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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #713 - אַרְגָּמָן

Transliteration
ʼargâmân
Phonetics
ar-gaw-mawn'
Root Word (Etymology)
of foreign origin
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
TWOT
157b
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אַרְגַּז
 
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Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) purple, red-purple

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4210 ‑ πορφυροῦς (por‑foo‑rooce');  4209 ‑ πορφύρα (por‑foo'‑rah);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (38)
Exodus 26
Numbers 1
Judges 1
2 Chronicles 2
Esther 2
Proverbs 1
Song of Solomon 2
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 2
NAS (40)
Exodus 26
Numbers 1
Judges 1
2 Chronicles 2
Esther 2
Proverbs 1
Song of Solomon 4
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 2
CSB (38)
Exodus 26
Numbers 1
Judges 1
2 Chronicles 2
Esther 2
Proverbs 1
Song of Solomon 2
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 2
BSB (38)
Exodus 26
Numbers 1
Judges 1
2 Chronicles 2
Esther 2
Proverbs 1
Song of Solomon 2
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 2
ESV (10)
Numbers 1
Judges 1
2 Chronicles 2
Esther 2
Proverbs 1
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 2
WEB (38)
Exodus 26
Numbers 1
Judges 1
2 Chronicles 2
Esther 2
Proverbs 1
Song of Solomon 2
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 2
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1440) cr (רג RG) AC: Trample CO: Rug AB: Thought: The pictograph r is a picture of the head of a man, the c is a picture of a foot. Combined these mean "man of feet". The treading underfoot of something. A woven rug as something tread upon. (eng: rug - as woven and trampled on; harangue; wrong)

A) cr (רג RG) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Thought: A weaving of thoughts in the mind.

Nm) cr (רג RG) - Thought: [df: er] KJV (2): thoughts - Strongs: H7454 (רֵעַ)

fjm ) nficr (רגיונ RGYWN) - Thought: [Aramaic only] [df: Nwyer] KJV (6): thoughts - Strongs: H7476 (רַעְיוֹן)

C) cra (ארג ARG) AC: Weave CO: ? AB: ?: A woven rug that is laid on the floor of the tent for walking on.

V) cra (ארג ARG) - Weave: KJV (13): (vf: Paal) weave, weaver - Strongs: H707 (אָרַג)

Nm) cra (ארג ARG) - Beam: A weavers beam. KJV (2): beam, shuttle - Strongs: H708 (אֶרֶג)

jm) nfcra (ארגונ ARGWN) - Purple: A reddish-purple color used to dye yarn and used in weaving. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (4): purple, scarlet - Strongs: H710 (אַרְגְּוָן), H711 (אַרְגְּוָן)

pmm) nmcra (ארגמנ ARGMN) - Purple: A reddish-purple color used to dye yarn and used in weaving. KJV (38): purple - Strongs: H713 (אַרְגָּמָן)

F) cre (הרג HRG) AC: Trample CO: ? AB: ?: The trampling over of another with the intent to kill.

V) cre (הרג HRG) - Kill: KJV (167): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Pual) slay, kill, murderer, destroy, murder, slayer - Strongs: H2026 (הָרַג)

Nm) cre (הרג HRG) - Slaughter: KJV (5): slaughter, slain - Strongs: H2027 (הֶרֶג)

Nf1) ecre (הרגה HRGH) - Slaughter: KJV (5): slaughter - Strongs: H2028 (הֲרֵגָה)

L) cri (ירג YRG) AC: Trample CO: Sledge AB: ?

Nf ) cri (ירג YRG) - Sledge: A wooden sled pulled behind oxen that tramples over the grain to open the hulls. [df: heyry] KJV (54): curtain - Strongs: H3407 (יְרִיעָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 אַרְגָּמָן noun [masculine] purple, red-purple, i.e. purple thread & cloth (Assyrian argamannu COT Exodus 25:4, Arabic , Aramaic , compare אַרְגְּוָן above; etymology dubious; possibly Sanskrit râgaman, adjective red, reddish, from râga, red colour, so Benary compare Thes Add111 Rob-Ges; see MV; Thes earlier, from רגם; but probably loan-word, compare also Lag BN 205; Persian is also cited by PS) — form always as above —

1 purple thread, compare especially Exodus 35:25; Exodus 39:3; Esther 1:6;

a. mostly Exodus (P) with reference to the hangings of tabernacle, the ephod, etc.; seldom alone; with תְּכֵלֶת, violet (q. v.), תּוֺלַעַת שָׁנִי, (מָשְׁזָב) שֵׁשׁ, (also עִזִּים) Exodus 25:4; Exodus 26:1,31,36; Exodus 27:16; Exodus 35:8,25,35; Exodus 36:8,35,37; Exodus 38:18,23; Exodus 39:24 (on text see Di) Exodus 39:29; with these + זָהָב Exodus 28:5,6,8,15; Exodus 39:2; Exodus 39:3; Exodus 39:5; Exodus 39:8; omitted ׳שֵׁשׁ מ Exodus 28:33; Exodus 39:1; also of temple-hangings, with תְּכֵלֶת, בּוּץ & כַּרְמִיל 2 Chronicles 3:14; compare 2 Chronicles 2:13 (see also 2 Chronicles 2:6 see below אַרְגְּוָן).

b. as indicating wealth & luxury of Tyre, c. שֵׁשׁ, רִקְמָה, תְּכֵלֶת Ezekiel 27:7; with רִקְמָה & בּוּץ Ezekiel 27:16 (as articles of commerce); also in Persia, with בּוּץ Esther 1:6.

2 purple cloth, chiefly of garments, ׳בֶּגֶד א Numbers 4:13; Judges 8:26; ׳וְתַכְרִיךְ בּוּץ וְא Esther 8:15, לְבוּשָׁהּ׳שֵׁשׁ וְא Proverbs 31:22; לְבוּשָׁם׳תְּכֵלָת וְא Jeremiah 10:9; also ׳מֶרְכָּבוֺ א Song of Solomon 3:10; in simile, of woman's hair Song of Solomon 7:6.


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אַרְגָּמָן m.

(1)  purple, reddish purple, a precious colour, obtained from some species of shell-fish (Gr. πορφύρα, Lat. purpura), found on the shores of the Mediterranean sea (1Ma_4:23 Plin. N.H. ix. 60, seq.). Compare under the word אֱלִישָׁה, and Bochart, Hieroz. ii. 740 seq.; Braunius, De Vestitu Sacerdotum, page 211, seq.; Amati, De Restitutione Purpurarum, third edition, Cesenæ, 1784; Heeren, Hist. Werke, xi. p. 84. Different from this is bluish purple תְּכֵלֶת which see. בֶּגֶד אַרְנָּמָן “a purple cloth,” Numbers 4:13.

(2) any thing dyed with purple, purple cloths, Exodus 25:26, 27 Exodus 25:27; Ezekiel 27:16; Proverbs 31:22; Jeremiah 10:9.

The origin is uncertain. If it properly denotes the muscle, from which the reddish, purple is procured (and this is probable, since תְּכֵלֶת also properly signifies a shell-fish), one might understand a ridged or pointed muscle (such as is the form of the purpura), from רָגַם, رجم to heap; if the name refer to the colour, רָגַם may be the same as רָקַם to variegate, to dye with colours. Bochart, loc. cit. regards this word as contracted from אֲרַמְגָּוָן Syrian colour, from אֲרָס Syria, and ܓܰܘܢܳܐ colour; but this is contrary to the manner of compound words in the Phœnicio-Shemitic languages, in which the genitive does not precede, but follows the nominative. Some compare the modern Persic ارجوان, ارغوان used of a flower of a purple colour; but there can be no doubt that this word has been borrowed from the Phœnicio-Shemitic languages.

[“Note. The etymology of this word, and of the cognate אַרְגְּוָן has been traced, with great probability, by F. Benary, in the Sanscrit; Annal. Lit. Berol. 1841, page 141. The form אַרְגָּמָן is Sansc. râgaman, and אַרְגְּוָן is Sanscr. râgavan, ‘tinged with a red colour;’ from râga red colour, with the formative syllable mat, vat. See Wilson’s Sanscr. Dictionary, page 700, a. Râgaman and râgavan are put in the nom., the primary form being râgamat, râgavat.” Ges. add.]


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List of Word Forms
אַרְגָּמָ֑ן אַרְגָּמָ֨ן אַרְגָּמָֽן׃ ארגמן ארגמן׃ בָּאַרְגָּמָ֤ן בארגמן הָֽאַרְגָּמָ֑ן הָֽאַרְגָּמָ֔ן הָאַרְגָּמָ֗ן הארגמן וְאַרְגָּמָ֑ן וְאַרְגָּמָ֔ן וְאַרְגָּמָ֖ן וְאַרְגָּמָ֛ן וְאַרְגָּמָ֜ן וְאַרְגָּמָ֣ן וְאַרְגָּמָן֙ וְהָֽאַרְגָּמָן֙ וּבָֽאַרְגָּמָ֔ן וּבָֽאַרְגָּמָ֗ן וארגמן ובארגמן והארגמן כָּאַרְגָּמָ֑ן כארגמן ’ar·gā·mān ’argāmān argaMan bā’argāmān bā·’ar·gā·mān baargaMan hā’argāmān hā·’ar·gā·mān haargaMan kā’argāmān kā·’ar·gā·mān kaargaMan ū·ḇā·’ar·gā·mān ūḇā’argāmān uvaargaMan veargaMan vehaargaMan wə’argāmān wə·’ar·gā·mān wə·hā·’ar·gā·mān wəhā’argāmān
 
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