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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4372 - πρόσφατος

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G4253) and a derivative of (G4969)
Parts of Speech
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  1. lately slaughtered, freshly killed
  2. recently made, new
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2114 ‑ זוּר (zoor);  2319 ‑ חָדָשׁ (khaw‑dawsh');  3892 ‑ לַח (lakh);  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πρόσφᾰτος, ον, fresh, not decomposed, of a corpse miraculously preserved, νῦν δέ μοι ἑρσήεις καὶ π. ἐν μεγάροισιν κεῖσαι Il. 24.757; νεκρὸς π . Hdt. 2.89, 121 . έ; τροφὴ ἔτι π . (sc. before digestion begins) Arist. PA 675b32; [ ζῷα] τὰ πεπωκότα πόμα π . which have taken a recent drink, Id. HA 520b31; πορφύρας . . πρόσφατον τὸ ἄνθος ἔτι φυλαττούσης Plu. Alex. 36; of fish, Antiph. 218.1, Men. 462.4, PMich.Zen. 72.8 (iii B.C.); ἐχῖνοι Posidipp. 14; of poultry, Gal. Vict.Att. 8; [ κρέα ] Hp. Acut. ( Sp. ) 49, cf. Sor. 2.15, al.; δέλεαρ Arist. HA 534a12; ζῷα π ., opp. salted, D.S. 3.31, cf. Gal. 6.728; ἄλφιτα καὶ ἄλητα Hp. Vict. 2.44, gloss on ποταίνια in Acut. 37; καρποί, ἔλαιον, Arist. Pr. 926a30, 927a29; ῥίζαι [σιλφίου ] Thphr. HP 6.3.5; σταφυλή LXX Numbers 6:3, Sor. 1.51; φῦκος Agatharch. 35; νάρδος Dsc. 1.7; χιών Plb. 3.55.1; παγάν Pi. P. 4.299 (unless πρόσφατον ξενωθείς = recently entertained); ὕδωρ newly-drawn well-water, Plu. 2.690c; ποτόν Porph. Marc. 4; αἷμα uncoagulated, opp. πεπηγότες θρόμβοι, Hp. Epid. 7.10; [ καταμηνίων ῥύσις] -ωτέρα Arist. GA 764a6; σπέρμα, οὖρον, Id. Pr. 924b28, 907b25 .

2. of events and actions, recent, δίκαι A. Ch. 804 (lyr.); ἐπιστολαί S. Fr. 128; ὀργή Lys. 18.19; ὀχεία Arist. HA 509b31; φόβος Aen.Tact. 3.1; φθόνος Plu. Them. 24; θεωρίαι καὶ μαθήσεις Arist. EE 1237a24; φαντασία Id. MM 1203b4; λύπη defined as δόξα πρόσφατος κακοῦ παρουσίας Zeno Stoic. 1.52; ἀτύχημα Plb. 1.21.9; εὐεργεσίαι Id. 2.46.1; [ πράγματα ] Plu. 2.146b; ὄγκοι ( = οἰδήματα ) Gal. 18(2).145; βήξ, i.e. not yet chronic, Sor. 1.123, cf. 2.46; γάλα, i.e. lately begun to be secreted, Id. 1.89; of persons, recent in date, of Homer, Arist. Mete. 351b35; μάρτυρες . . οἱ μὲν παλαιοὶ οἱ δὲ π . Id. Rh. 1375b27: used predicatively, χρόνοι [τοῖς πλουσίοις] τοῦ δίκην ὑποσχεῖν . . δίδονται, καὶ τἀδικήμαθ' ἕωλα . . ὡς ὑμᾶς καὶ ψύχρ' ἀφικνεῖται, τῶν δ' ἄλλων ἡμῶν ἕκαστος π. κρίνεται the cases of us poor men are served up fresh, D. 21.112; νεαλὴς καὶ π . fresh (because recently imprisoned), Id. 25.61 .

3. new, οὐκ ἔστι πᾶν π. ὑπὸ τὸν ἥλιον LXX Ecclesiastes 1:9; οὐκ ἔσται ἐν σοὶ θεὸς π . ib. Psalms 80:10(81).10; ὁδὸν π. καὶ ζῶσαν Ep.Hebrews 10:20; ἀεὶ ἡδίων ἡ π. ἀφροδίτη Alciphr. 1.39 .

II Adv. -τως newly, lately, π. ἠγγελμένων Aen.Tact. 16.2, cf. LXX De. 24.5, OGI 315.23 (Pessinus, ii B.C. ), Parth. 28.1, D.S. 14.115, J. BJ 1.6.2, Babr. 30.3, Anon.Hist. ( FGrH 153) p.826 J. (Orig. = νεωστὶ ἀνῃρημένος (cf. πέφαται, etc.) acc. to Phot.; perh. slaughtered for (the occasion).)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πρόσφατος, πρόσφατον (from πρό and σφάω or σφάζω; cf. Delitzsch, Commentary on Hebrews (as below), p. 478; (cf. Lob. Technol., p. 106));

1. properly, lately slaughtered, freshly killed: Homer, Iliad 21, 757.

2. universally, recently or very lately made, new: ὁδός, Hebrews 10:20 (so from Aeschylus down; φίλος πρόσφατος, Sir. 9:10; οὐκ ἐστι πᾶν πρόσφατον ὑπό τόν ἥλιον, Ecclesiastes 1:9). Cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 374f.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πρόσφατος , -ον

(on the derivation, v. Boisacq, s.v. and cf. -ως ),

[in LXX: Numbers 6:3 (H3892), Deuteronomy 32:17, Ecclesiastes 1:9 (H2319), Psalms 81:9 (H2114), Sirach 9:10*;]

1. originally, freshly slain.

2. Generally (from Æsch. on), new, fresh, recent: ὁδός , Hebrews 10:20 (v. MM, Exp., xxi; Rutherford, NPhr., 471 f.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";sprinkle,"; equivalent to classical ῥαίνω, in Hebrews 9:13 al. is one of the exx. of ";neues Sprachgut"; in the Κοινή : cf. Thumb Hellen, p. 223. For ῥαντός, ";sprinkled,"; ";spotted,"; as in LXX Genesis 30:32 Dsil, cf. PSI VI. 569.10 (iii/B.C.) θήλειαι μέλαιναι δ καὶ ῥαντὴ α ¯, of birds.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πρόσφατοι προσφατον πρόσφατον πρόσφατος prosphaton prósphaton
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