθίστη S. Ph. 631; π. ἀνθρώπων . . κάκιστος Id. OC 743; τὴν π. ἡδίστην θεῶν E. Alc. 790: πλεῖστα as Adv., Pi. P. 9.97, S. OC 720, etc.; πολλάκις μὲν . ., π. δὲ . . Pl. Hp.Ma. 281b; π. χαίρειν, freq. in letters, POxy. 742 (i B.C.), etc. furthest, π. ἀφεστηκέναι Pl. R. 587a, Arist. Mu. 391a13 .

2. with Art., τὸ π. at most, ἡμερῶν τεσσάρων τὸ π. Ar. V. 260, etc.; τὰ π. for the most part, Pl. Criti. 118c, etc.; opp. ἐνίοτε, Arist. HA 563a31 .

The form πλείστως is cited by Gal. 17(1).855 from Hp. Epid. 6.1.10 ( πλεῖστα codd.). with Preps.:

1 διὰ πλείστου furthest off, in point of space or time, Th. 4.115, 6.11 .

2. ἐς πλεῖστον most, S. OC 739 .

3. ἐπὶ πλεῖστον over the greatest distance, to the greatest extent, in point of space, time, or extent, ἐπὶ π. χλιδῆς ἀπίκετο Hdt. 6.127; ἐπὶ π. τοῦ γενησομένου Th. 1.138; ἐκ τοῦ ἐπὶ π. Id. 1.2; ἐπὶ π. ἀνθρώπων ib. 1; ὡς ἐπὶ π. or ὡς ἐπὶ τὸ π., for the most part, Id. 4.14, Pl. Lg. 720d .

4. κατὰ τὸ π. for the most part, Plb. 11.4.7, etc.

5. περὶ πλείστου ποιεῖσθαι, v. περί A. IV.

6. ἐν τοῖς πλεῖσται, v. ὁ, ἡ, τό, A. v111. 6.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πλεῖστος , πλείων , see πολύς G4183.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

an indefinite temporal particle = ";at any time,"; ";at some time,"; ";once,"; ";formerly"; : cf. PSI V. 484.2 (B.C. 258–7) ὥς ποτε αὐτῶι ἐδόκει, P Oxy IV. 745.7 (c. A.D. 1) οὐκ οἶδας γὰρ πῶς μοι ἐχρήσατο ἐν Ὀξυρύγχοις οὐχ ὡς λύσα <ν >τι ἀλλ᾽ ὥς τινί ποτε ἀποστερητῆι μὴ ἀποδεδωκότι, ";you don’t know how he treated me at Oxyrhynchus (?), not like a man who had paid but like a defrauder and a debtor"; (Edd.), P Fay 110.26 (A.D. 94) Ἥρωνα τόν ποτε ἡγούμ (ενον), ";Heron the former president,"; P Ryl II. 243.9 (ii/A.D.) ὅσα ποτὲ οὖν ἐὰν ̣ ἀνα íνα ýλώσῃς ἰς τὴν τοῦ κλήρου κατεργασίαν, ἡμεῖν ἐνλόγησον ἐπὶ λόγου, ";put down to our account everything you expend on the cultivation of the holding"; (Edd.), P Oxy VI. 928.6 (ii/iii A.D.) ὡμείλησας δέ μοί ποτε περὶ τούτου, ";you once had a conversation with me on this subject"; (Edd.), P Par 574.1240 (iii/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 113) ἐξορκίζω σε, δαῖμον, ὅστις ποτ᾽ οὖν εἶ, and P Oxy XIV. 1680.15 (iii/iv A.D.) ὑπονοοῦμαι ὅτι πάντως πάλιν τί ποτε ἔχει πρὸς σέ, ";I suspect that he must have some further claim against you"; (Edd.).

In illustration of Revelation 2:9 mention is sometimes made of CIG II. 3148 (time of Hadrian) οἱ ποτὲ Ἰουδαῖοι, ";the quondam Jews,"; as if these were renegade Jews who had forsworn their faith, but Ramsay (Letters, p. 272), following Mommsen, is of opinion that they were ";quondam"; in the sense that they were ";no longer recognised as a separate nation by the Roman law (as they had been before A.D. 70).";

For ἤδη ποτέ, iam tandem, as in Romans 1:10, cf. the ostracon letter published by Deissmann LAE, p. 186—.6 καὶ ἤδη ποτὲ δὸς τῆ ἐμῆ παιδίσκη τὰς τοῦ (πυροῦ) γ ̄ ε ̄, ";and now at length give to my maid the 3¾ artabae of wheat."; See further s.v. μήποτε.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πλεισται πλεῖσται πλειστον πλεῖστον πλειστος πλεῖστος pleistai pleîstai pleiston pleîston pleistos pleîstos
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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