Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #8658 - תַּרְשִׁישׁ
1458) sr (רסה RSh) AC: Inherit CO: Head AB: ?: The pictograph r is a picture of the head. The head of the tribe (chief) or family (father) is passed from generation to generation. The head grants permission for the betrothal of his daughters and determines the inheritor of the tribe or family. The head of a person, place, thing or time. (eng: raise - with the exchange of the s and sh)
Nm ) sar (ראסה RASh) - Head: The top of the body. A person in authority or role of leader. The top, beginning or first of something. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: syr] KJV (619): head, chief, top, beginning, company, captain, sum, first, principal, chapiters, rulers - Strongs: H7217 (רֵאשׁ), H7218 (רֹאשׁ), H7389 (רִישׁ)
ef1) esair (ריאסהה RYAShH) - Beginning: The head of a space such as the head of a river or time such as an event. KJV (185): first, former, beginning, chief, before, old, foremost, aforetime - Strongs: H7223 (רִאשֹׁן)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
תַּרְשִׁישׁ (perhaps, “breaking,” “subjection,” i.e. region subjected, from the root רָשַׁשׁ) [Tarshish, Tharshish], pr.n.
(1) Tartessus, Ταρτησσός (more rarely, Ταρσηΐον, Polyb. Steph. Byz.), a city of Spain with the adjacent country, situated between the two mouths of the river Bætis (now Guadalquivir), a very flourishing colony and emporium of the Phœnicians, Genesis 10:4; Psalms 72:10; Isaiah 23:1, Isaiah 23:6, 10 Isaiah 23:10, 66:19 Jonah 1:3, 4:2 Ezekiel 38:13 hence silver (comp. Diod. Sic., v. 35-38. Strab. iii. page 148; Casaub.), iron, tin, and lead were brought to Tyre, Jeremiah 10:9; Ezekiel 27:12, 25 Ezekiel 27:25. See Bochart, in Geogr. Sacra, lib. iii. cap. 7, p. 165 seqq.; J. D. Michaëlis, Spicileg. Geogr. Hebr. Exteræ, i. p. 82-103; and G. G. Bredovii Disqui. Histor. fasc. ii. p. 260-803. Compare my Comment. on Isaiah 23:1, אֳנִיּוֹת תַּרְשִׁישׁ ships of Tarshish, partly properly so called, the Tyrian ships sent to Tartessus, or returning thence, Isaiah 23:1, Isaiah 23:4, 60:9 partly used as a general term for large ships of burden, although going into other countries, Isaiah 2:16; Psalms 48:8 and so, 1 Kings 10:22 (compare 9:28 ); 22:49 used of the ships going to Ophir; although the author of the Chronicles seems either not to know, or acknowledge this usage of language; see 2 Chronicles 9:21, 20:36, 37 2 Chronicles 20:37 compare my Gesch. d. Heb. Spr. p. 42.
(2) a precious stone, so called no doubt from Tartessus, as Ophir is used for gold of Ophir, Exodus 28:20, 39:13 Ezekiel 1:16, 10:9 28:13 Song of Solomon 5:14; Daniel 10:6. The chrysolite, i.e. the topaz of the moderns (which is still found in Spain), according to LXX. and Josephus, is understood by Braun (De Vestitu Sacerdot. ii. 7). Others prefer amber, but this is contrary to Exodus 28:20, 39:13.
(3) [Tarshish], pr.n.
(a) of a Persian prince, Esther 1:14.
(b) 1 Chronicles 7:10.
the Second Week after Easter