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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #440 - ἄνθραξ

of uncertain derivation
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  1. a burning or live coal
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 100 ‑ אַגְמוֹן (ag‑mone');  916 ‑ בְּדֹלַח (bed‑o'‑lakh);  1513 ‑ גֶּחֶל (ghe'‑khel, gah‑kheh'‑leth);  3956 ‑ לְשֹׁנָה (law‑shone', law‑shone', lesh‑o‑naw');  5306 ‑ נֹפֶךְ (no'‑fek);  6352 ‑ פֶּחָם (peh‑khawm');  7531 ‑ רִצְפָּה (rits‑paw');  7565 ‑ רֶשֶׁף (reh'‑shef);  8658 ‑ תַּרְשִׁישׁ (tar‑sheesh');  
Frequency Lists
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KJV (1)
Romans 1
NAS (1)
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HCS (1)
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BSB (1)
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ESV (1)
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WEB (1)
Romans 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἄνθραξ, ᾰκος, ὁ,


1.charcoal, Sotad.Com. 1.12: mostly in pl. ἄνθρακες Ar. Ach. 34, 332, Nu. 97; ἄ. Παρνήθιοι Id. Ach. 348; ὀπτωμέναις κόγχαισιν ἐπί τῶν ἀ. Id. Fr. 68; ἄνθρακας ἡμμένους Th. 4.100, etc.; their vapour produced stupor, Arist. Sens. 444b31: prov., ἄνθρακας κατεσθίειν, of a glutton, Euphro 10.14, cf. Ion Trag. 29.

2. coal, οἷς καὶ οἱ χαλκεῖς χρῶνται Thphr. Lap. 16, PHolm. 2.33; ἐπὶ ἀνθράκων μαλακῶν on a slow fire, Xenocr. 16.


1. a precious stone of dark-red colour, including the carbuncle, ruby, and garnet (Adams), Arist. Mete. 387b18, LXX Exodus 28:18, Phylarch. 41, etc.

2. hence, carbuncle, malignant pustule (acc. to some, small-pox), Hp. Epid. 3.7, Gal. 7.719, al.

III = ἰσάτις, woad, PHolm. 18.34, al.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἄνθραξ, ἄνθρακος, , coal (also, from Thucydides and Aristophanes down, ἄνθραξ πυρός a coal of fire i. e. a burning or a live coal), live coal; Romans 12:20 ἄνθρακας πυρός σωρεύειν ἐπί τήν κεφαλήν τίνος, a proverbial expression, from Proverbs 25:22, signifying to call up, by the favors you confer on your enemy, the memory in him of the wrong he has done you (which shall pain him as if live coals were heaped on his head), that he may the more readily repent. The Arabians call things that cause very acute mental pain burning coals of the heart and fire in the liver; cf. Gesenius in Rosenmüller's Biblical-exeg. Repert. i., p. 140f (or in his Thesaurus i. 280; cf. also BB. DD. under the word ).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἄνθραξ , -ακος , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H1513;]

coal, charcoal: . . πυρός , a burning coal, Romans 12:20.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Petr III. 107(d).28, P Lond 1159.59 (A.D. 145–7) (= III. p. 113) ἐπὶ ξυλ καὶ ἀνθράκων καὶ φαν ω καὶ λαμπά δ, P Fay 348 (ii/iii A.D.) ἄνθρακο (ς). The word also occurs ter in Michel 594 (B.C. 279), a long inscription from Delos containing the receipts and expenses of the ἱεροποιοί. It is MGr ἄνθρακας.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
άνθρακα άνθρακά ανθρακας άνθρακας ἄνθρακας άνθρακες άνθρακος ανθράκων άνθραξ άνθραξι anthrakas ánthrakas
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