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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4210 - πορφυροῦς

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G4209)
Parts of Speech
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  1. purple, dyed in purple, made of purple fabric
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 713 ‑ אַרְגָּמָן (ar‑gaw‑mawn');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (3)
John 2
Revelation 1
NAS (4)
John 2
Revelation 2
CSB (4)
John 2
Revelation 2
BSB (4)
John 2
Revelation 2
ESV (3)
John 2
Revelation 1
WEB (3)
John 2
Revelation 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πορφῠροῦς, ᾶ, οῦν, Att. contr. for πορφύρεος.

πορφύρ-εος, η, ον,

Att. πορφυρ-ῠροῦς, ᾶ, οῦν,

Aeol. πορφυρ-ύριος Sapph. 64, Alc. Supp. 11.2 ( πόρφυρον ἄνθος is corrupt in Sapph. 94, and πορφυρ[α ] as neut. pl. ( ) is found in Sapph. Supp. 20a . 9 ); -ύριος also in IG 5(1).1390.179 (Andania, i B.C. ):

I in Hom., 1 of the sea (cf. πορφύρω ), heaving, surging, [ χαράδραι] ἐς . . ἅλα πορφυρέην μεγάλα στενάχουσι ὁέουσαι Il. 16.391; ἀμφὶ δὲ κῦμα στείρῃ πορφύρεον μεγάλ' ἴαχε νηὸς ἰούσης 1.482, Od. 2.428; π. κῦμα . . ποταμοῖο ἵστατ' ἀειρόμενον Il. 21.326, cf. Od. 11.243; θάλασσα Alc.l.c.

2. of blood, gushing, αἵματι δὲ χθὼν δεύετο π. Il. 17.361; so, π. θάνατος onrushing death, of death in battle, 5.83, al. (but, π. θάνατος· ὁ μέλας καὶ βαθὺς καὶ ταραχώδης, Hsch. ).

3. of the rainbow, Il. 17.547; to which a supernatural π. νεφέλη is compared, ib. 551; perh. lurid.

II purple, of stuff, cloths, etc., π. φᾶρος Il. 8.221; χλαῖνα Od. 4.115; πέπλοι Il. 24.796; δίπλαξ 3.126, Od. 19.242; ῥήγεα Il. 24.645; τάπητες 9.200, Od. 20.151; σφαῖρα 8.373; χλάμυς Sapph. 64; σπάργανα, πτερά, Pi. P. 4.114, 183; χλανίς, χιτών, Simon. 37.11, B. 17.52, cf. A. Pers. 317, Hdt. 1.50, E. Or. 1457 codd. (lyr.), etc.

2. of human complexion, bright-red, rosy, flushing, π. Ἀφροδίτη Anacr. 2.3; στόμα Simon. 72; παρῇδες Phryn.Trag. 13; χ είλη IG 3.1376.

3. purple-clad, in purple, Luc. Tim. 20 .

4. neut. pl. πορφυρᾶ purple colour or purple spots, Ael. NA 17.33 .

5. πορφυροῦν (sc. ἄνθος ), τό, Woodfordia floribunda (an Indian shrub), Ctes. Fr. 57.21 .

6. Adv. -ῶς, στύφειν mordant for purple, PHolm. 24.37.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πορφύρεος, πορφυρεα, πορφυρεον, in Attic and in the N. T. contracted πορφυροῦς, πορφύρα, πορφυροῦν (πορφύρα), from Homer down, purple, dyed in purple, made of a purple fabric: John 19:2, 5; πορφυροῦν namely, ἔνδυμα ((Buttmann, 82 (72)); cf. Winer's Grammar, p. 591 (550)), Revelation 17:4 (G L T Tr WH); Revelation 18:16.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πορφύρεος , -α , -ον ,

contr., -οῦς , - , -οῦν

(< ποπφύρα ),

[in LXX for H713;]

purple: John 19:2; John 19:5; as subst., πορφυροῦν (sc. ἱμάτιον ), Revelation 17:4; Revelation 18:6.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";suffer previously."; To the citations in LS8 for this NT ἅπ. εἰρ. (1 Thessalonians 2:2) we may add Menander Fragm. p. 200, fr. 696.

[An interesting instance of the compd προσπάσχω occurs in the letter P Lond 1929 (mid. iv/A.D.), which the editor thinks may have been written by the great Athanasius himself. After referring to the bad health of his mother, the writer proceeds—.13 ̣γὼν οὖν [μέγιστος πε ]ρὶ ἐμου ̣̑ [ἐστὶ ] π [ρο ]σπάσχοντος. . ., ";so that there is very great anxiety concerning me, suffering [this?] in addition"; (Ed.).]


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πορφύραν πορφυροίς πορφυρουν πορφυρούν πορφυροῦν porphuroun porphyroun porphyroûn
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