Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #4152 - πνευματικός
- relating to the human spirit, or rational soul, as part of the man which is akin to God and serves as his instrument or organ
- that which possesses the nature of the rational soul
- belonging to a spirit, or a being higher than man but inferior to God
- belonging to the Divine Spirit
- of God the Holy Spirit
- one who is filled with and governed by the Spirit of God
- pertaining to the wind or breath; windy, exposed to the wind, blowing
πνευμᾰτ-ικός, ή, όν,
of wind or air, κινήσεις Arist. Pr. 916b4; βία π. Id. HA 586a17; φύσεις Epicur. Ephesians 2 p.39U.; ἀέρος ψυχρότης Thphr. CP 4.12.5; π. [ὄργανον ] a machine moved by wind, Vitr. 10.1.1; μηχάνημα Gal. Anim.Pass. 2.3 .
2. of the nature of wind or air, τὰ π. Arist. Mete. 380a23; π. ξηρότης, i. e. a dry vapour, Plu. Alex. 35 . of subtle substance, τὸ π. Str. 1.3.5; οὐσία, opp. ὑγρά, Ph. 1.15, cf. Cleom. 1.8, Gal. 7.596.
3. inflated, distended with air, ὑστέραι Arist. HA 584b22 .
4. Act. (= πνευματώδης 1.3 ), causing flatulence, οἶνος Id. Pr. 955a35; βρώματα Nicom.Com. 1.31, cf. Diph.Siph. ap. Ath. 3.73a ( Sup. ), Plu. 2.286e, Sor. 1.52 . Adv. -κῶς by flatulence, Archig. ap. Gal. 12.537.
5. breathing, exhaling, εὐοσμία Thphr. CP 6.16.3 .
II of the breath or breathing, τὸ π. μόριον, ὁ π. τόπος, Arist. GA 781a31, Pr. 962a11 . III of spirit, spiritual, interpol. in Plu. 2.129c; opp. σαρκικός, ψυχικός, Ep.Romans 15:27; 1 Corinthians 2:13, etc. Adv. -κῶς ib. 14 . οἱ Π. a school of physicians who referred all questions of health to pneumatic agencies, Gal. 8.749, 15.111. conveying πνεῦμα, κοιλία, of the left ventricle of the heart (opp. αἱματική ), Erasistr. ap. eund. UP 6.12, cf. Placit. 4.5.7. Rhet., Adv. -κῶς in one breath (cf. πνεῦμα VI), ἀποτείνεσθαι Hermog. Inv. 4.1 .
* πνευματικός , -ή , -όν
(< πνεῦμα ),
1. of or caused by the wind, air or breath (Arist., al.).
2. spiritual (opp. to σωματικός , Plut.);
(a) of created beings : τὰ Papyri (RV, the spiritual hosts), Ephesians 6:12; of that which is related to the human spirit, opp. to ψυχικός , 1 Corinthians 15:44; 1 Corinthians 15:46;
(b) of that which belongs to or is actuated by the Divine Spirit;
(α ) of persons : 1 Corinthians 2:15; 1 Corinthians 3:1; 1 Corinthians 14:37, Galatians 6:1; οἶκος Papyri, fig., 1 Peter 2:5;
(β ) of things : Romans 1:11; Romans 7:14, 1 Corinthians 2:13; 1 Corinthians 10:3-4; 1 Corinthians 12:1; 1 Corinthians 14:1, Ephesians 1:3; Ephesians 5:19, Colossians 1:9; Colossians 3:16, 1 Peter 2:5; opp. to τ . σαρκικά , Romans 15:27, 1 Corinthians 9:11.†
SYN.: ψυχικός G5591, q.v., and cf. DB, ii, 410, iv, 612.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
On the connexion of Prisca or Priscilla and her husband Aquila with the Roman Church, see SH p. 418 ff., supplemented by Edmundson The Church in Rome, p. 242 f., and for Harnack’s suggestion that Priscilla may have been the author of the Ep. to the Hebrews, see ZNTW i. (1900), p. 16 ff.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Third Week after Epiphany