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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4277 - προέπω

from (G4253) and (G2036)
Parts of Speech
  1. to say before
    1. to say in what precedes, to say above
    2. to say before i.e. heretofore, formerly
    3. to say beforehand i.e. before the event: prophecies
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (5)
1 Thessalonians
HCS ( 0 )
BSB ( 0 )
BSB (1)
ESV (2)
1 Thessalonians
WEB (5)
1 Thessalonians
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


From G4253 and G2036

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** προ -εῖπον ,

2 aor. from unused Pres. (see εἶπον , and pf., -είρηκα (3 Maccabees 6:35 *), pass., -είρημαι (2 Maccabees 2:32, 3 Maccabees 1:26, al.),

1. to say before: Galatians 1:9, 1 Thessalonians 4:6 (on the form -αμεν , v. WH, App., 164), Hebrews 4:7; seq. ὅτι , 2 Corinthians 7:3; 2 Corinthians 13:2, Galatians 5:21; of prophecy, Matthew 24:25, Mark 13:23, Acts 1:16, Romans 9:29, 2 Peter 3:2, Judges 1:17.

2. to proclaim publicly, declare openly or plainly (cl.): so R, mg., in 2 Corinthians 13:2, Galatians 5:21, 1 Thessalonians 4:6 (cf. προλέγω ; but v. supr., and cf. M, Th., 38).†

προ -είρηκα , -είρημαι , see προεῖπον .

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

προσφωνέω is included by Mayser (Gr. p. 34) among the poetical verbs which have passed into the Κοινή. For the meaning ";address,"; ";give speech to,"; as in Acts 22:2, we may cite P Petr II. 38 (b).3 (B.C. 242) παρὰ δέ σου οὐθ [ ]ν ἡμῖν προσπεφώνηται, ";whereas from you not a word has been uttered"; (Ed.), Chrest. I. 27 verso.15 (ii/A.D.) περὶ τούτου ὡς ἔδοξε [ν ], προσφωνησάτω ἡμεῖν ὁ πρυτανικός.

From this it is an easy transition to the more official sense of ";report,"; as in P Ryl II. 83.10 (A.D. 138–161) where a tax-collector states to the commission appointed to receive his accounts, προσφωνῶ περὶ τοῦ μ ̣η ̣δέν μοι διαγεγρά (φθαι) ὑπὲρ [λ ]ημμάτων ἰδίου λόγου, ";I report to you that nothing has been paid to me on behalf of the revenues of the privy purse"; (Edd.), BGU I. 16.13 (A.D. 159–160) (= Selections, p. 84) ἐπιζητοῦσι ὑμ [ ]ν εἰ [οὕ ]τως ἔχει προσφωνοῦμεν, ";to your enquiries whether these things are so we report,"; with reference to certain charges against a priest, P Oxy I. 51.9 (A.D. 173) a public physician is instructed to inspect the body of a man who had been hanged, and προσφωνῆσαι regarding it, and similarly ib. III. 475.8 (A.D. 182), VI. 896.39 (A.D. 316) : cf. 1 Esdras 2:21. The account of Nero’s speech to the Greeks on freedom in A.D. 67, Syll 376 (= .3 814).8, is introduced with the words, συνελθόντων τῶν ὄχλων ἐν ἐκκλησίᾳ προσεφώνησεν τὰ ὑπογεγραμμένα.

The word is found associated with ὁμολογέω with the meaning ";avow,"; ";acknowledge,"; in P Gen 1. 68.1 (A.D. 382) προσεφω ̣[ν ]ησεν καὶ ὁμολόγησεν Αὐ [ρή ]λιος Περγάμιος, and in P Leid G.20 (B.C. 99) (= I. p. 43) the editor (p. 47) thinks that προσφωνέω has the meaning compellandi, cum reprehensions admonendi.

For προσφώνησις cf. P Grenf I. 35.6 (B.C. 99) ἐγράψαμεν ὑμῖν ὑπὲρ ὧν βουλόμεθα, μηδεμιᾶς προσφωνήσεως προσπεπτωκυίας, and see Preisigke Fachwörter s.v.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
προείπαμεν προείπε προείπον
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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